The Quran makes it very clear, Muslims must bring the true religion to those without the True God. It specifies tho that ‘the People of the Book, the Abrahamic religions of Christianity and Judaism are followers of the true God and not to be converted or converted. The Ottoman taxed non Turks but in return exempted them from the military service required of Turkish citizens. This exemption lasted until the end of the World War when Turkey was losing badly and began to ask Dhimmi to enlist. This provoked the first great migration of Palestinians, primarily Christian, to the West.
On another point made about Andalusia, all Ottoman towns, including Jerusalem, were divided into religious quarters, allowing processions, special music, foods, etc to be enjoyed openly and freely in each. This is now changing. We see this in Jerusalem today, tho Jewish groups are moving into other quarters and there is a more modern renter’s market for Special places. But still people process and sing in their own neighbirhoods, holiday foods are sold and served there. I lived in a modern day Jewish neighborhood in Rabat where Jews lived freely. The key point is that the Andalusian saved and gave a home to Jews fleeing Christian persecution during the cruelty of the Christian Inquisitiin.
Israel has been preparing to counter any claims for compensation with the costs GOI incurred resettling the Jews from Arab lands. I once wrote a paper for the PLO for a defense based on the "Arab Story" , showing that these large Jewish groups were in Arab contries because Christian Europe had driven them out during the days of the Inquisition. Most fled across the Mediterranean to North Africa and other Ottoman lands.. The Ottoman Caliph wrote to King Ferdinand, a prime mover in the expulsion of all non-Christans (of the exact correct beliefs) from his country, thanking him for "this great gift" , as these people were scientists, artists, teachers, a wonderful population. They lived all those years in safety, prosperity and respect under the Ottomans. Religious groups lived in different neighborhoods, had their own religious and family law and provided their own social services. Many of these Jewish immigrants rose to positions of power in the country (Chief economist and responsibility for the Royal Harem, for example )
The Arab countries were only threatened by the rise of Zionsm and in some cases due to secret Israeli plots, as the Lavon Affair, to cause local distrust and fear to compromise the position of local Jewish group's, a fascinating story in itself. This is similar to our imprisonment of Japanese citizens here during World War 11. I still believe we need a credited historian kind to make this case to counter the obvious Israel plan to use this issue to halt antsy Nakba compensation.
I am a strong supporter of BDS but have spent many years as a member of St. George''s Cathedral in Jerusalem. I do not agree with Bishop Suheil's decision, but his fears are real.
Israel can and will hurt our churches and programs there and hurt them badly. Under the previous Bishop, an outspoken supporter of Palestine, for example, our visiting Priests from the U.S. etc. did not receive long term visas, requiring them to leave each three months (usually for Jordan) , and to spend up,to five hours of border harassment each time. They also can and will punish the Church by seizing valuable and venerable property. I was involved for example when settlers seized the Catholic Franciscan Churc Where Jesus Wept on the Mt. Of Olives, and came close to holding it (the rumor was that the site with its beautiful views of Jerusalem, would be perfect for a hotel). The Franciscans eventually won this one, although unusually the priest who first called for help was mysteriously knifed to death on the path to the church. Thieves do not attack priests there out of respect and because because they never carry valuables. The schools, community services and congregations in the Holy Land are also vulnerable to the many beaurocratic blocks they know so well. None of these programs are safe
from deliberate and purposeful harm.
If you look at almost any demographic that measures health and quality of life in Israel, you will find statistically significant differences between Jewish and non-Jewish citizens. This is true for life expectancy, chronic disease, education, income, managerial positions, size of homes, etc. statistical significance indicates these differences are not random, but caused by specific factors, policies, access etc. we use it to look for discrimination in board rooms and Southern counties. Interestingly, the percentage of non Jews in faculty positions is the same for women and Mizrahi Jews. So it is Ahkenazi European Jews who fare the best.