Commenter Profile

Total number of comments: 133 (since 2009-10-14 23:21:10)

GalenSword

53 years old, work in the finance industry, former Rockefeller Republican

Website: http://eaazi.blogspot.com

Showing comments 133 - 101
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  • Harvard's 'one-state' conference spurs 'National Review Online' to suggest expelling Palestinians from Jewish state
    • If Neo-Ottomans invaded the Balkans and rampaged into Austria to drive out the entire German-speaking population, would Germany have the responsibility of resettling the expelled Austrian population?

      Gaza is an open air prison. What does it demonstrate except that Zionists can brutalize and slaughter a population that they already drove from its home?

      Anyway, why should decent human beings care about the opinions and desires of criminal Zionist conglomeration of invaders, interlopers, and thieves?

    • Except of course, the connection of modern Jews to ancient Judeans is completely mythological and based on a psychotic political system with no connection to to reality whatsoever. The descendants of ancient Judeans are modern Palestinians and certainly not Eastern European ethnic Ashkenazim, Moroccan Jewish Arabs, Yemeni Jewish Arabs, or Iraqi Jewish Arabs.

      If we wish to discuss returning Jews to their ancestral homelands, obviously ethnic Ashkenazim should return to historic Poland while the various Jewish Arab groups should return to their respective Arab homelands.

    • If it makes sense to discuss complete ethnic cleansing of the native population, shouldn't we also hold a debate on the completely reasonable alternative (and probably less costly option) of removing the Zionist conglomeration of invaders, interlopers, and thieves?

  • Beatrice Webb on Zionist nonsense -- updated
  • Randa Musa: 'My husband, Khader Adnan, has shed a light on Israel's disregard for human rights'
  • Why Israel freed Khader Adnan
    • Despite Zionist propaganda the Ottoman tanzimat period shows that it is certainly possible to develop a framework for concepts of human rights from within Islam just as it is possible to do so within Christianity.

      A full discussion of Islamic approaches to human rights would clear up many misconceptions and show the total disconnect of Zionist Islamophobic incitement from reality.

      Likewise, we should discuss the Zionist position on the rights of non-Jews, for Zionism presupposes that the mythological historical and national rights of Eastern European ethnic Ashkenazim to Palestine trumps the human and democratic rights of the native non-Jewish population.

      It is hard to imagine an ideological position that is more racist toward non-Jews or more oblivious of their human and democratic rights.

  • PennBDS still being smeared two weeks after student conference
    • At some point the behavior of the anti-BDS Zionist lynch mob crosses the boundary into moral turpitude, and Gutman has an ethical obligation to start dismissal procedures.

  • Israeli spokesman Mark Regev grilled on CNN International over Khader Adnan
    • The record of the UK in dealing with the Irish resistance was abominable and is one of the main reasons that UK detention powers are far less extensive than those of the State of Israel and of the United States of America.

  • The end of the 'two-state solution' is the beginning of a more just future
    • I am not sure where Ilan Halevi resides nowadays, but he is a high-ranking member of the PLO. His wikipedia page suggests there are other high-ranking Jewish members of the PLO.

  • In Jerusalem, the Nakba is a fresh memory
    • Hebrew can use a special noun form to indicate a genitive relationship.

      bayit -- house

      beit din -- house of judgment, court

      hasbarah -- propaganda

      hasberat talmidim -- propaganda of students

      hasberat hatalmidim -- the propaganda of the students

      In Modern Israeli Hebrew, the status constructus is vestigial.

      Wikipedia has a reasonable discussion: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Construct_state .

    • LeaNder uses a feminine construct form. Probably מאמינה (believer) would better capture her intended meaning.

    • And trying to reclaim wrongfully seized properties?

    • Aren't Jews still chasing Nazi war criminals -- to the point of hounding people like Demjanjuk who were probably little more than janitors and probably not involved in war crimes?

    • Israel is not really a theocratic state. It is an ethnic fundamentalist or ethnic monist state.

      It may look like a religious state because Zionism has managed to co-opt at least 90% of religious, but Judaism today with the exception of Neturei Karta has few points of common with Judaism before the 1950s.

      (Heretical) Orthodox leaders like Joseph Soloveitchik led this transformation, but it is simply hard to view him as practicing anything that evolved out of traditional E. European Judaism.

      We see a similar evolution of Serbian Orthodoxy in that by the 1990s Serbian Orthodox Christianity became the handmaiden of a particularly murderous and extremist form of Serb nationalism.

      Nevertheless under Slobodan Milošević Serbia could not be considered in any way, shape, or form a theocratic state.

    • Or as Ali Abunimah said at the Penn BDS Conference 2 weeks back, he feels urgency about the conflict because his parents’ generation, the generation that experienced the Nakba, is beginning to die out without seeing even a shadow of justice.

      That the primary victims should die out along with the vanishing of evidence and memory of the 1947-8 ethnic cleansing was a goal expressed by the primary Zionist planners and orchestrators of the crimes against Palestinians.

  • Hasbara: Reach-out to non-Jews with 'Zionist-inspired' calendar
  • Rudoren responds to the Twitter kerfuffle
    • As far as I can tell, Ali Abunimah has attained some competence in Hebrew and fails to reject a large part of the Jewish-Zionist narrative that serious Jewish studies scholars like Michael Stanislawski, Lindemann, the Boyarians, the Magnes Zionist (in his real life job), etc. reject as hasbarah.

      How is Abunimah an extremist? As far as I can tell, he is far too easy on Zionists.

  • Norman Finkelstein slams the BDS movement calling it 'a cult'
  • You won't have Ethan Bronner to kick around anymore . . .
    • Obviously, I meant, "It used to be NY Times policy..."

      Anyway, from http://www.hks.harvard.edu/presspol/publications/papers/discussion_papers/d69_lewis.pdf .

      Topping did not, for example, mention that when Abe Rosenthal, the paper’s executive editor, chose Shipler to be the Jerusalem Bureau Chief, it was with the explicit but mistaken belief that the man he was sending to Israel was Jewish. Rosenthal believed he was breaking an invidious pattern at The Times of declining to send Jewish reporters to Israel. It was a practice predicated on the speculative notion that a Jewish correspondent would have an inherent conflict-of-interest that would leave the coverage open to criticism.

      After his decision, Rosenthal remarked proudly to a small group on his decision to end the practice. Joseph Lelyveld, then the deputy foreign editor, told Rosenthal he was puzzled because he thought the paper was sending Shipler. We are, Rosenthal said. Lelyveld then told an amazed — and somewhat embarrassed — Rosenthal that Shipler was, in fact, Protestant.

      No Jewish journalist that believes the (essentially false) pogrom and persecution narrative of historic Jewish victimization by non-Jews should be sent as a correspondent to the State of Israel because his reporting will invariably be distorted by falsehood and propaganda.

    • It used to NY Times policy and that of many other newspapers not to station Jewish correspondents in the State of Israel.

  • A lull on this site
    • Just google goyishe kop.

    • In Yiddish goy has negative connotations of brutishness and stupidity. The proper non-derogatory Yiddish term for non-Jew is nit-yid.

      The negative connotations of Yiddish carry over into Modern Israeli Hebrew, which is -- as I and many eminent scholars of linguistics argue -- relexified Yiddish.

  • Isikoff expose of Gingrich backer -- 'All we care about is being good citizens of Israel' -- puts 'Israel firster' issue in mainstream
    • The founding Zionist intelligentsia never expected wealthy Jews to settle in Palestine.

      From Let us search our ways (1881) by Peretz Smolenskin.

      [English explorers] have established that the [Land of Israel] is very good and that, if cultivated with skill and diligence, it could support fourteen million people. Even if we assume some exaggeration (though in truth there is none) and that there is room for only half that number, Eretz Israel can nonetheless contain all those who might wish to take refuge there. Not all Jews will go there — only those who are destitute or persecuted will look for a place to which to emigrate. It would be enough if only one million of our brethren would go, for it would be a relief both to them and to those remaining in the lands of the dispersion.

      Smolenskin based Zionism in the mobilization of Jewish wealth in contrast to Jewish revolutionary radicalism, whose goal was the mobilization of the proletariat without regard to ethnicity.

      Our Jewish philanthropists should therefore not tarry, if they really want to help their less fortunate brethren. They should hasten to buy land and let Jews settle on it to begin a new life. We can be sure that money will not be lacking, if only men of sufficient vision can be found to initiate this project in the right spirit, with a desire to help their people. In all countries there exist such Jews, many more than we know of, who strive to help their people with all their might and main. Only one thing is lacking — a united purpose. As soon as we succeed in achieving unity for this great work, fruition will not be long in coming.

  • Jabara and Ross thrill a drizzly Brooklyn crowd
    • By October 1947, the US State Department had almost completed a plan for the USA and the British Empire to absorb the 300,000 Jewish DPs. When leaks tipped off the Zionist leadership, Zionist agents began spreading rumors that the number of Jewish DPs was much greater than 300,000.

  • Leader in fight for indigenous Australians' rights is on board for denial of those rights in Israel and Palestine
  • Iran sanctions backlash-- oil buyers ditch dollar
  • Robert Reich pretends he's stupid
  • Seeing Rawan Yaghi on Skype
    • To change American opinions about the conflict over Palestine, a pro-Palestinian genre of Hollywood-style film needs to be developed and distributed.

      Here is my attempt at a sort of Palestinian Schindler's List: http://www.eaazi.org/ThorsProvoni/twoweeks.pdf .

      I started my film on p. 19. A script doctor added the previous 18 pages because she thought the film needed more context. I consider the material backstory that is implied and need not appear in the film.

      Two Weeks in September serves as a prequel to Devorah's Two Weddings, which is a sort of update of Neal Simon's The Heartbreak Kid: http://www.eaazi.org/ThorsProvoni/NewTwoWeddings.pdf

      Even if I could get the funding to produce the two films, distribution is so Zionist-controlled that I doubt I would be able to obtain a large enough American audience.

  • Ynet manufactures new threat to promote Ben White book
    • "Humanitarian racism" is a projection of Zionist tactics.

      Rafael Medoff discusses in Militant Zionism in America the fake anti-segregationist efforts that Jabotinaskians undertook in their quest for respectability.

      In reality, Jabotinsky was so racist that he occasionally tried in the 1930s to prove that Greco-Roman period Judeans were really Aryans.

      Yale Professor Benjamin Harshav, who himself seems to believe Zionist racial theories writes (Language in Time of Revolution, http://books.google.com/books?id=HPwR7pmx84IC&printsec=frontcover , p. 160):

      On the contrary, the ultranationalist and gifted poet and writer Ze’ev (Vladimir) Jabotinsky, in his book Hebrew Pronunciation (still trying to mold the pronunciation of the new language in 1930!), opposed the Arabic pronunciation and claimed that our ancestors did not speak with an “Arabic accent” either. Canaan, he argued, was teeming with races, including the “remnants of the nations of Europe and Anatolia,” that is, Aryans (sic!), all of whom were swallowed up within Judea and Israel:

      Thus the Hebrew was formed as a Mediterranean man, in whose blood and soul several aspirations and several flavors of the nations of the North and of the West were blended. […] To set the rules for the pronunciation of the renewed Hebrew, if we must seek points of support in other languages, let us look for them not in Arabic but in Western languages, especially in those which were born or developed on the shores of the Mediterranean. I am sure, for example, that the general impression of the sound, the “prosody” of ancient Hebrew was much more similar to that of Greece and Rome than to Arabic. (Jabotinsky 1930: 6-8)

  • Why Christian Zionism is nothing short of outright heresy
    • In a lecture at the Harvard Divinity School two decades ago, Hans Küng pointed out that Islam provides a true witness to the life of Jesus — not the edited gentile Hellenistic version, but a genuine Semitic tradition that probably preserves the Jamesian perspective that was naturally closest to the reality of Jesus.

      Evangelicals often work hard to learn scripture in Hebrew and Greek, but unless they actually learn and study the Quran in Arabic, they will never truly understand Jesus and his messianic mission, for the Quran in Arabic represents the oldest least tampered tradition of Jesus.

      Closely reading verses of the Christian and Hebrew Bibles along with ayas of the Quran can elucidate the plain meaning of all three texts and show unexpected connections.

      Here is a typical English translation (New International Version) of Matthew 5:5:

      Blessed are the meek, for they will inherit the earth.

      [Note that in some versions of the Christian Bible Matthew verses 5:5 and 5:4 interchange.]

      The above English translation is sloppy as both the Syriac Peshitta and also the Greek version of the New Testament show.

      Where the English Bibles usually have the phrase the earth, the Peshitta uses the word ar`a (Hebrew haaretz), and the Greek New Testament has the phrase ten gen, which means primarily the land and not the earth. (See versions of the verse at the end of the article.) Aramaic speakers at the time of Jesus would almost certainly have understood ar`a idiomatically as the Land of Israel or the Promised Land.

      Matthew 5:5 translates into Arabic as:

      al-barakatu lilmuslimina fasawfa yarithuna-l-arda. [native Arabic speaker's translation]

      tas`adu-l-muslimuna fasawfa yarithuna-l-arda. [Joachim Martillo]

      The people of the land (am-haaretz) recognized that Jesus was the messiah (but not God). In return for their love, Jesus conferred upon his peasant followers the covenant of the land in a restatement of the promise to Abraham. He told the humble people (al-muslimuna, ha`anawim) that they would inherit the land (al-ard, ha'aretz) once the local religious-political elites, the local fanatics, and the imperial Romans had finished slaughtering each other.

      The Quran expresses this covenantal concept explicitly in Sura 21:105.

      wa-laqad katabnaa fi-l-zabur min ba`di-l-dhikri anna-l-arda yarithuha `ibadiya-l-salihuna 105

      We have decreed in the Psalms, from beside (in addition to) the reminder, that the land shall be inherited by My righteous (pious — salihuna) servants.

      The aya is a clear reference both to Psalms 37:11 and to the allusion that Jesus makes to this verse in the beatitudes.

      יא וַעֲנָוִים יִירְשׁוּ-אָרֶץ; וְהִתְעַנְּגוּ, עַל-רֹב שָׁלוֹם.

      11. wa`anawim yirshu aretz; wehit`annagu `al rov shalom

      11. But the humble shall inherit the land (i.e. Palestine), and delight themselves in the abundance of peace.

      The phrase abundance of peace (rov shalom) is a contrast to the violence, recklessness or foolishness (jahl) of the powerful, whose empty pointless hatreds (sin'at hinam) and conflicts victimized and ruined the peasantry. (See Ibn Ezra's commentary on this verse in the Mikra'ot Gedolot.)

      The phrase rov shalom suggests Islam, which is the opposite of jahl or jahiliyya (the age of ignorance that precedes Islam).

      Righteousness or piety is not an attribute that Jesus associates with the rich or the powerful, who rarely perform as many good works (as-salihat) as they could.

      It is easier for a camel to go through the eye of a needle, than for a rich man to enter into the kingdom of God. (Matthew 19:24)

      By the 3rd century CE a large part of the peasantry of Palestine were followers of Jesus and practiced a form of Christian Judaism in which Jesus was Messiah but neither God nor son of God. For this reason the Talmud is consistently contemptuous of the humble people, who comprised the am-haaretz, and am-haaretz is a derogatory epithet in Talmudic, Yiddish and Modern Israeli Hebrew idiom.

      Nevertheless, we have reason to believe (including one origin story of the Ge'ez or classical Ethiopic translation of the Bible) that the beliefs of Palestinian Christian Judaism spread to Hijaz where they prepared the people for Muhammad's apostleship. When Umar al-Faruq opened Palestine to Islam, the humble people of the land (am haaretz) saw the fulfillment of the promise of Jesus in the religion of Islam, which means humility or meekness and which was a minor variant of the religion that they already practiced. As the Jewish Aramaic prayer says, yekum purqan min shemayya. Salvation shall come from the heavens. Hence the Quran which was brought down from heaven by Jibril/Gabriel is called al-furqan. [Note that Hebrew/Aramaic p becomes f in Arabic.]

      By supporting the theft of Palestine from the native Palestinian peasantry and the removal or ethnic cleansing of the Palestinian peasants from their land, Zionists reject the explicit words of the Quran, the clear statement in the Hebrew Bible and the affirmation of Jesus as recorded in the Gospels. Obviously only God decides who burns in Hell for all eternity, but it is hard to conceive of extenuating circumstances for Zionists.

      Notes

      Peshitta

      ܛܽܘܒ݂ܰܝܗܽܘܢ ܠܡܰܟ݁ܺܝܟ݂ܶܐ ܕ݁ܗܶܢܽܘܢ ܢܺܐܪܬ݂ܽܘܢ ܠܰܐܪܥܳܐ

      tubihun limkika dehenun ni'rtun le'ar`a

      To the meek their happiness as they will inherit the land.

      Greek New Testament

      Makarioi hoi praeis hoti autoi kleronomesousin ten gen.
      Fortunate are the humble, because they will themselves inherit the land.

      New Testament translated into Hebrew

      אַשְׁרֵי הָעֲנָוִים כִּי־הֵם יִירְשׁוּ־הָאָרֶץ׃
      ashrei ha`anawim ki-hem yirshu haaretz
      happy are the humble because them will inherit the land.

      Biblia Vulgata

      5:4 Beati mites: quoniam ipsi possidebunt terram.

      The Latin redactors of the Vulgate often selected the least plausible least idiom-aware translation of the Greek New Testament. Those that have translated the Vulgate into English have generally managed to obscure the original text even more. In this case, a reasonable idiomatic English translation is the following.

      5:4 Happy are the meek because they themselves will possess land/a land/the land/earth/the earth.

      I have given the possible translations of terram in order of plausibility. [Note that Latin has neither indefinite nor definite article.]

      Martin Luther's Translation

      [5.5] Selig sind die Sanftmütigen; denn sie werden das Erdreich besitzen.

      [5.5] Blessed are the meek; for they will possess the kingdom of earth.

      The translation Erdreich (kingdom of earth) is simply unjustifiable from any of the ancient sources.

      A more correct German translation resulting from a reconciliation with the Jerusalem Bible (see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jerusalem_Bible) translates the verse into German as follows:

      [5.5] Selig sind die Sanftmütigen; denn sie werden das Land besitzen.

      [5.5] Blessed are the meek; for they will possess the land.

      References

      There Is No Crime For Those Who Have Christ: Religious Violence in the Christian Roman Empire by Michael Gaddis

      Imperialism and Jewish Society: 200 B.C.E. to 640 C.E. (Jews, Christians, and Muslims from the Ancient to the Modern World) (Paperback) by Seth Schwartz

      James, the Brother of Jesus by Robert Eisenman
      The author writes a lot of nonsense, but he does seem to scour the primary sources.

      Hagarism: The Making of the Islamic World by Patricia Crone and Michael Cook
      The book is often cited in order to refute it. The authors attempt to construct a coherent history of early Islam without the use of any traditional Islamic sources.

      Crossroads to Islam by Yehuda Nevo and Judith Koren
      The authors seem to have the intent of "debunking" Islam, but the information the book supplies tends to support the hypothesis of a connection between Christian Judaism and the mission of Muhammad.

      The Beginnings of Jewishness by Shaye Cohen
      The author provides some useful background information, but the book is uneven. Cohen may confuse cause and effect. He dates some phenomena too late and others too early.

      The oeuvre of Jacob Neusner also provides useful information about the Talmudic form of Judaism in the Greco-Roman period through the 10th century CE, but he takes texts at face value much too much. Seth Schwartz provides some correction to Neusner's uncritical assumptions.

  • Assassination has been a trusty tool in Zionism's rightwing movement
    • Let's be honest! The Haganah assassinated de Haan, and there are a number of suspects in the case of the assassination of Arlosoroff including his wife and the Labor Zionist leadership.

      Goebbels, Magda Quandt and various German Nazis are also suspects.

  • Israel is at the heart of Jewish identity, Gorenberg says
    • Galut was a spiritual concept and not a physical concept until Spanish or Portuguese converso returnees brought a confused amalgam of Catholic and Jewish theology into the Jewish community.

  • New book Palestinians in Israel explores the contradiction of the ‘Jewish and democratic’ state
    • Poland has a tradition of organic nationalist politics that differs from the extremist organic nationalist ideology of the State of Israel.

      The PPS under Piłsudski took the position that ethnic Poles might be the head of the organic body of the nation but other Polish ethnonational groups had roles in that body as well.

      Politically moderate ethnic Ashkenazim were highly supportive of Piłsudski although the not inconsequential radical and communist segment of the ethnic Ashkenazi population worked against him.

      Zionists whether so-called Labor or Jabotinskian were and remain in terms of ethno-chauvinism closer to the Endeks but far more extreme than that party and its offshoots.

      http://archive.jta.org/article/1936/06/08/2834808/endeks-attack-jews-as-court-jails-bombers

      To comprehend Zionism one must understand Polish history as well as the German, Polish, and Russian political and social milieu that incubated Zionism from the 1880s through the start of WW2.

    • Page: 1
  • Obama begins push for Jewish support in 2012 by touting the 'unbreakable bond' between Israel and the US
  • Zbig says Israelis 'buy influence' in Congress and play Obama
    • For the record, the greatest hostility towards Russians are found among Poles that can trace their origins to Czarist Poland. Poles from former German Poland have greater animosity toward Germans and ethnic Ashkenazim, who often acted as native collaborators while Poles with origins in the (Catholic) Austrian Empire are less like to evince such prejudices.

      The Austrian Polish Brzeziński family, to which Zbigniew belongs, in particular has a record of strong philosemitism.

  • What was your major? AIPAC!
  • Video: Settlers claim olive oil as 'Israeli'
    • Pączki are jelly doughnuts and of Polish origin. Sfinj, zalabia, beignets, and zeppoli are all very similar and but quite different from pączki.

    • A Jewish Arab from Morocco, Yemen, or Iraq has no more claim to Palestine than a Muslim Arab from Morocco, Yemen, or Iraq.

      There may have been mitigating circumstances in that Zionist Ashkenazim connived that Jewish Arabs come to stolen Palestine as an ersatz native collaborator population but nowadays they are just as invested in Zionist crime as invading Ashkenazim.

      In the kindest interpretation the Zionist colonial settler population is a heterogeneous pied noir population that should leave stolen and occupied Palestine.

  • If I must die
  • Reports of Mossad role in assasination shine light on Israeli hypocrisy
  • WINEP official says U.S. strategy is aimed at provoking 'Pearl Harbor' that justifies war with Iran
  • Ron Paul on Israel
    • I believe I’m the only candidate who would allow Israel to take immediate action to defend herself without having to get our approval. Israel should be free to take whatever steps she deems necessary to protect her national security and sovereignty.

      Paul also believes that the USA should be friends with Iran. He almost certainly believes that Iran should be allowed to take immediate action to defend herself and that Iran should be free to take whatever steps she deems necessary to protect her national security and sovereignty.

  • Europe gets it: Israel 'forcibly transfers' Palestinians
    • Hopefully, we can't be too far off (five years? ten?) from the time when the EU will publish a report like this for the whole world to see--with the words boycott, divestment and sanctions included. But how many "forcible transfers" of Palestinians will happen before then?

      That future report will be useless unless it refers both to Nuremberg Tribunal Case Law and also to the International Convention for the Prevention and Punishment of Genocide for the purpose of preparing indictments of Israeli and International Zionist leadership, plutocracy, and intelligentsia before the World Court.

  • Israeli Supreme Court upholds discriminatory citizenship law: 'Human rights shouldn’t be a recipe for national suicide'
    • A tiny Arab population conquered and ruled the lands of the Middle East and Arabized the peoples of the various territories. Palestinians for the most part descendants of the native populations of the Kingdom of Judea.

      Ethnic Ashkenazim and Jews of other lands throughout the world are almost totally descendants of local indigenous populations.

      Thus the Zionist settler population whether ethnic Ashkenazim or even Jewish Arabs consists almost entirely of invaders, interlopers, and thieves.

      For this reason when we discuss Stolen Palestine (pre-1967 Israel) and Occupied Palestine (territory conquered in the 1967 War of Zionist Aggression), we should refer to the native population and to the criminal Zionist conglomeration.

  • Adelson is devoted to furthest right wing in Israel
    • I have often wondered what role Miriam Ochshorn Adelson plays in Sheldon Adelson's politics. According to the biographies, Gertrude Himmelfarb changed Irving Kristol's politics, and Midge Decter that of Norman Podhoretz.

      I have seen the Ochshorn name fairly frequently among early supporters of Jabotinsky.

  • Israel's national theater to bring 'Merchant' to World Shakespeare Fest in May
    • Othello might provide a more interesting Shakespearean platform to investigate Zionist crimes.

      Othello could be a Palestinian who betrayed his own people in order to marry a Jewish Desdemona.

      He falls prey to liberal Zionist Iago, who is secretly but totally anti-Palestinian racist and can't bear the thought of Othello with a Jewish woman.

      Othello being himself a traitor easily suspects Desdemona of similar betrayal.

  • Cooking magazines dish on new trend: labeling Arabic food Israeli!
  • Prayer
    • It is worth mentioning that Allahu akbar is a literal translation of Gadol Adonai which occurs throughout Jewish liturgy.

      From Psalm 145:

      ג גָּדוֹל יְהוָה וּמְהֻלָּל מְאֹד; וְלִגְדֻלָּתוֹ, אֵין חֵקֶר.

      3. Great is the LORD, and highly to be praised; and His greatness is unsearchable.

  • Christian group dedicated to derailing divestment bankrolled by settler-funding philanthropy
  • Poof, Dome of the Rock, gone: IDF rabbinate edits Dome of the Rock out of picture of the Temple Mount
  • F. W. de Klerk on why apartheid will fail in Israel/Palestine
    • Official US aid is the wrong number, for US aid is a tiny part of US subsidization of Israel and even a smaller part of the costs of Israel to the USA.

      The USA probably subsidizes at least half of Israel's GDP, and the costs of Israel probably account for at least 3/4's of the US national debt.

      The GAO has never undertaken to calculate any of these figures, and the reasons for the lack of interest should be obvious.

  • Chicago and Nabi Saleh honor Gazan children killed during Cast Lead
    • To get such a resolution you would have to work city councilmen angry at Rahm Emanuel and willing to risk the wrath of the Chicago Jewish community (or more accurately the wrath of the Crowns, Pritzkers, and Reichmans).

    • During these demonstrations, the Israeli often uses tear gas, mustard gas, skunk spray, and violent arrests against the participants.

      Is mustard gas really used?

      Under contemporary international criminal law, reflected in the 1998 Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court, the employment of asphyxiating, poisonous, or other gases during armed conflicts is deemed a war crime. The utilization of gases as a method of murder or extermination can be qualified as either a crime against humanity or a crime of genocide.

  • Israeli Supreme Court: Israeli companies are entitled to West Bank natural resources; international law must adapt to long-term occupation
    • David Shasha, Director of the Brooklyn Center for Sephardic Heritage, put together an interesting piece that discusses Zionist concepts of international law and shows what a sham Irwin Cotler's posturing about human rights is. David Shasha's comments are italicized.

      Revisionism, Rejectionism, and Arab-Israeli Peace
      By: Irwin Cotler

      Although I have dealt with the spurious use of the issue of Middle Eastern Jews as “refugees” equivalent to Palestinians by Zionist HASBARAH, I think that it is appropriate to address the issue again in order to make clear a number of points in the context of this article:

      1. Whenever there seems to be even a hint of sympathy for Palestinians and their claims, the Zionists come out with the issue of Arab Jews as the moral equivalent of Palestinians. It seems as if it is necessary for Israel and its Diaspora supporters to refuse the legitimacy of the independent claims of the Palestinians who were made refugees in 1948. The integrity of Palestinian claims is to be addressed by counterclaims such as those made in this article.

      2. As shown in the article which follows by our good friend Yehouda Shenhav, the basis of this equivalence is spurious. Arab Jews and Palestinians have two different histories and their experiences are not similar.

      3. Arab Jews were not subject to formal expulsion orders by their government officials. Each case is based on specific circumstances unique to the individual Arab countries. The case of Morocco is not the same as that of Iraq, the case of Egypt not the same as that of Syria, and so on.

      4. Prior to 1948 the status of Jews in the Arab world was in a state of flux. Some Jews chose to identify with the emerging independence movements while others did not. There is no one rule governing the situation.

      5. In the specific case of Egypt, Chief Rabbi Haim Nahum Effendi counseled the community to become Egyptian citizens and remain faithful to their homeland. Most Egyptian Jews neglected to follow his advice creating quite variable results. The difficulty stemmed from both the changing citizenship laws, as well as the ability of Egyptian Jews to receive foreign (European) citizenship that would provide them with socio-economic advantages. Egyptian Jews were affected by new and discriminatory laws regarding employment, property ownership, and general civic status that fluctuated over time until it became impossible for most of them to remain in the country. Such discriminatory laws occasionally spilled over into an unknown number of outright expulsions, particularly at the time of the 1956 Suez war. But, contrary to the common assumption, a significant number of Jews remained until the 1967 war and a very small community remains there today. This issue can be multiplied exponentially on a country-by-country basis throughout the Middle East and North Africa where historic Jewish communities were largely disbanded putting an end to centuries of Jewish history in the Arab-Muslim world.

      6. This leads us to mention the role of Israel and Zionism in the complexity of Arab Jewish life. On the one hand, Israel has maintained that Arab Jews are members of the Jewish nation and are part of Israel. That they were or were not expelled from Arab countries should then not be relevant to any peace negotiation. Beyond this, as Shenhav shows in his research, the Zionists, prior to 1948, interfered in the lives of Arab Jews by sending emissaries to their communities to “encourage” them to emigrate to Palestine. It was this process that helped to accelerate the anti-Jewish sentiment in Arab countries and identify the native Jews exclusively with Israel and Zionism.

      7. Arab Jews who moved to Diaspora countries are not legally represented by Israel. Any possible property claims should not be adjudicated by Israel, but by the individuals wherever they might live. Such claims should be made, but the proper way for such claims to be made is by individuals and organizations accountable to the individuals and not to the State of Israel. Palestinian claims are rightly addressed by their political leadership.

      8. In this sense, the so-called “Sephardic” groups that have sprung up around this issue – JIMENA, HARIF, JJAC – are often tied to Zionist-Israeli institutions, governmental and non-governmental alike, which help them advocate on behalf of the issue. Mr. Cotler himself is the founder of the JJAC – Justice for Jews from Arab Countries – and the way in which he connects the “refugee” issue to Israel bespeaks a linkage that is not necessarily valid in terms of individual claimants and their legal rights. As a lawyer, Mr. Cotler should be aware of this.

      9. But perhaps most important of all is the manner in which the “refugee” issue has become one of the only means that Arab Jews are permitted to be represented in the Jewish world today. Having lost any sense of their ancestral culture – much of it tied to that of the Arab world, a world that is now hated and despised as the enemy of Israel – Arab Jews are undergoing a historic erosion of their civilization. Israel thus wishes to accelerate the process of cultural evisceration while at the same time seeking to validate the material claims of Arab Jews when it suits its purposes.

      10. Arab Jews have not been successful at maintaining their culture in Israel and have for decades been subject to various forms of social discrimination and cultural exclusion in what is in effect an Ashkenazi-dominated Israel. Having lost their cultural autonomy, it seems that all Arab Jews are good for is to act as a bulwark against the legitimate claims of Palestinian Arabs.

      So in the end we have a spurious use of questionable legal ideas that are meant not to address the many issues facing Arab Jews in their quest for cultural continuity and social cohesion, but to manipulate the complex issue of how Jews left their homes in the Arab-Muslim world and how that issue is tied to the Palestine refugee problem.

      Rather than seeking to redress the massive inequality and cultural exclusion and social humiliation that have been meted out on Arab Jews in both Israel and the Diaspora, we are being told that the most critical element for us is to have the “refugee” issue adjudicated in the context of peace negotiations.

      For those Sephardim who have no real concern for their cultural well-being, such an issue has indeed become a top priority. Seeing the Jewish people as one entity – in spite of all that we know has gone on, and continues to go on with regard to the evisceration of the Sephardic heritage – such individuals are firmly ensconced in the Zionist consensus and reject any attempt by other Sephardim to articulate the many valid grievances that have been created by Zionism and Israel.

      The hostility of Sephardim towards the Arab world and towards Arab culture is often quite pronounced. It is no great secret that many Sephardic Jews are at the very forefront of Islamophobic rhetoric and see any attempt at redressing Sephardic grievances as illegitimate. In this way such individuals and organizations can fit in perfectly with the Ashkenazi-controlled Jewish institutional world.

      But for those of us who are not only concerned with Sephardi continuity, but with justice and fair play, doing the dirty work of Zionism is something that we cannot acquiesce to. Though it is certainly true that over the course of the past century there have been many problems for Arab Jews that should most definitely be addressed, linking those problems to the Middle East peace process is a false and duplicitous way of going about it. That Ashkenazim largely ignore the scandals of the Yemenite Babies and the Ringworm Children, but make a big production over what might or might not have happened in Arab countries after 1948 is something that we should ponder more carefully.

      That Sephardim have no actual influence in the Jewish world today should not force us to accept the priorities of HASBARAH as a means to be included in the discussion.

      David Shasha

      While serving as a Canadian delegate to the annual inter-parliamentary hearing at the United Nations, I came across an exhibit marking the annual International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People. The central theme of the exhibit is the Nakba – catastrophe – suffered by the Palestinian people, due to the establishment of the State of Israel.

      Once again, the United Nations commemorated the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People on November 29 – the 64th anniversary of the Partition Resolution – by continuing to ignore the plight of Jewish refugees. Turning history and law on its head, the world body once again failed to note that the Arab countries not only rejected a Palestinian state and went to war to extinguish the nascent Jewish state, but also targeted the Jewish nationals living in their respective countries.

      Two refugee populations were created by that decision – the Palestinian refugee population resulting from the Arab war against Israel, and the Jewish refugees resulting from the Arab war against its own Jewish nationals.

      Indeed, evidence contained in a report titled “Jewish Refugees from Arab Countries: The Case for Rights And Redress” documents a pattern of state-sanctioned repression and persecution in Arab countries – including Nuremberg-like laws – that targeted its Jewish populations, resulting in denationalization, forced expulsions, illegal sequestration of property, arbitrary arrest and detention, torture and murder – namely, anti-Jewish pogroms.

      And while the internal Jewish narrative has often referred to pogroms as European attacks on their Jewish nationals, it has often ignored Arab-Muslim attacks on their Jewish nationals.

      Moreover, as the report also documents, these massive human rights violations were not only the result of state-sanctioned patterns of oppression in each of the Arab countries, but they were reflective of a collusive blueprint, as embodied in the Draft Law of the Political Committee of the League of Arab States.

      This is a story that needs to be heard. It is a truth that must now be acknowledged.

      Regrettably, the United Nations also bears express and continuing responsibility for this distorted Middle East and peace narrative. Since 1948, there have been more than 150 UN resolutions that have specifically dealt with the Palestinian refugee plight. Yet not one of these resolutions makes any reference to, nor is there any expression of concern for, the plight of the 850,000 Jews displaced from Arab countries.

      Nor have any of the Arab countries involved – or the Palestinian leadership involved – expressed any acknowledgement, let alone regret, for this pain and suffering, or for their respective responsibility for the pain and suffering.

      How do we rectify this historical – and ongoing – injustice? What are the rights and remedies available under international human rights and humanitarian law? And what are the corresponding duties and obligations incumbent upon the United Nations, Arab countries and members of the international community?

      To answer these questions, I propose a nine-point international human rights action agenda.

      • First, it must be appreciated that while justice has long been delayed, it must no longer be denied. The time has come to rectify this historical injustice, and to restore the plight and truth of the “forgotten exodus” of Jews from Arab countries to the Middle East narrative from which they have been expunged and eclipsed these 64 years.

      • Second, remedies for victim refugee groups – including rights of remembrance, truth, justice and redress, as mandated under human rights and humanitarian law – must now be invoked for Jews displaced from Arab countries.

      • Third, in the manner of duties and responsibilities, each of the Arab countries – and the Arab League, which has played a protective role in Libyan and Syrian aggressions – must acknowledge their role and responsibility in their double aggression of launching an aggressive war against Israel and the perpetration of human rights violations against their respective Jewish nationals. The culture of impunity must end.

      • Fourth, the Arab League Peace Plan of 2002 – still held out as a blueprint for an Arab-Israeli peace – should incorporate the question of Jewish refugees from Arab countries as part of its narrative for an Israeli-Arab peace, just as the Israeli narrative now incorporates the issue of Palestinian refugees in its vision of an Israeli-Arab peace.

      • Fifth, on the international level, the UN General Assembly – whose theme in the session in which I participated this past week was “political accountability” – and in the interests of justice and equity – should include reference to Jewish refugees as well as Palestinian refugees in its annual resolutions; the UN Human Rights Council should address, as it has yet to do, the issue of Jewish as well as Palestinian refugees; UN agencies dealing with compensatory efforts for Palestinian refugees should also address Jewish refugees form Arab countries.

      • Sixth, the annual November 29 commemoration by the United Nations of the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People should finally be transformed into an International Day of Solidarity for a Two-Peoples Two-State Solution – as the initial 1947 Partition Resolution intended – including solidarity with all refugees created by the Israeli-Arab conflict.

      • Seventh, jurisdiction over Palestinian refugees should be transferred from UNRWA to the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees. There was no justification then – and still less today – for the establishment of a separate body to deal only with Palestinian refugees, particularly when that body is itself compromised by its incitement to hatred, as well as its revisionist teaching of the Middle East peace and justice narrative.

      • Eighth, any bilateral Israeli-Palestinian negotiations – which one hopes will presage a just and lasting peace – should include Jewish refugees as well as Palestinian refugees in an inclusive joinder of discussion.

      • Ninth, during any and all discussions on the Middle East by the Quartet and others, any explicit reference to Palestinian refugees should be paralleled by a reference to Jewish refugees from Arab countries.

      The continuing exclusion and denial of rights and redress to Jewish refugees from Arab countries will only prejudice authentic negotiations between the parties and undermine the justice and legitimacy of any agreement.

      Let there be no mistake about it. Where there is no remembrance, there is no truth; where there is no truth, there will be no justice; where there is no justice, there will be no reconciliation; and where there is no reconciliation, there will be no peace – which we all seek.

      From The Jerusalem Post, December 8, 2011

      Arab Jews, Palestinian Refugees and Israel's Folly Politics
      By: Yehouda Shenhav

      In an article in the Israeli daily Ha'aretz from 22.10.06, the Reuters Agency reported that Word Jewish groups began a global campaign calling for recognition of Jews from Arab countries (i.e. Arab Jews) as refugees in theMiddle East conflict. Stanley Urman, executive director of Justice for Jews from Arab Countries (JJAC) was quoted saying that:
      The world sees the plight of Palestinian refugees, and not withstanding their plight, there must be recognition that Jews from Arab countries are also victims of the Arab-Israeli conflict.
      Justice for Jews from Arab Countries (JJAC), a U.S.-based coalition of Jewish organizations, is one of the groups coordinating the campaign which aims to record testimonies of Jews from Arab countries, list asset losses and lobby foreign governments on their behalf. Reuters also reported that JJAC is working in tandem with Israel's Ministry of Justice, which is collecting and registering testimonials, affidavits and property claims. The daily internet paper Y-NET (October 24 2006 under the title: "Jews of Arab Countries prepare yourself to claim compensation") also reported that the new minister of justice Meir Shitrit is behind this "new effort."

      However this effort is all but novel. It started 6 years ago in a folly attempt to use the Arab Jews and their histories to counter-balance the Palestinian claim for the so called "right of return". The campaign has tried to create an analogy between Palestinian refugees and Arab Jews, whose origins are in Middle Eastern countries - depicting both groups as victims of the 1948 War of Independence. The campaign's Jewish proponents hope their efforts will prevent conferral of what is called a "right of return" on Palestinians, and reduce the size of the compensation Israel is liable to be asked to pay in exchange for Palestinian property appropriated by the state guardian of "lost" assets. Whereas in the past, the State of Israel and Jewish organizations have denied any linkage between the two groups and argued that the campaign was launched in the interest of the Arab Jews (see Chapter 3 in my book The Arab Jews, Stanford University Press, 2006), today all parties involved acknowledge that the main objective of the campaign is not to secure the interest of the Arab Jews, but rather to counter-balance the Palestinian political demands. I would like to argue that the idea of drawing this analogy constitutes a mistaken reading of history, imprudent politics, and moral injustice; and that any analogy between Palestinian refugees and Jewish immigrants from Arab lands is folly in historical and political terms
      Bill Clinton launched the campaign in July 2000 in an interview with Israel's Channel One, in which he disclosed that an agreement to recognize Jews from Arab lands as refugees materialized at the Camp David summit. Ehud Barak, the Israeli Prime Minister at the time, stepped up and enthusiastically expounded on his "achievement" in an interview with Dan Margalit. It should be noted, that past Israeli governments had refrained from issuing declarations of this sort.

      There were at least three reasons for that. First, there has been concern that any such proclamation will underscore what Israel has tried to repress and forget: the Palestinians' demand for return. Second, there has been anxiety that such a declaration would encourage property claims submitted by Jews against Arab states and, in response, Palestinian counter-claims to lost property. Third, such declarations would require Israel to update its school textbooks and history, and devise a new narrative by which the Arab Jews journeyed to the country under duress, without being fueled by Zionist aspirations. At Camp David, Ehud Barak decided that the right of return issue was not really on the agenda, so he thought he had the liberty to indulge the analogy between the Palestinian refugees and the Arab Jews, only rhetorically. Characteristically, rather than really dealing with issues as a leader, in a fashion that might lead to mutual reconciliation, Barak and later prime ministers Ariel Sharom and Ehud Oulmert acted like shopkeepers. Furthermore, whereas the article in Ha'aretz mentioned above reports that the Ministry of Justice has already received thousands of claims to date, in actuality the campaign's results thus far are meager. The Jewish organizations involved have not inspired much enthusiasm in Israel, or among Jews overseas. It has yet to extract a single noteworthy declaration from any major Israeli politician. This comes as no surprise: The campaign has a forlorn history whose details are worth revisiting. Sometimes recounting history has a very practical effect.

      The World Organization of Jews from Arab Countries (WOJAC) who initiated this linkage was founded in the 1970s. Yigal Allon, then foreign minister, worried that WOJAC would become a hotbed of what he called "ethnic mobilization." But WOJAC was not formed to assist the Arab Jews; it was invented as a deterrent to block claims harbored by the Palestinian national movement, particularly claims related to compensation and the right of return. At first glance, the use of the term "refugees" for the Arab Jews was not unreasonable. After all, the word had occupied a central place in historical and international legal discourses after World War II. United Nations Security Council Resolution 242 from 1967 referred to a just solution to "the problem of refugees in the Middle East." In the 1970s, Arab countries tried to fine-tune the resolution's language so that it would refer to "Arab refugees in the Middle East," but the U.S. government, under the direction of ambassador to the UN Arthur Goldberg, opposed this revision. A working paper prepared in 1977 by Cyrus Vance, then U.S. secretary of state, ahead of scheduled international meetings in Geneva, alluded to the search for a solution to the "problem of refugees," without specifying the identities of those refugees. Israel lobbied for this formulation. WOJAC, which tried to introduce use of the concept "Jewish refugees," failed.

      The Arabs were not the only ones to object to the phrase. Many Zionist Jews from around the world opposed WOJAC's initiative. Organizers of the current campaign would be wise to study the history of WOJAC, an organization which transmogrified over its years of activity from a Zionist to a post-Zionist entity. It is a tale of unexpected results arising from political activity. The WOJAC figure who came up with the idea of "Jewish refugees" was Yaakov Meron, head of the Justice Ministry's Arab legal affairs department. Meron propounded the most radical thesis ever devised concerning the history of Jews in Arab lands. He claimed Jews were expelled from Arab countries under policies enacted in concert with Palestinian leaders - and he termed these policies "ethnic cleansing." Vehemently opposing the dramatic Zionist narrative, Meron claimed that Zionism had relied on romantic, borrowed phrases ("Magic Carpet," "Operation Ezra and Nehemiah") in the description of Mizrahi immigration waves to conceal the "fact" that Jewish migration was the result of "Arab expulsion policy." In a bid to complete the analogy drawn between Palestinians and Mizrahi Jews, WOJAC publicists claimed that the Arab Jewish immigrants lived in refugee camps in Israel during the 1950s (i.e., ma'abarot or transit camps), just like the Palestinian refugees.

      The organization's claims infuriated many Arab Jews in Israel who defined themselves as Zionists. As early as 1975, at the time of WOJAC's formation, Knesset speaker Yisrael Yeshayahu declared: "We are not refugees. [Some of us] came to this country before the state was born. We had messianic aspirations." Shlomo Hillel, a government minister and an active Zionist in Iraq, adamantly opposed the analogy: "I don't regard the departure of Jews from Arab lands as that of refugees. They came here because they wanted to, as Zionists." In a Knesset hearing, Ran Cohen stated emphatically: "I have this to say: I am not a refugee." He added: "I came at the behest of Zionism, due to the pull that this land exerts, and due to the idea of redemption. Nobody is going to define me as a refugee." The opposition was so vociferous that Ora Schweitzer, chair of WOJAC's political department, asked the organization's secretariat to end its campaign. She reported that members of Strasburg's Jewish community were so offended that they threatened to boycott organization meetings should the topic of "Sephardi Jews as refugees" ever come up again. Such remonstration precisely predicted the failure of the current organization, Justice for Jews from Arab Countries to inspire enthusiasm for its efforts.

      Also alarmed by WOJAC's stridency, the Foreign Ministry proposed that the organization bring its campaign to a halt on the grounds that the description of Arab Jews as refugees was a double-edged sword. Israel, ministry officials pointed out, had always adopted a stance of ambiguity on the complex issue raised by WOJAC. In 1949, Israel even rejected a British-Iraqi proposal for population exchange - Iraqi Jews for Palestinian refugees - due to concerns that it would subsequently be asked to settle "surplus refugees" within its own borders. The foreign minister deemed WOJAC a Phalangist, zealous group, and asked that it cease operating as a "state within a state." In the end, the ministry closed the tap on the modest flow of funds it had transferred to WOJAC. Then justice minister Yossi Beilin fired Yaakov Meron from the Arab legal affairs department. Today, no serious researcher in Israel or overseas embraces WOJAC's extreme claims.

      Moreover, WOJAC, which intended to promote Zionist claims and assist Israel in its conflict with Palestinian nationalism, accomplished the opposite: It presented a confused Zionist position regarding the dispute with the Palestinians, and infuriated many Mizrahi Jews around the world by casting them as victims bereft of positive motivation to immigrate to Israel. WOJAC subordinated the interests of Mizrahi Jews (particularly with regard to Jewish property in Arab lands) to what it erroneously defined as Israeli national interests. The organization failed to grasp that defining Mizrahi Jews as refugees opens a Pandora's box and ultimately harms all parties to the dispute, Jews and Arabs alike.

      The State of Israel, the World Jewish Congress and other Jewish rganizations learned nothing from this woeful legacy. Hungry for a magic solution to the refugee question, they have adopted the refugee analogy and are lobbying for it all over the world. It would be interesting to hear the education minister's reaction to the historical narrative presented nowadays by these Jewish organizations. Should Yael Tamir establish a committee of ministry experts to revise school textbooks in accordance with this new post-Zionist genre?

      Any reasonable person, Zionist or non-Zionist, must acknowledge that the analogy drawn between Palestinians and Arab Jews is unfounded. Palestinian refugees did not want to leave Palestine. Many Palestinian communities were destroyed in 1948, and some 700,000 Palestinians were expelled, or fled, from the borders of historic Palestine. Those who left did not do so of their own volition. In contrast, Arab Jews arrived to Israel under the initiative of the State of Israel and Jewish organizations. Some arrived of their own free will; others arrived against their will. Some lived comfortably and securely in Arab lands; others suffered from fear and oppression.

      The history of this immigration is complex, and cannot be subsumed within a facile explanation. Many of the newcomers lost considerable property, and there can be no question that they should be allowed to submit individual property claims against Arab states (up to the present day, the State of Israel and WOJAC have blocked the submission of claims on this basis). The unfounded, immoral analogy between Palestinian refugees and Mizrahi immigrants needlessly embroils members of these two groups in a dispute, degrades the dignity of many Arab Jews, and harms prospects for genuine Jewish-Arab reconciliation.

      Jewish anxieties about discussing the question of 1948 are understandable. But this question will be addressed in the future, and it is clear that any peace agreement will
      have to contain a solution to the refugee problem. It's reasonable to assume that as final status agreements between Israelis and Palestinians are reached, an international fund will be formed with the aim of compensating Palestinian refugees for the hardships caused them by the establishment of the State of Israel. Israel will surely be asked to contribute generously to such a fund.

      In this connection, the idea of reducing compensation obligations by designating Arab Jews as refugees might become very tempting. But it is wrong to use scarecrows to chase away politically and morally valid claims advanced by Palestinians. The "creative accounting" manipulation concocted by the refugee analogy only adds insult to injury, and widens the psychological gap between Jews and Palestinians. Palestinians might abandon hopes of redeeming a right of return (as, for example, Palestinian pollster Dr. Khalil Shikai claims); but this is not a result to be adduced via creative accounting.

      Any peace agreement (which seems now far then ever) must be validated by Israeli recognition of past wrongs and suffering, and the forging of a just solution. The creative accounts proposed by the refugee analogy by the Israeli Ministry of Justice and Jewish organizations turns Israel into a morally and politically spineless bookkeeper.

      Yehouda Shenhav is a professor at Tel Aviv University and the editor of Theory Criticism, an Israeli journal in the area of critical theory and cultural studies. He is the author of The Arab Jews, Stanford University Press, 2006.

      Originally published in SHU 239, December 13, 2006

  • The 'special relationship' and the arms race
    • The interests of the arms dealers and big oil are completely at odds in the Middle East. The oil companies want stability. An arms race in the ME would be profoundly destabilizing.

      But the Israel Lobby trumps big oil and arms dealing with the qualification that the Chicago-based Crown family (General Dynamics) is part of the Israel Lobby and one of Obama's puppet-masters.

      The 30 billion dollars in advanced aircraft and support equipment will be manned by Americans. Pretending that the stuff will be in Saudi hands is just a way of preventing criticism that the US military is operating in Saudi Arabia.

      More US military equipment in Israel and Saudia supports Zionist and not American interests.

      BTW, referring to the 1975 writings of a petroleum economist is misleading to say the least. The oil markets work completely differently today.

  • Power struggle has begun inside Democratic Party over nature of US-Israel relationship
    • Saving American political culture requires stronger medicine. Political discourse in the USA will not be free and open until anti-Zionism is viewed as at least as acceptable as pro-Israel politics.

      Until the US government acknowledges the legitimacy of anti-Zionism, at the very least FBI harassment and political prosecutions of Muslim citizens will continue.

      At the very least it is completely inappropriate for the Under Secretary for Terrorism and Financial Intelligence to be a Zionist subversive and "card carrying" member of the Zionist political economic elite: http://www.treasury.gov/about/organizational-structure/Pages/cohen-e.aspx#.TwGu1fBI60M.facebook .

  • Neoconservative responsibility for the Iraq war
    • Just a note on A Clean Break --

      A Clean Break: A New Strategy for Securing the Realm was prepared for the Institute for Advanced Strategic and Political Studies (IASPS) in Jerusalem.

      The biography of David Yerushalmi on the website of the IASPS in Jerusalem provides some information on the money connection:

      From the Institute's founding, Yerushalmi took a leading role as a substantial financial contributor, in addition to serving on the Board of Trustees for over a decade and as Chairman for more than five years. In 1991, teaming up with the Institute's policy experts, Yerushalmi was instrumental in establishing the Israel Export Development Co., Ltd., as an entrepreneurial policy tool to initiate radical free market reforms in Israel. Working along side fellow board members and shareholders such as Robert Tishman, Jerry Speyer, Larry Silverstein, Lawrence Tisch, Eugene Grant and Sy Syms, Yerushalmi was appointed the company's CEO and Chairman.

  • Arendt: Born in conflict, Israel will degenerate into Sparta, and American Jews will need to back away
    • If I am not mistaken, a major topic of the 1905 Zionist conference was the Ottoman Empire and how it impeded Zionist goals.

      The British Rothschilds were very keen on the dismantlement of the Ottoman Empire because they viewed it as an impediment to access to Mesopotamian oil.

      Is it mere chance that the Balfour declaration was addressed to Lord Walter Rothschild when it had become so clear that Zionist needs and the Rothschild oil strategy had become congruent.

      Note also that oil production and distribution was a Jewish niche industry in the Czarist Empire.

      The French Rothschilds, who had contracts with the Czarist government for oil industry development, viewed Zionism as an escape valve on Czarist Jewish radicalism while the British Rothschilds saw a value in bringing Czarist Jewish oil workers to Palestine.

      When Herbert Samuel became the first High Commissioner for Mandatory Palestine, some of his first priorities were a pipeline from Mesopotamia (Mosul) to Palestine (Haifa) and a railway from Mesopotamia (Bagdad) to Palestine (Haifa).

      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mosul%E2%80%93Haifa_oil_pipeline

    • When I was a Harvard undergrad back in the middle 70s ('77), Jewish studies specialists referred to the myth of Jewish powerlessness. Scholarly understanding and pop history diverge with respect to Jews.

  • Real News Video: JNF 'Judaizes' expropriated land
    • BTW, it was a Judaic synagogue in the 6th century. Rabbinic Judaism did not crystallize until the 10th century thanks to the efforts of Saadyah Gaon and his colleagues.

      The members of the 6th century Tzippori Judaic community might have been closer to Karaitism than to Rabbinic Judaism. In any case their descendants almost certainly became Muslims whose descendants were almost certainly ethnically cleansed by E. European ethnic Ashkenazi colonial settlers, whose ancestors were almost certainly converts of E. European or Southern Russian origin.

  • Muslims ban Christmas and rape white women, in latest Latma satire
    • Nguyen may not realize it but he shows how much the new Jewish media recreates the bigotries of the old European Jewish press against Christianity with one qualification. The target nowadays is mostly Islam.

  • When will US State Dep't demand release of 70-year-old Palestinian intellectual in failing health?
    • And the State of Israel routinely engages in state terrorism. As far as I am concerned the PFLP and Hamas are heroes while the vast majority (80%) of American Zionists should be arrested, charge, tried, and convicted with giving material aid to Zionist terrorism.

  • 'Haaretz' columnist says 2-state solution is dead--and global community must help us toward equal rights
    • Phil is confusing ethnicity and religion. The Jews that lived among Arabs were ethnic Arabs while ethnic Ashkenazim had no history of living among Arabs even if they had some minor relations with Muslim Tatars in historic Poland. In recent times ethnic Ashkenazim did not have particularly good relations with Jewish Tatars in historic Poland.

      Thinking that ethnic Ashkenazim would get along with Arabs because some Arabs are Jews is like thinking that Sicilians would get along with Swiss because some Swiss are Roman Catholic.

      The movie Bread and Chocolate starring Giancarlo Giannini depicted the travails of Sicilian migrant workers in Switzerland.

  • Nada, zilch, finito-- the media snowjob of mass proportions
    • A key point of the Naama Haredi conflict articles is being missed.

      We are supposed to sympathize with racist American Jews, who relocate to Israel possibly to live in a home stolen from Palestinians, probably on land stolen from Palestinians, and definitely in a country stolen from Palestinians.

      Little Naama and her crooked American Jewish family should return to the USA, where at least in theory they could not get away with robbing non-Jews.

  • Israel prepares to transfer 70,000 Jerusalem Palestinians to West Bank i.d.'s
    • July 14, 1933 - Nazi Party is declared the only legal party in Germany; Also, Nazis pass Law to strip Jewish immigrants from Poland of their German citizenship.

      [The current Zionist action is more extreme for the colonial invader population is stripping the native population of residence rights step-by-step.]

  • Ron Paul and the left
    • From a parochial American standpoint the alliance with Israel should trump everything else. I calculate the cost of the US alliance with Israel at about $10 trillion. It is hard to identity a greater threat to the USA than the Zionist economic sinkhole.

    • What a difference a context makes!

      Just as 20 years was a different world on racial issues, 100 years ago was a different world on the issue of Jewish conspiracy.

      From Esau's Tears by Lindemann, p. 195.

      The Famous Viennese journalist Karl Kraus saw in Benedikt's Neue Freie Presse the embodiment of unprincipled commercialism, the unscrupulous efforts to manipulate popular opinion, that so troubled many public-spirited observers. It says much about the Austrian scene that Kraus, himself Jewish, was one of the most persistent critics of Jews in Austria. Revealingly, his own style -- intransigent, mocking, sophisticated, and supremely witty -- was precisely the kind of style that anti-Semites considered typically Jewish. He would at any rate have considered the charge that hostility to Jews was based entirely on Gentile fantasy either ludicrous or incomprehensible. As far as he was concerned, Viennese anti-Semitism was without a doubt the result of justified resentment by Gentiles concerning the outrageous antics of Jewish journalists.

      He was by no means alone in that opinion. Friedrich Austerlitz [Jewish socialist writer] further asserted that the Jewish-owned liberal press was concerned to serve Jewish interests, to cover up misdeeds by Jewish capitalists, and to shower with abuse anyone who criticized Jews. Jewish press supremacy, he later observed, "was a conspiracy in favor of the Jews; the legend of the solidarity of all members of the people of Israel was at that time a reality." Austerlitz granted that in the earlier part of the century, when Jews had been oppressed, criticism of their "eccentricities" was inappropirate, but by the latter half of the nineteenth century, when they dominated so much of public life in Austria and when their activities were so often corrupt, criticism was not only appropriate but the duty of all honest observers, Jews and non-Jews.

    • Is this newsletter really worse than the bigotry and prejudice that characterizes Zionism and support for Zionism? The ideas are bad, but hardly worse than the mentality with which Zionism has infected US politics, media, government, academics, and law.

  • Horror of Memories: Reflecting on the third anniversary of the war on Gaza
    • The USA probably subsidies at least half the Israeli GDP at a time when the US economy has been faltering. This ridiculous resource transfer shows the power of the Israel Lobby more than anything else.

  • Two revealing headlines
  • Israeli army policy of calling West Bank 'Judea and Samaria' ups the likelihood of religious conflict
  • Right-wing attack group caught fabricating quotes in effort to smear critics of Israel
    • RE: “Mendacity is endemic to extreme, right-wing Zionism.”

      I don't understand the restriction to right-wing Zionism.

      Zionism is a giant structure, which is composed entirely of lies and which is built on a foundation of total dishonesty.

  • Defense lawyer Lichtman says Palestinians have a 'culture of death'
  • Is portrait of Mark Zuckerberg in 'The Social Network' anti-Semitic?
    • I have the impression that the Winkelvosses have money. In fact, the probably should have skipped talking with the Harvard Office and Technology Development and hired their own IP lawyer to slap an ex parte injunction on Zuckerberg as soon as the initial facebook site went live. It would have cost about $20K and would have been money well-spent.

    • Obviously the Winkelvosses should have bound Zuckerberg with an NDA and a Work for Hire agreement, but under the Universal Commercial Code that is in effect in many US states including Massachusetts, if I am not mistaken, the Winkelvosses had a reasonable presumption that Zuckerberg would not appropriate Winkelvoss proprietary information.

      Summers was the last person to consult on the issue.

      The Winkelvosses should have contacted one of the lawyers at the Harvard Office of Technology Development for advice.

  • Hitchens's Jewishness
    • Jewish ancestry is a good reason to try to cut through the propaganda associated with Jewish history, the Holocaust, and the conflict over Palestine.

      In my family members of the most Jewish branch are also the most critical of Jewish politics and behavior in NA and in the ME.

  • How a comic book healed the wounds of normalization
    • In point of fact Palestinian Jews belonged to several different ethnic groups. Before Zionism ethnic Ashkenazim were one of the smaller ethnic groups among those to which Palestinian Jews might belong.

    • Esther 8:17

      In each and every province and in each and every city, wherever the king's commandment and his decree arrived, there was gladness and joy for the Jews, a feast and a holiday. And many among the peoples of the land became Jews, for the dread of the Jews had fallen on them.

      וּבְכָל־מְדִינָה וּמְדִינָה וּבְכָל־עִיר וָעִיר מְקֹום אֲשֶׁר דְּבַר־הַמֶּלֶךְ וְדָתֹו מַגִּיעַ שִׂמְחָה וְשָׂשֹׂון לַיְּהוּדִים מִשְׁתֶּה וְיֹום טֹוב וְרַבִּים מֵעַמֵּי הָאָרֶץ מִתְיַהֲדִים כִּי־נָפַל פַּחַד־הַיְּהוּדִים עֲלֵיהֶם׃

    • W.Jones is mythographying.

      The Bible in the Book of Esther discusses massive conversion to some form of Judaic religion.

      The vast majority of Judaic populations in the Greco-Roman period had no blood or territorial connection to the Kingdom of Judea.

      The 2nd-3rd century CE Roman historian Lucius Cassius Dio Cocceianus expressly discussed the distinction between the large Judaic population and the small Judean population.

      The Judean population never left its home territory. Eventually its members became Palestinian Christians and Muslims.

      As Seth Schwartz makes clear in Imperialism And Jewish Society, 200 B.C.E. To 640 C.E., Judaism was reconstructed among external Judaic populations after it was shattered in the 2nd century CE.

      Modern Jews have no more Judean ancestry than modern Christians.

      The Zionist settler colonists have no more legitimate rights in Palestine than any other bunch of European settler colonists would.

    • Pure Zionist propaganda.

      It blurs the immense distinction between Eastern European ethnic Ashkenazi invaders whose only connection to Palestine was mythological and the native Jewish Arab population, who generally objected to the Zionist invasion just as much as Muslim or Christian Palestinians.

      Although there was a small resident alien ethnic Ashkenazi population just as there were resident alien ethnic German, ethnic Polish, and ethnic Russian populations these groups had no real ties to the native Christian or Jewish Arab populations.

      The Zionist invader population in Stolen and Occupied Palestine probably most resembles the Algerian pieds noirs.

  • 'If we lived in any other country we'd be honored for this work' -prisoner Ghassan Elashi of Holy Land Foundation
    • The HLF defense made a serious mistake by assuming technical constitutional arguments would trump Zionist subversion of the US legal system.

      An effective approach would focus on the corruption inherent in the definition of Specially Designated Terrorist Entity.

      Then the defense could argue witnesses like Zionist subversive Matthew Levitt or Evan Kohlmann in fact give material aid to Zionist terrorism, which is easily shown to threaten US citizens domestically & throughout the world.

      In fact Kohlmann & Levitt belong to a close-knit Zionist conspiracy engaging in crimes of conspiracy against rights & of seditious conspiracy.

      Doubt could thus be cast on the foundation of the case & on the loyalty of much of the Justice Department staff to the United States of America & to its Constitution.

      Anti-Zionists must aim at putting the entire criminal un-American Zionist conspiracy in jail. Only by breaking the backbone of Zionist subversion can men like Elashi be freed.

    • The HLF defense attorneys made a serious mistake by assuming that technical arguments based on the Constitutional would trump Zionist subversion of the US legal system. (It might work in Massachusetts with Tarek Mehanna but probably nowhere else)

      An effective approach would have focused on the corruption inherent in the definition of Specially Designated Terrorist Entity.

      Then the defense could have argued that witnesses like Zionist subversive Matthew Levitt or Evan Kohlmann in fact give material aid to Zionist terrorism, which can easily be shown to threaten US citizens in the USA and throughout the world.

      In fact Kohlmann and Levitt belong to a close-knit Zionist conspiracy that engages in the crimes of conspiracy against rights and of seditious conspiracy.

      In this way doubt could have been cast on the foundation of the case and on the loyalty of much of the Justice Department staff to the United States of America and to its Constitution.

      It is possible that the Mehanna case may mark a turning point but it would not be enough, for the primary goal of progressive anti-Zionists should not merely be freeing patriots like Elashi but to put the entire un-American Zionist conspiracy including Levitt, Kohlmann, Pipes, Saban, Adelson, Foxman and many others in jail.

  • David Remnick erases Norman Finkelstein
    • In point of fact Displaced Persons were forced to Palestine against their will in the aftermath of WW2.

      Yosef Grodzinsky investigates the origin of the equation of Judaism with Zionism in his book In the Shadow of the Holocaust, The Struggle Between Jews and Zionists in the Aftermath of World War II. He found

      (1) that the idea can be traced to Zionist education at least as far back as the 1930s and

      (2) that both the international organized Jewish community and the WW2 Allies acquiesced in this idea when the Zionist leadership of Palestine in concert with Zionists in the DP camps thwarted the evacuation of Jewish children to Britain in 1945 and began drafting adult male Jewish Holocaust survivors as cannon fodder in the Zionist program of stealing Palestine from the native population.

      Not only do accusations of anti-Semitism in the equation of Jew and Zionist provide a tactical benefit in Israel advocacy, but they also serve the deeper purpose of concealing the fundamental inhumanity of Zionism toward Jews in the sacrifice of the interests of Holocaust survivors to the interests of the Zionist movement.

      While the first Zionist principle postulates that Jews may plunder and kill non-Jews with impunity, the second principle of Zionism postulates that the Zionist leadership may sacrifice any Jew for the sake of Zionist goals.

    • 100% of the pieds noirs in the world used to live in Algeria. Now none do, and the pied noir identity has mostly vanished with no loss whatsoever and probably a lot of benefit to the world.

      I can safely predict that within one generation no Zionists will live in stolen or occupied Palestine and that within two generations the Zionist identity will almost be completely vanished (as Sabbatian and Frankist identities have almost completely disappeared) with no loss whatsoever and almost certainly a lot benefit to the world.

      The vanishing of Zionist identity will certainly be good for America and Americans will -- I hope -- be able to undo the damage that Zionists have done to the US political, legal, tax, cultural, and academic systems.

    • Galut is not equivalent to the English word exile. Galut has a root concept of exposure (to vicissitudes). In the Talmudic period the idea expanded to include subjugation (to injustice) and ultimately (spiritual) alienation.

      The idea that Jews were in physical exile comes from Christianity and should be credited to Augustine.

      When conversos left Spain and Portugal to return to Judaism, they often brought confused Catholic ideas into the community (easy because they themselves were experiencing physical exile) and created a mishmash theology. This mishmash may be the ultimate source of Sabbatian ideas, which included a large component that can be termed concretization of the spiritual.

      This sort of nonsense spread to other Jewish communities that former conversos joined or that were under the influence of Sabbatianism or later under the influence of the derivative Frankist movement.

    • Witty's ignorance of Judaism could fill the Rose Bowl, and his slicing and dicing of Judaism to justify Zionist crimes puts him in the ethical category of the serial killer.

      Eventual return to Zion was never a fundamental component of any Judaic religious current. The sages of the Talmudic, Geonic, and Rabbinic religious currents in particular reinterpreted shuvah (return) in terms of teshuvah (repentance) -- something that seems completely alien to Witty's despicable worldview.

      From Pesikta Rabati, Shabbat v'Rosh Chodesh 2, we learn that when the Messiah comes, the holiness of the Holy of Holies will encompass the whole Temple, the holiness of the Temple will encompass all Jerusalem, the holiness of Jerusalem will encompass the whole land of Israel and the holiness of the whole land of Israel will encompass the entire world.

      Thus in the Messianic period no Jew need relocate to the Land of Israel to live in the holiness of the Land of Israel.

      Witty should read Zechariah 14.

      If we wish to apply it to current events, Zionists, who represent anti-Judaism and who come from all the nations to terrorize, to plunder, and to kill the Palestinians, who are the descendants of ancient Judeans, "gather ... against Jerusalem to battle; and the city shall be taken, and the houses rifled, and the women ravished; and half of the city shall go forth into captivity, but the residue of the people [the Palestinians] shall not be cut off from the city. Then shall the LORD go forth, and fight against those nations [the criminal Zionist conglomeration], as when He fighteth in the day of battle."

    • The wikipedia article is confused.

      There was no galut rom.

      The Magnes Zionist explains the issue in http://www.jeremiahhaber.com/2007/07/no-rivkele-there-wasnt-roman-exile-of.html .

      The Greco-Roman Judaic populations outside of Palestine were almost entirely descendants of converts, who had no ancestors that had ever lived anywhere in the territory of the Kingdom of Judea.

      The Roman historian Dio Cassius wrote about this situation in the late 2nd/early 3rd century.

      The Talmudic current of Judaism was thoroughly deterritorialized by the completion of the Jerusalem Talmud. One could make a good case that Talmudic sages were responding to the needs of the Diaspora convert Judaic populations that were funding the Talmudic centers of learning in Palestine and in Babylonia because Palestinian Judaism (and especially its funding system associated with the pilgrimage cycle) had been shattered in the aftermath of the defeat of the Bar Kochba rebellion.

      Here is a summary of the research I was doing while I was an undergraduate at Harvard.

      [The reaction to my first three hypotheses below convinced me that I probably had no future in Jewish studies. I have the impression that nowadays my ideas are much closer to the mainstream.]

      The hypotheses were:

      1. Classical Greco-Roman Judean and (convert) Judaic populations must be distinguished. Palestinians descend from the native Judean population while (convert) Judaic populations are the foundation of Medieval and modern Jewish populations.

      Hellenistic Judaism arises as a development of the Greek colonies planted in Palestine in the wake of Alexander's conquests, for the descendants of the Greek colonists began to practice Judaic religion and then began to emigrate to Alexandria and other parts of the Hellenistic world to create the Greek-speaking Judaic Diaspora communities, which then sent funds to the Jerusalem Temple for sacrifices.

      Not only could Greek-speaking Judeans emigrating to the Diaspora find scriptural justification for taking pagan wives in the Book of Ruth, but the Book of Esther could also be read to rationalize proselytizing gentiles.

      The later Hasmoneans and the Herodians seem to have developed some awareness that Judaizing pagans increased the wealth and power of Kingdom of Judea especially if the Kings of Judea came to be perceived by Romans and Greeks as the Judaic Kings and if the Diaspora Judaic populations could be persuaded to send contributions to the Jerusalem Temple.

      According to the Latin texts, the title of the ruler of Judea develops from Rex Iudaeae (King of Judea) to Rex Iudaeus (Judean King) and finally to Rex Iudaicus (Judaic King).

      The Gospels indicate another possible title. Jesus is called Jesus Nazarenus, Rex Iudaeorum (Ἰησοῦς ὁ Ναζωραῖος ὁ βασιλεὺς τῶν Ἰουδαίων), which means Jesus the Nazarene King of the Judeans.

      An expansion of the Greek-speaking Diaspora dovetailed with road and port building within Judea as well as

      (a) with the expansion of the Temple complex,

      (b) with the earliest beginnings of a Judaic trade network connecting the Greco-Roman Judaic communities to those of the Persian-Aramaic regions , and

      (c) with the development of the intellectual culture of Ioudaismos that could either rival or complement Hellenismos.

      John 4:22 might be an oblique or garbled reference to Judaic proselytization.

      ὑμεῖς προσκυνεῖτε ὁ οὐκ οἴδατε· ἡμεῖς προσκυνοῦμεν ὃ οἴδαμεν, ὅτιἡ σωτηρία ἐκ τῶν Ἰουδαίων ἐστίν.

      KJV

      Ye worship ye know not what we know what we worship for salvation is of the Jews

      I think there is a material difference in Greek between

      ὅτι ἡ σωτηρία ἐκ τῶν Ἰουδαίων ἐστίν (Septuagint)

      for salvation is from the Jews (KJV: of the Jews)

      and

      ὅτι ἡ σωτηρία τοις Ιουδαίοις ἐστίν

      for salvation is to/for/of the Jews

      The later is more consistent with Septuagint conceptualization and phraseology.

      Here is a use of σωτηρία (salvation) from Obadiah.

      1:17 ᾿Εν δὲ τῷ ὄρει Σιὼν ἔσται ἡ σωτηρία, καὶ ἔσται ἅγιον· καὶ κατακληρονομήσουσιν ὁ οἶκος ᾿Ιακὼβ τοὺς κατακληρονομήσαντας αὐτούς.

      But upon mount Zion shall be deliverance and there shall be holiness and the house of Jacob shall possess their possessions

      Esther 4:14 provides a grammatical construction that should be compared with John 4:22.

      ὡς ὅτι ἐὰν παρακούσῃς ἐν τούτῳ τῷ καιρῷ ἄλλοθεν βοήθεια καὶ σκέπη ἔσται τοῖς ιουδαίοις σὺ δὲ καὶ ὁ οἶκος τοῦ πατρός σου ἀπολεῖσθε καὶ τίς οἶδεν εἰ εἰς τὸν καιρὸν τοῦτον ἐβασίλευσας

      For if thou altogether holdest thy peace at this time, then shall there enlargement and deliverance arise (will be) to the Jewsfrom another place; but thou and thy father's house shall be destroyed: and who knoweth whether thou art come to the kingdom for such a time as this?

      In other words John 4:22 can be read to suggest that Judeans are bringing salvation to non-Judeans and are not merely the beneficiaries of salvation, which is the more usual Old Testament/Hebrew Bible conceptualization. (According to the normal Christian interpretation Jesus is referring to himself.)

      If Judaic proselytization targeted gentiles as Romans and Greeks seemed to believe, the apostle Paul had good reason to reject requiring a pagan to practice Judaism before he became a follower of Jesus because a gentile convert to Judaism might join a Judaic community and never take the final step to Christianity. (The subtext of the Paul's disagreement with other early Judean Christians may have been economic. The Jerusalem church under the control of Jesus' family was running out of money.)

      Thus Hasmonean and Herodian period Judaic proselytization

      (a) may haved served as a model or competitor for early Christian missionaries and

      (b) may also have made it possible to reconstruct Judaism in the Diaspora after Second Temple Judaism is shattered in Judea with the crushing of the Bar Kokhba Rebellion.

      Constantinian Christianity crystallizes in the 4th century. Islam seems to be a reaction among some Judaic and Judean Christians to "idolatrous" ideas incorporated in Christianity while Rabbinic Judaism crystalizes (out of the geonic/talmudic Judaic religious current) at least in part as a reaction to the growth of Islam.

      2. Peripheral Romano-Frankish, Romano-Arabic, and Turko-Slavic populations constructed the Medieval world.

      Romano-Franks created the Medieval Christian West.

      Romano-Arabs created the Medieval Islamic East.

      Turko-Slavs and the last Geonim created the Medieval Jewish trade networks, (a) which were the "territory" of Medieval Rabbinic Judaism and (b) without which the Medieval world did not function economically.

      For a long period the Medieval Jewish trade networks were the main source of Slavic slaves, who played such a large role throughout Medieval Europe and Islam that many modern languages still use derivatives of the word slav to mean slave.

      As a corollary to this Jewish slave trade, many Jews went into medicine because Jewish slave dealers needed to make sure that their "stock" was in reasonably good health.

      Because purchases of slaves often had to be financed, the Jewish slave trade also gave a big incentive to the development of Jewish lending and banking businesses.

      3. Nineteenth century Jews inherited a superior form of social networking from the international Jewish trade networks of the Middle Ages.

      Even though pre-modern forms of Jewish business activity were in decline since the late 18th century, the associated Jewish networks of trust increased in size and cohesiveness with the development of international telecommunications technology and the growth of the associated international media industries in the 19th century.

      At the same time, (1) because Jewish population was growing rapidly, (2) because many traditional Jewish economic niches had become obsolete, and (3) because more non-Jews had begun to enter traditionally Jewish types of business, Jewish social networks were becoming more aggressive and often tried to establish effectively exclusive claim to new economic sectors.

      Increasing numbers of non-Jews began to view Jews as economic cheaters, and despite self-serving Jewish efforts to blame Christianity for rising hostility toward Jews (in an era of declining religious belief!), classic late 19th anti-Semitism was really a response to the growing effectiveness of Jewish social networking and can be primarily attributed to antisocial Jewish behavior associated with certain aspects of economic modernization and technological innovation that advantaged the Jewish meta-population.

      4. Political science and the historical discussion of the nature of the nation are too restrictive because they assume that the elemental nation-state must be consolidated on the basis of a territory and language.

      From the early 19th century onward Jewish communities undergo a process of virtual national consolidation on a foundation with two key components.

      The first component consisted of the remnants of pre-modern Jewish trade networks that had been constructed around a common faith requiring a commitment to Jewish sacred law. Jewish sacred law (or Halakhah) provided a uniform commercial code that regulated Jewish networks of trust in mercantile and financial industries.

      The second component was a new national consciousness associated with the new idea of a Jewish Volk that must take possession and control of Palestine even if the vast majority of Jews never migrate there.

      Evolving (and somewhat different) political and economic interests of Western, Central and Eastern European Jews worked together to create the Zionist Virtual Colonial Motherland

      (a) that partnered with the UK and

      (b) that managed the New Settlement and now the State of Israel as a colonial dependency.

      Since the end of the British Mandatory, the Zionist colonial system has evolved into a vastly profitable mostly financial empire that has rendered the US government an intimidated and dependent client state within an extremely flexible imperial system.

    • The invention of Zionism should probably be dated to 1861/1862 when Moses Hess published Rome and Jerusalem, The Last National Question.

    • So what? The entire pied noir population of Algeria left with Algerian independence.

      Once the Zionist settler colonists are given the choice either of leaving or of living on terms of mutual respect and equality with the native population that they have wronged for more than a century, there is no reason to doubt that at least 90% of the Zionist population will leave.

      Given the crimes that Zionists have committed over the last century, it would be hard to call such an outcome either wrong or particularly harsh.

    • Obviously Jonah either has no clue about Judaism or is simply another mendacious masbir (propagandist).

      Bashanah habaah birushalayim is simply a wish that the Messiah will come to rebuild the Temple so that the pilgrimage cycle can resume.

      It is no more an expression of desire for Jews to colonize Palestine than the Hajj is an express of desire for Muslims to colonize Saudi Arabia.

    • "N" is a weak consonant in Hebrew/Aramaic and often assimilates to the following consonant. It is probable that all three names are Angelos/Angelus/Angelo.

    • Generally, the Judaic translations from Hebrew to Greek try to select specific Greek words to reflect specific Hebrew words.

      The use of laos is significant because Greek-speaking Jews called themselves laos to distinguish themselves from the goyim.

      [BTW, I am always puzzled that the convert translator Onkelos is never called by the name Angelos, of which Onkelos is a phonetic butchering.]

    • Modern Israeli Hebrew uses am to mean people, but such is not the classical usage as the Septuagint shows, for am is consistently translated into Greek as laos (host as in host of Aesculapius -- Hippocrates was a member of this host).

      Goy is the equivalent of Greek ethnos (people or Volk). Am yisrael thus represents a spiritual community and not a people/Volk that should define an (extremist organic) nation-state.

    • "Specifically, that many Arabs migrated to Palestine at the same time as the Zionists began settling. Also, that the status of residence of fedayeen was made very tenuous by the Turkish and then later British land registration requirements, and distribution of “state land” to Turkish officials and elite title."

      Gibberish. Fedayeen means self-sacrificers.

    • As far as I know there is no reference to haam hayehudi in Hebrew or dos yidishes folk (the Jewish people) in Yiddish before the 19th century. Face reality, Witty. The Jewish people is a complete fabrication.

      In fact, in historic Poland, where the vast majority of Jews lived in the 19th century, the claim of a unitary Jewish people that existed since time immemorial was a complete lie because Polish Jews belonged either to the Ashkenazi ethnic group or to the Tatar ethnic group.

      Ashkenazi Jews and Tatar Jews managed to get along before the 19th century but by the 1880s Tatar Jewish criticism of ethnic Ashkenazim was indistinguishable from that of the most anti-Jewish gentiles.

    • Muslims have esteemed Jerusalem intensely since it first came under Islamic rule, and the city was an intellectual, spiritual and pilgramage center for the whole Muslim world. In contrast, since the 10th century at least (probably earlier) Jerusalem has had much more importance for Jews as a spiritual concept than as a physical place.

      Vilna was the Jerusalem of Lithuania. Thessalonika was la chica Yerushalayim. Amsterdam was the Jerusalem of the North. And Zakho was the Jerusalem of Kurdistan. While for Palestinians there is only one Jerusalem, it probably would not be hard to come up with 50-100 cities that Jews called Jerusalem over the last millennium.

      I could write a nice coffee table book with several interesting chapters on some of the most picturesque of these "Jerusalems."

      The actual physical Jerusalem became, especially for ethnic Ashkenazim, sort of a dumping ground for trouble-makers or eccentrics and not a place of tremendous emotional significance or attachment. A young woman, the Virgin of Ludmir, is getting uppity and trying to play the role of a Tzaddik or Rebbe. The community sends her to Jerusalem in Palestine, and for the most part no one hears of her again.

  • What are they smoking? Wiesenthal Center lumps Abbas appearance at U.N. with 'neo-Nazis and crackpots'
  • Who's creating instability in Southern Lebanon, and why?
    • Why are Annie's suspicions ridiculous? Israel has a history of false flag operations in Iraq and Egypt as well as of a lot espionage activity in Lebanon, Syria, and Jordan.

  • The never-ending double standard
  • Gingrich comment that Palestinians are an 'invented people' enters primary debate
  • Gingrich says Palestinians are an 'invented people'
    • Reuse of gentilics or demonyms is hardly unusual in the European context, and Patrick J. Geary summarizes practice in The Myth of Nations, The Medieval Origins of Europe, pp. 118-119. His analysis applies at least as much to the term Jew (יְהוּדִי) as it applies to any European ethnic name.

      Conclusion: Old Names and New Peoples

      The fourth and fifth centuries saw fundamental changes in the European social and political fabric. In the process, great confederations like those of the Goths disappeared, to re-emerge transformed into kingdoms in Italy and Gaul. Others like the Hunnic Empire or the Vandal kingdom seemed to spring from nowhere, only to vanish utterly in a few generations. Still other, previously obscure peoples, such as the Angles and the Franks, emerged to create enduring polities. But whether enduring or ephemeral, the social realities behind these ethnic names underwent rapid and radical transformation in every case. Whatever a Goth was in the third-century kingdom of Cniva, the reality of a Goth in sixthcentury Spain was far different, in language, religion, political and social organization, even ancestry. The Franks defeated by Emperor Julian in the fourth century and those who followed Clovis into battle in the sixth century were likewise almost immeasurably distant from each other in every possible way. The same was true of the Romans, whose transformation was no less dramatic in the same period. With the constant shifting of allegiances, intermarriages, transformations, and appropriations, it appears that all that remained constant were names, and these were vessels that could hold different contents at different times.

      Names were renewable resources; they held the potential to convince people of continuity, even if radical discontinuity was the lived reality. Old names, whether of ancient peoples like the Goths or Suebi or of illustrious families such as the Amals, could be reclaimed, applied to new circumstances, and used as rallying cries for new powers. Alternatively, names of small, relatively unimportant groups might be expanded with enormous power. The Franks were the most significant of these. In the third century, they were among the least significant of Rome's enemies. By the sixth century, the name Frank had eclipsed not only that of Goth, Vandal, and Sueb, but of Roman itself in much of the West.

      Probably no greater fraud has ever been perpetrated in the history of the human race than Zionism.

      It has corrupted many American Christians, who now believe that the theft of Palestine from the native population by racist genocidal Eastern Europeans represents a fulfilment of eschatological prophesy even though a more reasonable interpretation would equate the exiled Palestinians, who are the descendants of the ancient Judean population, with the population that needs to return with the coming of the Messiah.

    • Another worthwhile investigation into the topic is Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism by Benedict Anderson.

    • Isn't Gingrich supposed to be an historian?

      He needs to read The Invention of the Jewish People by Shlomo Sand and The Myth of Nations by P. J. Geary.

  • State Department says Amb. Gutman was 'speaking on his own'
    • BTW, Alexander Wiens, who killed Marwa al-Sherbini, seems to have been of Jewish ancestry and may even have been a product of Lubavitcher education.

    • It is not clear that fewer Jews or Zionists attack Arabs and Muslims when relative population sizes are taken into account, but even if the claim is true, the Zionist approach produces monsters like Breivik.

    • The comment is simply untrue. Anti-Muslim and anti-Arab Jews simply have a less direct approach in that they prefer

      to use political power to manipulate governments into expelling Muslims & Arabs or into depriving Arabs & Muslims of their citizenship rights,

      to fund politicians like Geert Wilders or political groups to implement Islamophobic political programs or to incite Islamophobia, and

      to employ gatekeepers and facilitators throughout academia and the media to prevent Arabs and Muslims to take part in public discussions over foreign policy or Zionism.

      The velvet-gloved fist of Zionism and Jewish power is much more dangerous to Arabs, Muslims, and non-Jews in general than occasional violent outbursts responding to the latest Zionist atrocity.

  • Another Israeli hankering to be in the Diaspora
    • Political science and the historical discussion of the nature of the nation are too restrictive because they assume that the elemental nation-state must be consolidated on the basis of a territory and language.

      From the early 19th century onward Jewish communities undergo a process of virtual national consolidation on a foundation with two key components.

      The first component consisted of the remnants of pre-modern Jewish trade networks that had been constructed around a common faith requiring a commitment to Jewish sacred law. Jewish sacred law (or Halakhah) provided a uniform commercial code that regulated Jewish networks of trust in mercantile and financial industries.

      The second component was a new national consciousness associated with the idea of a Jewish Volk that must take possession and control of Palestine even if the vast majority of Jews never migrate there.

  • Pappe on why Palestinian Israelis are 'second-rate citizens'
    • The system of discrimination in the State of Israel has more in common with the Czarist Empire or with inter bellum Poland than with pre-tanzimat Ottoman Empire.

    • Apartheid S. Africa provided a sort of partial franchise to certain groups of non-whites, who had their own elective council. Zionists tend to negate the votes of Palestinians within the Knesset and don't bother with giving Israeli Palestinians their own elective council but the similarity of the Apartheid South African and Zionist systems are obvious to anyone bothering to do the research and to make the proper mappings.

  • Bill Kristol says jump, Romney and Gingrich say How high?
    • Can you imagine that Bill Kristol was actually teaching a class to Harvard undergrads a few years ago?

      Charles Sennott and I audited one day. Sennott tried to contain himself, but he had to disagree in front of the whole class with the nonsense Kristol was spewing.

  • 'This is how they drove us out'--Tiberias's exiles recall the Nakba
    • Zionist Special Night Squads had already long been using targeted assassination as a terrorist technique to murder the native leadership and anyone that stood in the way of the program of the Eastern European invaders to steal Palestine from the native population.

  • Why is Charlie Rose hugging Seth Klarman?
  • Pamela Geller's Islamophobia hits new low with Thanksgiving Day smear of dietary laws
    • BTW, that should have been meets the glatt ...

    • There are communities in which the husband pretends to practice Islam but the wife remains Jews. I ran into this phenomenon in Egypt in the 1980s. Generally, Muslim jurisprudents were aware of the possibility of this subterfuge, and there are many fatawa to discourage such semi-conversions.

      For example, if a Jewish employee has a work contract that allows him not to work on the Jewish sabbath and if he converts to Islam, that clause must be voided (a substitution is allowed) in order to prove the veracity of the conversion.

    • At least some of the slaughterhouses that produce glatt kosher meat sell as halal the meat that does not meat glatt kosher standards. If I am not mistaken, this practice was fairly common throughout North African and the ME among Jewish Arabs. (Generally slaughter among non-Ashkenazi Jews meats the glatt [basar halaq] standard.)

  • NPR story on Dead Sea Scrolls makes listener feel like a goose being force-fed Israel propaganda
    • When I was an undergraduate at Harvard, the reaction to my first three hypotheses below convinced me that I probably had no future in Jewish studies.

      The hypotheses were:

      1. Classical Greco-Roman Judean and (convert) Judaic populations must be distinguished. Palestinians descend from the native Judean population while (convert) Judaic populations are the foundation of Medieval and modern Jewish populations.

      Hellenistic Judaism arises as a development of the Greek colonies planted in Palestine in the wake of Alexander's conquests, for the descendants of the Greek colonists began to practice Judaic religion and then began to emigrate to Alexandria and other parts of the Hellenistic world to create the Greek-speaking Judaic Diaspora communities, which then sent funds to the Jerusalem Temple for sacrifices.

      Not only could Greek-speaking Judeans emigrating to the Diaspora find scriptural justification for taking pagan wives in the Book of Ruth, but the Book of Esther could also be read to rationalize proselytizing gentiles.

      The later Hasmoneans and the Herodians seem to have developed some awareness that Judaizing pagans increased the wealth and power of Kingdom of Judea especially if the Kings of Judea came to be perceived by Romans and Greeks as the Judaic Kings and if the Diaspora Judaic populations could be persuaded to send contributions to the Jerusalem Temple.

      According to the Latin texts, the title of the ruler of Judea develops from Rex Iudaeae (King of Judea) to Rex Iudaeus (Judean King) and finally to Rex Iudaicus (Judaic King).

      The Gospels indicate another possible title. Jesus is called Jesus Nazarenus, Rex Iudaeorum (Ἰησοῦς ὁ Ναζωραῖος ὁ βασιλεὺς τῶν Ἰουδαίων), which means Jesus the Nazarene King of the Judeans.

      An expansion of the Greek-speaking Diaspora dovetailed with road and port building within Judea as well as

      * with the expansion of the Temple complex,

      * with the earliest beginnings of a Judaic trade network connecting the Greco-Roman Judaic communities to those of the Persian-Aramaic regions , and

      * with the development of the intellectual culture of Ioudaismos that could either rival or complement Hellenismos.

      John 4:22 might be an oblique or garbled reference to Judaic proselytization.

      ὑμεῖς προσκυνεῖτε ὁ οὐκ οἴδατε· ἡμεῖς προσκυνοῦμεν ὃ οἴδαμεν, ὅτιἡ σωτηρία ἐκ τῶν Ἰουδαίων ἐστίν.

      KJV

      Ye worship ye know not what we know what we worship for salvation is of the Jews

      I think there is a material difference in Greek between

      ὅτι ἡ σωτηρία ἐκ τῶν Ἰουδαίων ἐστίν (Septuagint)
      for salvation is from the Jews (KJV: of the Jews)

      and

      ὅτι ἡ σωτηρία τοις Ιουδαίοις ἐστίν
      for salvation is to/for/of the Jews

      The later is more consistent with Septuagint conceptualization and phraseology.

      Here is a use of σωτηρία (salvation) from Obadiah.

      1:17 ᾿Εν δὲ τῷ ὄρει Σιὼν ἔσται ἡ σωτηρία, καὶ ἔσται ἅγιον· καὶ κατακληρονομήσουσιν ὁ οἶκος ᾿Ιακὼβ τοὺς κατακληρονομήσαντας αὐτούς.

      But upon mount Zion shall be deliverance and there shall be holiness and the house of Jacob shall possess their possessions

      Esther 4:14 provides a grammatical construction that should be compared with John 4:22.

      ὡς ὅτι ἐὰν παρακούσῃς ἐν τούτῳ τῷ καιρῷ ἄλλοθεν βοήθεια καὶ σκέπη ἔσται τοῖς ιουδαίοις σὺ δὲ καὶ ὁ οἶκος τοῦ πατρός σου ἀπολεῖσθε καὶ τίς οἶδεν εἰ εἰς τὸν καιρὸν τοῦτον ἐβασίλευσας
      For if thou altogether holdest thy peace at this time, then shall there enlargement and deliverance arise (will be) to the Jewsfrom another place; but thou and thy father's house shall be destroyed: and who knoweth whether thou art come to the kingdom for such a time as this?

      In other words John 4:22 can be read to suggest that Judeans are bringing salvation to non-Judeans and are not merely the beneficiaries of salvation, which is the more usual Old Testament/Hebrew Bible conceptualization. (According to the normal Christian interpretation Jesus is referring to himself.)

      If Judaic proselytization targeted gentiles as Romans and Greeks seemed to believe, the apostle Paul had good reason to reject requiring a pagan to practice Judaism before he became a follower of Jesus because a gentile convert to Judaism might join a Judaic community and never take the final step to Christianity. (The subtext of the Paul's disagreement with other early Judean Christians may have been economic. The Jerusalem church under the control of Jesus' family was running out of money.)

      Thus Hasmonean and Herodian period Judaic proselytization

      * may haved served as a model or competitor for early Christian missionaries and

      * may also have made it possible to reconstruct Judaism in the Diaspora after Second Temple Judaism is shattered in Judea with the crushing of the Bar Kokhba Rebellion.

      Constantinian Christianity crystallizes in the 4th century. Islam seems to be a reaction among some Judaic and Judean Christians to "idolatrous" ideas incorporated in Christianity while Rabbinic Judaism crystalizes at least in part as a reaction to the growth of Islam.

      2. Peripheral Romano-Frankish, Romano-Arabic, and Turko-Slavic populations constructed the Medieval world.

      Romano-Franks created the Medieval Christian West.

      Romano-Arabs created the Medieval Islamic East.

      Turko-Slavs and the last Geonim created the Medieval Jewish trade networks, (a) which were the "territory" of Medieval Rabbinic Judaism and (b) without which the Medieval world did not function economically.

      For a long period the Medieval Jewish trade networks were the main source of Slavic slaves, who played such a large role throughout Medieval Europe and Islam that many modern languages still use derivatives of the word slav to mean slave.

      As a corollary to this Jewish slave trade, many Jews went into medicine because Jewish slave dealers needed to make sure that their "stock" was in reasonably good health.

      Because purchases of slaves often had to be financed, the Jewish slave trade also gave a big incentive to the development of Jewish lending and banking businesses.

      3. Nineteenth century Jews inherited a superior form of social networking from the international Jewish trade networks of the Middle Ages.

      Even though pre-modern forms of Jewish business activity were in decline since the late 18th century, the associated Jewish networks of trust increased in size and cohesiveness with the development of international telecommunications technology and the growth of the associated international media industries in the 19th century.

      At the same time, (1) because Jewish population was growing rapidly, (2) because many traditional Jewish economic niches had become obsolete, and (3) because more non-Jews had begun to enter traditionally Jewish types of business, Jewish social networks were becoming more aggressive and often tried to establish effectively exclusive claim to new economic sectors.

      Increasing numbers of non-Jews began to view Jews as economic cheaters, and despite self-serving Jewish efforts to blame Christianity for rising hostility toward Jews (in an era of declining religious belief!), classic late 19th anti-Semitism was really a response to the growing effectiveness of Jewish social networking and can be primarily attributed to antisocial Jewish behavior associated with certain aspects of economic modernization and technological innovation that advantaged the Jewish meta-population.

      4. Political science and the historical discussion of the nature of the nation are too restrictive because they assume that the elemental nation-state must be consolidated on the basis of a territory and language.

      From the early 19th century onward Jewish communities undergo a process of virtual national consolidation on a foundation with two key components.

      The first component consisted of the remnants of pre-modern Jewish trade networks that had been constructed around a common faith requiring a commitment to Jewish sacred law. Jewish sacred law (or Halakhah) provided a uniform commercial code that regulated Jewish networks of trust in mercantile and financial industries.

      The second component was a new national consciousness associated with the new idea of a Jewish Volk that must take possession and control of Palestine even if the vast majority of Jews never migrate there.

      Evolving (and somewhat different) political and economic interests of Western, Central and Eastern European Jews worked together to create the Zionist Virtual Colonial Motherland

      (1) that partnered with the UK and

      (2) that managed the New Settlement and now the State of Israel as a colonial dependency.

      Since the end of the British Mandatory, the Zionist colonial system has evolved into a vastly profitable mostly financial empire that has rendered the US government an intimidated and dependent client state within an extremely flexible imperial system.

    • Reuse of gentilics or demonyms is hardly unusual in the European context, and Patrick J. Geary summarizes practice in The Myth of Nations, The Medieval Origins of Europe, pp. 118-119. His analysis applies at least as much to the term Jew (יְהוּדִי) as it applies to any European ethnic name.

      Conclusion: Old Names and New Peoples

      The fourth and fifth centuries saw fundamental changes in the European social and political fabric. In the process, great confederations like those of the Goths disappeared, to re-emerge transformed into kingdoms in Italy and Gaul. Others like the Hunnic Empire or the Vandal kingdom seemed to spring from nowhere, only to vanish utterly in a few generations. Still other, previously obscure peoples, such as the Angles and the Franks, emerged to create enduring polities. But whether enduring or ephemeral, the social realities behind these ethnic names underwent rapid and radical transformation in every case. Whatever a Goth was in the third-century kingdom of Cniva, the reality of a Goth in sixthcentury Spain was far different, in language, religion, political and social organization, even ancestry. The Franks defeated by Emperor Julian in the fourth century and those who followed Clovis into battle in the sixth century were likewise almost immeasurably distant from each other in every possible way. The same was true of the Romans, whose transformation was no less dramatic in the same period. With the constant shifting of allegiances, intermarriages, transformations, and appropriations, it appears that all that remained constant were names, and these were vessels that could hold different contents at different times.

      Names were renewable resources; they held the potential to convince people of continuity, even if radical discontinuity was the lived reality. Old names, whether of ancient peoples like the Goths or Suebi or of illustrious families such as the Amals, could be reclaimed, applied to new circumstances, and used as rallying cries for new powers. Alternatively, names of small, relatively unimportant groups might be expanded with enormous power. The Franks were the most significant of these. In the third century, they were among the least significant of Rome's enemies. By the sixth century, the name Frank had eclipsed not only that of Goth, Vandal, and Sueb, but of Roman itself in much of the West.

      Probably no greater fraud has ever been perpetrated in the history of the human race than Zionism.

      It has corrupted many American Christians, who now believe that the theft of Palestine from the native population by racist genocidal Eastern Europeans represents a fulfilment of eschatological prophesy even though a more reasonable interpretation would equate the exiled Palestinians, who are the descendants of the ancient Judean population, with the population that needs to return with the coming of the Messiah.

    • From the Khaleej Times

      http://www.khaleejtimes.com/DisplayArticle.asp?xfile=data/opinion/2009/May/opinion_May122.xml&section=opinion&col

      Israel Steals Palestinian Heritage, History Karin Friedemann (LETTER FROM AMERICA)

      25 May 2009 Palestinian Authority Prime Minister Salam Fayad has made a formal complaint to the Canadian government regarding the intention of Toronto’s Royal Ontario Museum to collaborate with the Israel Antiquities Authority to host “Dead Sea Scrolls: Words that Changed the World” from June 27 to January 3, 2010.
      Palestinian Archaeological Department Director-General Hamdan Taha explains, “The exhibition would entail exhibiting or displaying artifacts removed from the Palestinian territories... I think it is important that Canadian institutions would be 
responsible and act in accordance with Canada’s obligations.”

      The Israeli exhibition violates international conventions or protocols that Canada has ratified and that protect cultural property during armed conflict. The State of Israel seized the Jordanian-owned Rockefeller Museum in Jerusalem in 1967 to take possession of the scrolls and has continued to loot similar Palestinian cultural property from the Occupied Territories ever since. Under the 1970 Convention on the Means of Prohibiting and Preventing the Illicit Import, Export and Transfer of Ownership of Cultural Property and the 1954 Hague Convention along with its two associated protocols, Canada is legally obliged “to take appropriate steps to recover and return any such cultural property” at the request of 
the wronged party.

      The Dead Sea Scrolls exhibition is part of Israel’s effort to re-brand itself. According to The Economist, American Jewish groups and Israeli diplomats are trying to create the perception of Israel as “hip, cool, cultured, fun and creative.” The campaign has included placing sexually suggestive advertisements in Maxim and other men’s magazines.

      Harvard Professor Stephen Walt suggests in his Foreign Policy blog that the re-branding effort is foredoomed to failure: “Restoring Israel’s image in the West isn’t a matter of spin or PR or ‘re-branding;’ it’s a matter of abandoning the policies that have cost it the sympathy it once enjoyed. It’s really just 
about that simple.”

      The archaeological component of the propaganda campaign, however, uses subliminal suggestion to bypass such political arguments. A top Israeli re-branding advocate argues, “[Let’s] get to that first stage when people associate Israel with science and music and archaeology...Then we’ll take it 
from there.”

      In Facts on the Ground Columbia Professor Nadia Abu Al Haj writes, “In the context of Israel and Palestine, archaeology emerged as a central scientific discipline because of the manner in which colonial settlement was configured in a language of, and a belief in, Jewish national return.” Even though asserting ownership to a country after absence of 2000 years is preposterous, Israel’s theft of Palestine from the native population is popularly legitimised through the claim that today’s Jews descend from inhabitants of Greco-Roman Judea.

      According to New York Times Reporters Ethan Bonner and Isabel Kershner in “Parks Fortify Israel’s Claim to Jerusalem,” “[There] is a battle for historical legitimacy. As part of the effort, archaeologists are finding indisputable evidence of ancient Jewish life here.”

      This claim is nonsense.

      Intellectuals of Jewish origin in 19th century Germany, influenced by the folk character of German nationalism, invented their folk narratives ‘retrospectively,’ out of a thirst to create a modern Jewish people, argues Tel Aviv University Professor Shlomo Sand, author of How and When the Jewish People Was Invented.

      There is no single founder population for modern Jewry any more than there is a single founder population for modern Christians or modern Muslims. Late ancient and early medieval texts describe an ethnically diverse collection of communities associated with proselytizing pre-Rabbinic Judaism.

      In English to use the word Jew is anachronistic before the 10th century when medieval Rabbinic Judaism crystallised thanks to the efforts of Saadyah Gaon (Sa‘îd bin Yûsuf al-Fayyûmi) and his colleagues.

      With the revolutionary codification of Rabbinic law these communities became part of a vast trade network that spanned the Christian and Muslim world and that extended into China and began to exchange members on a large scale. The main population-exporting region seems to have been located in territories near the Black Sea.

      Current genetic anthropological findings based on DNA analysis indicate that the male ancestors of Yiddish Jewry were of Eastern European and non-Levantine Southwest Asian origin while the female ancestors were Eastern Europeans.

      Sand admits, “[The] chances that the Palestinians are descendants of the ancient Judaic people are much greater than the chances that you or I [meaning Israeli Jews] are its descendents.”

      The Palestinians’ ancestors created the Hasmonean Kingdom, composed the Hebrew Bible, followed Jesus, wrote the New Testament, compiled the Mishnah, and redacted the Jerusalem Talmud. The Palestinian people constitute the living link to the earliest beginnings of the heritage from the Torah and Gospel.

      Zionists are almost pitiable, for they are so ashamed of their own history that they have usurped one belonging to another people. When the Israeli government sends the Dead Sea Scrolls to Canada, by its own law Canada must turn them over to their rightful owners — the Palestinian people.

      Karin Friedemann is a Boston-based writer on Middle East affairs and US politics. She is Director of the Division on Muslim Civil Rights and Liberties for the National Association of Muslim American Women. Joachim Martillo contributed to this article.

  • Occupy Wall Street and the struggle over Israel/Palestine
    • Aid to Israel is not the correct number. The correct variable on which we should concentrate is the cost of Israel to the USA in today's dollars. I have looked at the numbers for about a decade. It is quite probable that the cost of Israel to USA in constant dollars is at least $9 trillion. The USA probably subsidizes at least half the Israeli GDP.

  • 'Adbusters' seeks right of reply to 'NYT''s smear of anti-Semitism and fails to get it
    • The NY Times and affiliated newspapers are distributed in the UK. The libel of anti-Semitism can cause material damage to an organization. Adbusters should file a libel suit in the UK against the NY Times. It would probably be worthwhile to attempt penetration of the corporate veil. In any case, the NY Times almost certainly has assets in the UK that could be seized if Adbusters won.

  • The Department of Corrections: Ben-Hur, the LA Times & a place called Palestine
    • BTW, Jesus was the subject of the non-Judean King of Judea, but Jesus was himself Galilean.

    • Latin and Greek sources often refer to Judeans as Palestinians. I think the authors were trying to avoid the confusion that resulted because the rulers of Judea often were not Judeans themselves and these rulers ruled non-Judean territories.

      One can speak about Judaic populations outside of Judea like the Judaic community of Alexandria, but the terms Jew or Jewish should restricted to the time period after Saadyah Gaon (i.e., the 10th century CE).

  • Mourning the Jewish New Year
  • Buttu, Erakat, Dajani, Rabbani and Abunimah respond to UN speeches
    • Since the 10th century at least (probably earlier) Jerusalem has had much more importance for Jews as a spiritual concept than as a physical place.

      Vilna was the Jerusalem of Lithuania. Thessalonika was la chica Yerushalayim. Amsterdam was the Jerusalem of the North. While for Palestinians there is only one Jerusalem, it probably would not be hard to come up with 50-100 cities that Jews called Jerusalem over the last millennium.

      I could write a nice coffee table book with several interesting chapters on some of the most picturesque of these "Jerusalems."

      The actual physical Jerusalem became, especially for ethnic Ashkenazim, sort of a dumping ground for trouble-makers or eccentrics and not a place of tremendous emotional significance or attachment. A young woman, the Virgin of Ludmir, is getting uppity and trying to play the role of a Tzaddik or Rebbe. The community sends her to Jerusalem in Palestine, and for the most part no one hears of her again.

    • Since the immigration of former Soviets in 1991 and after, the Zionist interloper population of Eastern European and former Soviet origin has definitely outnumbered the Zionist interloper population of Arabic or Oriental origin in Stolen and Occupied Palestine.

    • Reuse of gentilics or demonyms is hardly unusual in the European context, and Patrick J. Geary summarizes practice in The Myth of Nations, The Medieval Origins of Europe, pp. 118-119. His analysis applies at least as much to the term Jew (יְהוּדִי) as it applies to any European ethnic name.

      Conclusion: Old Names and New Peoples

      The fourth and fifth centuries saw fundamental changes in the European social and political fabric. In the process, great confederations like those of the Goths disappeared, to re-emerge transformed into kingdoms in Italy and Gaul. Others like the Hunnic Empire or the Vandal kingdom seemed to spring from nowhere, only to vanish utterly in a few generations. Still other, previously obscure peoples, such as the Angles and the Franks, emerged to create enduring polities. But whether enduring or ephemeral, the social realities behind these ethnic names underwent rapid and radical transformation in every case. Whatever a Goth was in the third-century kingdom of Cniva, the reality of a Goth in sixthcentury Spain was far different, in language, religion, political and social organization, even ancestry. The Franks defeated by Emperor Julian in the fourth century and those who followed Clovis into battle in the sixth century were likewise almost immeasurably distant from each other in every possible way. The same was true of the Romans, whose transformation was no less dramatic in the same period. With the constant shifting of allegiances, intermarriages, transformations, and appropriations, it appears that all that remained constant were names, and these were vessels that could hold different contents at different times.

      Names were renewable resources; they held the potential to convince people of continuity, even if radical discontinuity was the lived reality. Old names, whether of ancient peoples like the Goths or Suebi or of illustrious families such as the Amals, could be reclaimed, applied to new circumstances, and used as rallying cries for new powers. Alternatively, names of small, relatively unimportant groups might be expanded with enormous power. The Franks were the most significant of these. In the third century, they were among the least significant of Rome's enemies. By the sixth century, the name Frank had eclipsed not only that of Goth, Vandal, and Sueb, but of Roman itself in much of the West.

      Probably no greater fraud has ever been perpetrated in the history of the human race than Zionism.

      It has corrupted many American Christians, who now believe that the theft of Palestine from the native population by racist genocidal Eastern Europeans represents a fulfillment of eschatological prophesy even though a more reasonable interpretation would equate the exiled Palestinians, who are the descendants of the ancient Judean population, with the population that needs to return with the coming of the Messiah.

    • I am fairly certain that at least half of Israel's GDP is subsidized by the USA.

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