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Exile and the Prophetic: The interfaith ecumenical deal is dead

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This post is part of Marc H. Ellis’s “Exile and the Prophetic” feature for Mondoweiss. To read the entire series visit the archive page.

With the election over and the fiscal cliff looming it’s easy to lose sight of a politics beneath the radar, one that keeps moving on the ground. Game-changers don’t always make the loudest noise. Sometimes they’re incremental. They arrive when you least expect them..

It seems late in the Israel/Palestine political game – and it is late indeed – but the mainstream Churches are breaking what I have called the interfaith ecumenical deal. That deal is usually referred to as the interfaith ecumenical dialogue, the post-Holocaust place where Jews and Christians have mended their relationship. Israel was huge in this dialogue. Christians supported Israel as repentance for anti-Semitism and the Holocaust. Then as Israel became more controversial with their abuse of Palestinians, Christians remained silent. Non-support and, worse, criticism of Israeli policies, was seen by the Jewish dialoguers as backtracking to anti-Semitism. That’s where the dialogue became a deal: Silence on the Christian side brings no criticism of anti-Semitism from the Jewish side.

Of course, the interfaith ecumenical deal was also part of a larger political deal on the American political seen. Any criticism of Israel from political figures was their death knell. The accusation of anti-Semitism was the bullet.

Can the political pro-Israel deal survive if its component parts whither? Certainly, the Jewish establishment has given up on parts of its most natural component parts. I’m thinking here of broad swaths of the Jewish community. Jews of Conscience have left the Israel fold. Many mainstream Jews are either silent or apathetic toward Israel today.

The largest and most vocal components of the political deal today are Christians. Though we think mostly evangelicals here, with their roots in Biblical prophecy, for most of its history Israel’s biggest supporters have been mainstream liberal Christians. They’ve supported Israel as a moral question, involving their repentance for anti-Semitism and the Holocaust.

Just as aspects of Jewish support for Israel are dropping off, the liberal Christian support is ebbing. However, unlike those Jews who have just gone silent and like Jews of Conscience who are raising their voices, mainstream liberal Christians aren’t going silently into Israel’s night. As an organized and institutionalized presence, mainstream Christian denominations in the United States are speaking boldly.

I’m thinking specifically of the October 5 letter that a group of prominent Church leaders sent to Congress. In the letter, Church leaders admonish Congress for allowing Israel to skirt and in some cases violate American law. They are direct and to the point, especially highlighting American foreign aid to Israel.

I cite significant passages below because in my experience and knowledge this letter is a first. It is striking in a variety of ways, not the least in its attention to political detail and its modest employment of the typical theological fluff that so often dominates Church declarations.

While appealing to aspects of joint beliefs in human and political rights shared by different faith communities, for the most part the Church leaders play down the theological language of compassion and reconciliation that often characterizes Church statements on Israel/Palestine. In a stunning departure, interfaith relations are secondary to the immediate needs of the Palestinian people who are under assault by Israel. The Church leaders speak specifically about Israel’s violation of American law and encourage Congress to investigate these violations and take action in bold and definitive strokes. Again, note the specifics, since most Church letters are typically long on theological rhetoric and short on political demands.

The first preliminary paragraphs remain true to the typical mold of previous statements. The Church leaders rehearse their call to be peacemakers and emphasize the suffering on both sides, Israeli and Palestinian. Notice this conciliatory language. In the paragraph’s following, the tone changes:

Through this direct experience we have witnessed the pain and suffering of Israelis as a result of Palestinian actions and of Palestinians as a result of Israeli actions. In addition to the horror and loss of life from rocket attacks from Gaza and past suicide bombings, we have witnessed the broad impact that a sense of insecurity and fear has had on Israeli society.

We have also witnessed widespread Israeli human rights violations committed against Palestinians, including killing of civilians, home demolitions and forced displacement, and restrictions on Palestinian movement, among others. We recognize that each party—Israeli and Palestinian—bears responsibilities for its actions and we therefore continue to stand against all violence regardless of its source. Our stand against violence is complemented by our commitment to the rights of all Israelis, as well as all Palestinians, to live in peace and security.

After these preliminaries, the letter’s tone changes quickly – and significantly. Citing the deterioration of the situation in Israel and among the Palestinians – which is moving the ‘region further away from the realization of a just peace’ – the Church leaders get to the center of their argument:

Unfortunately, unconditional U.S. military assistance to Israel has contributed to this deterioration, sustaining the conflict and undermining the long-term security interests of both Israelis and Palestinians. This is made clear in the most recent 2011 State Department Country Report on Human Rights Practices covering Israel and the Occupied Territories, which details widespread Israeli human rights violations committed against Palestinian civilians, many of which involve the misuse of U.S.-supplied weapons.

‘Unconditional U. S. military assistance’ – there’s the indication where the letter is going. Citing elements of crowd control, including tear gas, and American law which prohibits ‘repeatedly used excessive force to repress peaceful, lawful, and organized dissent,’ the Church leaders makes their first demand:

Accordingly, we urge an immediate investigation into possible violations by Israel of the U.S. Foreign Assistance Act and the U.S. Arms Export Control Act which respectively prohibit assistance to any country which engages in a consistent pattern of human rights violations and limit the use of U.S. weapons to “internal security” or “legitimate self-defense.”

Then a second, even bolder, demand:

More broadly, we urge Congress to undertake careful scrutiny to ensure that our aid is not supporting actions by the government of Israel that undermine prospects for peace. We urge Congress to hold hearings to examine Israel’s compliance, and we request regular reporting on compliance and the withholding of military aid for non-compliance.

As if ‘careful scrutiny’ and ‘holding hearings’ is not enough, the Church leaders follow up by questioning American support for Israel as its settler population in Jerusalem and the West Bank continue to expand:

In addition to specific rights violations, we see a troubling and consistent pattern of disregard by the government of Israel for U.S. policies that support a just and lasting peace. Specifically, repeated demands by the U.S. government that Israel halt all settlement activity have been ignored. Since 1967, every U.S. administration has decried Israeli settlements in the occupied Palestinian territories as obstacles to peace. Despite this stance, Israel continues to expand its settlements in the West Bank and East Jerusalem, claiming territory that under international law and U.S. policy should belong to a future Palestinian state. The Oslo peace process, which began in 1993, was publicly promoted as leading Israelis and Palestinians to a just peace based on a two-state solution. Instead, since 1993, the number of Israeli settlers in the West Bank, including East Jerusalem, has more than doubled. Rights violations resulting from Israeli settlement activity include separate and unequal legal systems for Palestinians and settlers, confiscation of Palestinian land and natural resources for the benefit of settlers, and violence by settlers against Palestinians.

Finally, the entire issue of American foreign aid is addressed, suggesting that American financial insistence to Israel be questioned and ‘contingent’ on Israel’s compliance to American laws and policies. Since there is no way Israel would comply on this basis, the Church leaders are placing American support for Israel on the political table. Once again, their language is forthright:

As Christian leaders in the United States, it is our moral responsibility to question the continuation of unconditional U.S. financial assistance to the government of Israel. Realizing a just and lasting peace will require this accountability, as continued U.S. military assistance to Israel — offered without conditions or accountability — will only serve to sustain the status quo and Israel’s military occupation of the Palestinian territories.

We request, therefore, that Congress hold Israel accountable to these standards by making the disbursement of U.S. military assistance to Israel contingent on the Israeli government’s compliance with applicable U.S. laws and policies.

As Israel is the single largest recipient of U.S. foreign aid since World War II, it is especially critical for Israel to comply with the specific U.S. laws that regulate the use of U.S.-supplied weapons. We also encourage Congress to support inclusive, comprehensive, and robust regional diplomacy to secure a just and lasting peace that will benefit Israelis, Palestinians, and all the peoples of the region, and the world.

Dynamite stuff, to be sure. The Church leaders leap over the interfaith ecumenical dialogue/deal bar in one fell swoop. Or so it seems. On the get real level, this statement was decades in the making.

My first presentation on this subject to a Christian group was more than twenty-five years ago. The blow-back from the Jewish establishment then was unbelievable. The blow-back included, as it still often does, Progressive Jews. Their investment in the interfaith ecumenical deal was substantial. It still is.

The taboo subjects directly addressed in this letter weren’t even on the table then. Rather, they were in the air but couldn’t get to the table. Church leaders quaked in fear – of the Jewish establishment, of Progressive Jews, of themselves.

You see, not only could Christians be accused of anti-Semitism, they feared they might be anti-Semitic. All of this came to the head when Israel was criticized. Connected, as well, was the sense that many Christians had of Palestinians, Arabs and Muslims – as shadowy, uncivilized, deceptive and terrorist in their inclinations. For many well-meaning Christians support for Palestinians and even the hint of an aid cut-off to Israel was to enter another anti-Semitic universe. Church leaders, as well as rank and file Christians, wanted no part of the sins of the past.

Yes, of course, there was brouhaha on the Jewish establishment side when the Church leader’s letter hit the press. Blow-back has been big-time. But then support for the Church leaders has also been strong.

Reading the letter out loud I marvel on the distance traveled. Despite the pressure and with support as well, is there any way back to the pieties of yesteryear for these Church leaders?

Strange, looking on the internet for commentary on the Church leader’s letter, one site had the letter opposite a quotation from the Holocaust survivor, Elie Wiesel: ‘Neutrality helps the oppressor, never the victim. Silence encourages the tormentor, never the tormented.’

It seems that the Church leaders have finally learned the central lesson of Christian complicity in the Holocaust. It was taught to them by Jews in the personal witness of Elie Wiesel.

The lesson: The ultimate sin is silence in the face of injustice.

Marc H. Ellis

Marc H. Ellis is Professor of History and Jewish Studies and Director of the Center for the Study of the Global Prophetic. His latest book is Finding Our Voice: Embodying the Prophetic and Other Misadventures.

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15 Responses

  1. seafoid on November 12, 2012, 10:41 am

    What is the point of talking to Zionists about faith ? Faith in violence? Faith in mendacity ? Why would the Presbyterians be interested?

  2. Les on November 12, 2012, 11:18 am

    It is a bold but obvious statement that American Christians have been complicit in Israel’s ethnic cleansing of the Palestinians.

  3. Donald on November 12, 2012, 11:48 am

    I haven’t been reading much of Ellis, but this post nailed it. This is exactly how liberal Protestants (and liberal Catholics like James Carroll) have been browbeaten into thinking that criticism of Israel is anti-semitic. It even describes some of my own feelings in the past.

  4. seafoid on November 12, 2012, 1:29 pm

    Gaza and the refugee camps of the palestinians continue to repent for the antisemitic sins of Europe’s Christians.

  5. dbroncos on November 12, 2012, 6:36 pm

    Well said, Mr. Ellis. Real progress in the hinterlands and in the grass roots if not yet in DC and in the msm.

  6. Nevada Ned on November 12, 2012, 6:44 pm

    Good piece by Marc Ellis, except for the jarring quotations from Elie Wiesel in the last couple of paragraphs. I hope Marc Ellis realizes that Elie Wiesel is a terrible hawk, who supports everything Israel does to the Palestinians. Everything.

    Elie Wiesel also wrote a dust-jacket blurb for the ridiculous book by Joan Peters, From Time Immemorial, which claimed that there weren’t any Palestinians when the early Zionists arrived. For the readers of Mondoweiss, there is no need to rehearse the history of the Peters book.

    Yes, Wiesel says noble-sounding things about the importance of historical truth. But on some sensitive topics (anything critical of Israel), Wiesel wants everything but the truth.

    • Donald on November 13, 2012, 5:37 pm

      “Good piece by Marc Ellis, except for the jarring quotations from Elie Wiesel in the last couple of paragraphs. I hope Marc Ellis realizes that Elie Wiesel is a terrible hawk, who supports everything Israel does to the Palestinians. Everything.”

      I agree about Wiesel. Back when Hitchens was still worth reading, before 9/11, he wrote a post called “Wiesel words” about Wiesel’s Nakba denial. Wiesel words

      But I think Ellis is aware of this and is pointing out the irony that it was Wiesel who has made such a big point of standing up for what is right–if one listened to his wonderful-sounding generalities and applied them to the I/P conflict you will end up on the opposite side of the issue from Wiesel himself.

  7. Tex Tradd on November 13, 2012, 3:33 am

    It is striking in a variety of ways, not the least in its attention to political detail and its modest employment of the typical theological fluff that so often dominates Church declarations.

    “Typical theological fluff” strikes me as uncharitable.

    What to an outsider might appear excessive spiritual verbosity and vacuous God-talk, can be of the greatest meaning to people within that community. This is not to excuse a lack of action when action is needed. Yet theological statements may reflect the deepest aspirations and most passionate commitments of people wrestling with difficult challenges.

    Of course, activists care mostly about what is useful to the cause, whereas theological reflections on history, justice, repentance and responsibility often depict a complex world where multiple parties suffer and cause suffering. This kind of nuance is often of little use to activists.

    That said, the focus of the Presbyterians on action reflects an urgency and thirst for justice in this world, not the next.

    • Betsy on November 13, 2012, 1:46 pm

      @Tex Tradd — yes, it is uncharitable (at least to my ears as a practicing Presbyterian). Here are examples of recent ‘fluff’ from Gradye Parsons (PCUSA leader) & others at the PCUSA Office of Public Witness, over the past several months, which are part of (usually unsuccessful) efforts by the church to change this country’s direction:

      (while lobbying on Capital Hill against austerity ideology & cuts) “We have come to Washington to meet with Congressional leaders and to join with you in daily prayer for a global economy and a federal budget that breaks the yokes of injustice, poverty, hunger, and unemployment throughout the world.” For Rev. Parsons’ full remarks, please visit http://officeofpublicwitness.blogspot​.com

      “As Presbyterians, we must find solidarity with such a movement as this. We are called by God – a God made manifest in Jesus Christ, the Bread of Life, to feed the hungry in effort to proclaim God’s in-breaking reign on earth. A proven, successful way to help families by means of basic nutrition is through a robust Farm Bill. In the spirit of Food Day, we invite you to join the National Sustainable Agricultural Coalition (NSAC)… to demand from Congress a robust Farm Bill.”

      “As religious institutions and faith-based organizations with extensive global relationships, we have deep concerns about the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) agreement…The leaked TPP investment chapter reveals a radical redefinition of foreign investor rights that would allow multinational corporations to sue governments for millions of dollars in compensation for environmental or public health safeguards by claiming that such protections constitute an infringement of their newfound “rights.” Unfortunately, the investor-state provisions under negotiation in the Trans-Pacific Partnership undermine the very principles of human dignity and respect for the integrity of God’s creation which we support. ”

      “the General Assembly passed a resolution which recognized that solitary confinement can be a form of torture,…I’m Debbie Dyslin, the Office of Public Witness summer fellow working on torture-related issues. I’ve experienced many of these steps forward first-hand and I hope to convey to you some of the injustices that God has placed on my heart.”

      “The Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) has a long tradition of opposing this kind of destructive mining practice. In 2006, the 217th General Assembly “urge[d] state and federal agencies that regulate mining practices, as well as coal companies themselves, to abandon the practice of mountaintop removing coal mining and work to meet our nation’s energy needs in a manner that is just, sustainable, and consistent with Christian values.”

      I think Marc Ellis would be more accurate if he said that mainline churches have been sidelined from national public space, to the point where their attempts at action have been ineffective — so it is time for us to use more radical *strategies* in pursuit of justice & love — not to speak less theologically. e.g., civil disobedience against the Iraq War, getting arrested in front of White House — had no effect. So, need new strategies…

    • Mooser on November 14, 2012, 1:11 pm

      “What to an outsider might appear excessive spiritual verbosity and vacuous God-talk, can be of the greatest meaning to people within that community. This is not to excuse a lack of action when action is needed. Yet theological statements may reflect the deepest aspirations and most passionate commitments of people wrestling with difficult challenges.”

      Oh, I see! They “may reflect the deepest aspirations and most passionate commitments of people wrestling with difficult challenges”, but they are inexplicable (or even repellent) to outsiders. Sure, that makes sense, if you consider how spirutually degreaded the “outsiders” are, completely unable to grasp “the deepest aspirations and most passionate commitments of people wrestling with difficult challenges”.
      Give me a freakin break, huh? “What to an outsider might appear excessive spiritual verbosity and vacuous God-talk” more than likely is, well, just that.
      But please, don’t take the word of an “outsider”, a Jew.

      • Mooser on November 14, 2012, 3:09 pm

        “But please, don’t take the word of an “outsider”, a Jew.”

        Please, no sympathy. I fully accept the spiritual and moral and social failings I acquired through my stubborn refusal to accept the Redeemer.

      • Tex Tradd on November 15, 2012, 5:42 am

        Oh, I see! They “may reflect the deepest aspirations and most passionate commitments of people wrestling with difficult challenges”, but they are inexplicable (or even repellent) to outsiders. Sure, that makes sense, if you consider how spirutually degreaded the “outsiders” are, completely unable to grasp “the deepest aspirations and most passionate commitments of people wrestling with difficult challenges”.

        A good resource for you when thinking about these kinds of controversies might be the work of the anthropologist Clifford Geertz, especially “The Interpretation of Cultures”. What he advocates is a sort of phenomenological method when dealing with customs and beliefs that seem strange or meaningless. The point is that people in one cultural space will use language that is very salient and even emotionally resonant to them, yet this can seem pointless to those of another belief system. Communities will produce collective works of great internal meaning that are opaque to outsiders, who can easily be unaware of experiential microworlds of richness and depth. There really is no “fact of the matter” to be disputed when this kind of cultural-hermeneutical distance comes up, but it is easier to build coalitions for justice when diverse groups cut each other some slack on this kind of thing.

        Consider as a case study the success of the pro-life movement, regardless of your personal feelings on reproductive rights. Rural Protestant Evangelicals and urban Catholics had layers of mistrust and misunderstanding, with no track record of working together but plenty of animosity, with theological distances almost too great to overcome. It is hard to overstate the depth of cultural differences, class markers, and mutual suspicions surrounding the early phases of this movement. There was much annoyance at some of the language in each side’s God-talk. Yet the groups overcame their differences to construct a powerful coalition.

        Probably a similar process of mutual respect for what can seem to be strange or meaningless internal customs or language may yet need to be developed among those of very different backgrounds who long for justice for the Palestinians.

      • seafoid on November 15, 2012, 8:59 am

        “Customs and beliefs that seem strange or meaningless”

        Shatnez !

        I came across this today for the first time . It looks like a Haredi employment scam but presumably has deeper meaning.

        Most Jews are aware of the religious ban on mixing meat and milk that are part of the laws of kashrut. There are prohibitions on other kinds of mixing, including seeds and different breeds of animals – which, in modern times, is the purview of genetic engineering.
        “Shatnez” is the Jewish prohibition on mixing wool and linen. The law is laid out in Leviticus 19:19 and Deuteronomy 22:25 and 22:9-11. While the etymology of the word is obscure, in modern Hebrew, shatnez has come to mean mixture.
        “This prohibition would be categorized as a Chok, a Torah law for which the rationale is not readily apparent,” says Rabbi Elly Krimsky, spiritual leader of Young Israel of Stamford.

        Young Israel is one of several area Orthodox synagogues that publicize the services of the “shatnez lab” in Rockland County, N.Y., Rabbi Donny Newman, who teaches at Yeshiva Bais Binyomin in Stamford, runs the Rockland county lab and picks up and delivers garments to be checked from members of the Stamford community.

        In the U.S., the practice of checking for shatnez was introduced nearly single-handedly by Holocaust survivor and Austrian garment worker Joseph Rosenberger, when he opened the country’s first shatnez lab in 1941, in Brooklyn. Now there are labs and checkers throughout the country, and several organizations that publicize the practice, including Shatnez Testers of America, and the National Committee of Shatnez Testers and Researchers.

        Both men and women can be checkers, Krimsky says. “The main issue is that they are trained properly to be able to identify what they need to seek, which is usually linen, since wool is used very commonly in clothing. If linen is found, you try to remove it. If it can’t be removed, or the garment is full of it, the item of clothing of clothing may need to be discarded.”
        Rochel Leah Deutsch is a shatnez inspector at the Waterbury shatnez lab, together with Elisheva Magid.

        “It is not unusual for women to be inspectors; however, there are some different rules regarding women,” Deutsch says. “The training process is very intense, involving traveling to Lakewood, N.J. for instruction and checking in front of Rabbi Sayyagh, who trained us. I remember thinking in the beginning that this whole area was too complicated for me, but I told myself, ‘If men can check a coat without ripping it, I can too!’ Certification usually takes about two years. At this point in our training, for every garment we check, we fill out a very detailed report and send it to Rabbi Sayyagh to approve before returning it to the customer. Because of this, we ask for a week before returning a garment to a customer.”
        Shatnez is most commonly found in higher-end men’s suit jackets and coats. The fabric content of most women’s clothing is accurately listed on the garment label, but brocade, embroidery, trim, and shoulder pads need to be checked for content.
        “You should have the garment checked before you wear it,” says Krimsky. “In some stores in very religious neighborhoods, they only sell suits, dresses, coats, etc. that have already been checked and verified ‘Shatnez-free.’ People tend to buy suits around the High Holidays, so often, that’s when the inspection campaigns take place.”
        “Every garment has different areas that must be checked,” says Deutsch. “Also, if a suit is custom-made, it needs to be checked differently than a factory-made suit. Just recently, we had a customer who had a custom-made suit and was promised by the tailor that it would not contain linen. We checked it and guess what? The collar canvas was made out of linen.”

  8. Steve Macklevore on November 13, 2012, 4:01 am

    Elie Wiesel is an unapologetic racist bigot, for whom Israel can never ever do any wrong.

    It’s shameful to pretend he has anything to teach anyone who isn’t a member of the Likud.

  9. Alvin Alexsi Currier on November 13, 2012, 10:44 am

    I remember so well an old Catholic priest back during the Vietnam war who summed it up so well for us Christians. He said: “The old adage says that silence is golden, but sometimes it is only silver, thirty pieces of it.”

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