Orit Bashkin’s ‘misunderstandings’ theory is laughable. Did freezing bank accounts, travel bans, extortion, arrests for ‘Zionism’, sackings and the rule that any Jew had to partner a Muslim in business have to do with preventing riots? No these were Nuremberg-style laws that paved the way for a deliberate policy of ethnic cleansing. No misunderstanding there.
Riots were undoubtedly a danger, but Orit and Abbas Shiblak both play down the effect of the 1941 Farhud in which almost 200 Jews were murdered. It was not so much that riots could break out at any moment but the fact that the Jews could not trust the Iraqi forces of law and order to protect them from riots, viz the numbers of police who joined the rioters and looters in 1941.