Roha: Since I am not, and never have been, a US citizen, I haven’t been following the involuted details of this fuss. It all looks like the normal workings of the corrupt and crazy American political process.*
But since all this Russian interference seems to have had no actual effect on US policy, either in the ME or elsewhere, could you take the dispute to some other forum, please?
I prefer to think of it as a Jewish saga about power, the love of money, and revenge that certainly has changed things in the ME. Trump moved the US embassy to Jerusalem. He has given the Palestinian Delegation in the USA the boot. He shutdown US financial support for the UNRWA, and abrogated the Iran nuclear weapons agreement. He was singing for his supper when he did all of those things and has since complained that the Jewish community and his Jewish donors are ungrateful.
FYI, in his testimony to the House Intelligence Committee Glen Simpson of Fusion GPS explained that the Mossad was one of the so-called "Russian" sources of information used in his dossiers. So it isn't just Putin who was leaking the news about Trump kompromat. "Never Trumper" Paul Singer is a "Birthright Israel" funder. His Washington Free Beacon funded the initial Fusion GPS anti-Trump research done by a Jewish French/Belgian fellow named Ed Baumgartner. After the election Singer donated $1 million to the Trump Inaugural Committee slush fund.
The Principals who either arranged or were represented in the Trump Tower meeting were Jewish, not just Russians: Veselnitskaya represented Denis Katsyv/Prevezon a Russian Israeli. Emin Agalarov, Rob Goldstone, and Jared Kushner are respectively Russian, British, and American Jews according to The Jewish Daily Forward.
The Magnitsky Act was named after a Russian Jewish accountant . The Russian Treasury Fraud imbroglio behind the legislation involves opposing groups of Jewish billionaires like Katsyv, Bill Browder, the late Edmond Safra, Beny Stienmetz, and the Ziff brothers. The principal sponsor of the legislation was Jewish Senator Ben Cardin. Even Noam Chomsky is tweeting out links to documentaries about Trump's Russian-Jewish mafia business partners.
There's always someone in the Jewish community keeping track of these things for us. For example, Haaretz noted that 5 of the 10 Russian oligarchs who funneled millions to the GOP and Trump's Inaugural Committee were Jewish (and not included in my list above). See "Know Your Oligarch: A Guide to the Jewish Billionaires in the Trump-Russia Probe" https://goo.gl/8pbVmb
Phil and Don Johnson have decided to write several articles here that either mention or discuss "Russiagate". I was commenting that business records seized in the search of Paul Manafort's storage locker had become exhibits to his plea deal and underscored that the Russians have funded and employed dirty tricks campaigns and black ops.
They revealed that Manafort, the Podesta Group, and former Obama White House counsel were part of a Russian-funded dirty tricks operation to help rig the Ukrainian Presidential election in 2010. The group helped train prosecutors and author a report containing false charges that was used to imprison Prime Minister Yulia Tymoshenko. https://goo.gl/8wWhih
The correspondence shows that there was no difference between right-wing GOP operatives and the 77 long-term Clinton/Democratic Party "liberal" operatives employed in the revolving door public relations firm founded by John and Tony Podesta. At least not when it came running a dirty tricks campaign in support of a would- be dictator in the Ukraine. See the "Exhibits" in U.S. v. Paul J. Manafort, Jr. (1:17-cr-201, District of Columbia) https://www.justice.gov/sco
I've written over 10,000 comments at MW. Most of them were about improper US government and corporate interference in the Middle East and other parts of Asia to prevent other peoples from exercising their rights to statehood, independence, or non-intervention. To a lesser extent I've also discussed the same behavior in Latin America, the Caribbean, the Pacific, and Europe. Don complains about people who are concerned about Russiagate, but not things like the blockade of Yemen, etc. I'm not that guy. I've been writing about the illegality of all those things for many years now.
Keith: The Steele dossier is “dodgy” because it is unverifiable hearsay and innuendo. In other words, obvious propaganda designed to demonize Russia and, in particular, Putin for geostrategic reasons.
I've already noted that the 26 July 2016 and 10 August 2016 memos contain first person eyewitness accounts about the participation of Trump, Manafort, and Page, in the conspiracy with the Russian government. Those statements were made by an ethnic Russian Associate of Donald Trump who appears to have been working for a very longtime as an undercover FBI and US Intelligence informant. So, it's hard to see how that could possibly be "unverifiable" or characterized as mere propaganda/innuendo.
Re: Mr. McGovern's comments that the dossier is garbage. He doesn't quote or analyze a single objectionable line from the Steele dossier. He spends half of the article appealing to ad homenim fallacies and knocking down strawmen. Then he changes gears and starts shilling for one of Joe DiGenoa's unrelated crackpot conspiracy theories. If you are looking for the use of innuendo and unverified propaganda, then this McGovern/DiGenoa production is a pretty good example.
Re: Trump is right: The Orbis dossier is fake news.” (Paul Roderick Gregory)
This guy seems to be missing five of the 35 pages, i.e. his copy has 30 pages.
The shopworn fake news epithet is legally incorrect. When the plaintiffs in the Buzzfeed defamation lawsuit tried to make the very same claim in federal court, the Judge ruled against them. She held that the contents of the dossier were very real news and thus entitled to the “fair report privilege”. See "Judge in libel suit rules BuzzFeed may have protection for report on Trump dossier" https://goo.gl/B2osno
Re: Edward S. Herman. He's only citing one of the 17 memos, Steele’s first report delivered in June 2016. He seems to think that the whole thing is fake news, even if only one of the items in one of the 17 memos worth of raw intelligence is erroneous or considered heresay. He cites the remarks about Cohen's alleged trip to Prague as erroneous. That's hardly indispensable to the outcome of the Mueller investigation, one way or the other. The dossier alone has never been used in Court to justify a FISA warrant, and in the one case where it was used as an additional supporting document, its preparation by a biased political adversary was clearly noted.
Keith: “Bob Woodward’s book Fear has been a sensation in many respects. But one aspect has barely been mentioned. After two years of exhaustive research for his book, Woodward says that he has found no evidence of collusion between Putin’s government and Donald Trump’s campaign in 2016. Zilch, nada, zero. And Woodward strained very hard looking for it.” (John Walsh)
I've read Woodward's "Fear". Unlike you, he made a pretty convincing case for the proposition that: (1) the Russians bailed out Trump with dirty money when he was billions of dollars in debt; (2) the Russians did interfere in the 2016 elections in favor of Trump; and (3) the Russian Mafia and/or Russian Oligarchs have been pouring millions of dollars into Republican and Democratic campaign coffers and messing around in our domestic politics for decades. It seems pretty clear that Woodward's normal inquisitiveness, powers of observation and analysis simply evaporated when he was dealing with the subject of the Steele dossier or the meeting with the Russians in Trump Tower. He's straining so hard to find evidence of collusion that "he can't see the forest for the trees" that are standing in his way.
For example, Woodward says that the initial Trump briefing on the National Intelligence Estimate regarding Russian interference in the 2016 election was excellent or top notch work, but that Comey spoiled everything by bringing up a summary of the Steele Dossier at the last minute. Comey explained that the information was "out there" and would inevitably be brought to the attention of the media (Buzzfeed published Steele's copy 4 days later).
Woodward fixated on a salacious part and overlooked the much more relevant first person eyewitness accounts from an informant inside the Trump camp regarding (1) collusion and conspiracy between the members of the Trump campaign and the Russian government; (2) personal knowledge of Russian intelligence agents who had infiltrated the DNC; (3) knowledge of other Russian agents working in the USA, who were part of the election meddling scheme. That individual, "Source E", was described in the 26 July 2016 and 10 August 2016 Steele memos as an "ethnic Russian associate of Presidential Candidate Donald J. Trump". https://goo.gl/gzEVZV
Source E stated that Trump, Paul Manafort, and Carter Page had been notified in advance about the Wikileaks release of the DNC emails. He also stated that Carter Page had served as Manafort's intermediary with the Russians and that Page had spoken to him personally about his role in planning and executing the strategy to use the emails to convert disgruntled Sanders supporters into Trump voters . See the text of the dossier https://themoscowproject.org/dossier/
Woodward says he went on Fox News after the Buzzfeed article appeared and said the dossier was "garbage" and that the intelligence community should apologize for even mentioning any of its contents to President Trump. About a hundred pages later in the book, Woodward actually quotes another comment from Source E (from the same Steele memo) explaining that most of the intelligence Trump passed along to Putin was information regarding the investments and activities of Russian Oligarchs and their families living in the USA and that Putin had a keen interest in them. So, we know that Woodward at least read that particular memo.
Oddly enough, Woodward failed to notice that Steele was utilizing a pre-existing network of reliable informants. In other words, Source E was already working undercover (for someone) before Steele was ever hired by Fusion GPS.
Every major news outlet in the country has long since reported that Felix Sater led a double life for years as an FBI and US Intelligence informant. According to court documents, that included the entire period of time that he was associated with the Trump Organization. See for example, "Trump business associate led double life as FBI informant - and more, he says" http://www.latimes.com/politics/la-na-pol-sater-trump-20170223-story.html
So it simply blew my mind, when Woodward subsequently described Felix Sater in a passage from Fear as: (1) a longtime ethnic Russian associate of Donald Trump; (2) a man of mystery who would go undercover for the DIA, CIA, or FBI - and then changed the subject.
Woodward's entire analysis of the Trump Tower meeting was "It was a huge story, suggesting—but not proving—some kind of subterfuge and clandestine cooperation with Russians."
He based that opinion upon this incompetent advice from Trump's lawyer John Dowd: "“Mr. President, it’s horseshit,” Dowd told him. And so what? Getting dirt on people was commonplace in campaigns and the nation’s capital. It even had a name—“opposition research” or “investigative reporting.” That’s what half of Washington seemed to be paid for. Is there something wrong with that? No. Dowd knew that opposition research teams and investigative reporters would take dirt from anyone, even foreign governments. All the media posturing was disgusting. They were treating it like the crime of the century. The New York Times and The Washington Post thought they were the special counsel and the law of the land. The stories were a big nothing burger, Dowd concluded."
So Woodward got exhausted before he even researched a second opinion. Needless to say, Dowd is no longer around and he didn't exactly "cover himself in glory" while he was there. Armies of legal experts, including legions of former US Attorney's have appeared on television ever since, and they beg to differ with Mr. Dowd about the number of felony statutes that were violated, during and after, the Trump Tower meeting.
Keith: And who could be more objective and unbiased than a former career militarist?
Nice try, but the typical professional "military" community is comprised of a sizable percentage of non-militarist-types, e.g. health care providers, lawyers, chaplains, civil engineers, technologists, and public administrators that look after law enforcement or morale, welfare, and recreation. After several tours of duty on Major Command Inspector General staffs, you may have noticed, I tend to favor facts, documentary evidence, and legal proof.
So, I don't automatically trust anyone in government or anyone in the Trump or Clinton camps. I already explained in my comments on Don's Russiagate "Ghoststory" article that I think there is more than a grain of truth in the allegations about Russian election interference and Trump campaign collusion. I attribute most of the initial "hysteria" in the media to a conscious effort to change the story and distract attention away from the embarrassing revelations contained in the hacked DNC emails. After all, they outlined some serious wrongdoing by the Clinton campaign and DNC leadership in their efforts to finance and covertly rig the Clinton nomination.
FYI, during most of my military career, I carried an ACLU membership card in my wallet, right next to my Air Force ID card. I've long since lost count of the times that I've chipped-in to help underwrite the costs of lawsuits against the President, the Department of Defense, the Department of State, the Department of Justice, Department of Homeland Security, and etc. Anyone familiar with my comments here at Mondoweiss, at Opinio Juris, or the European Journal of International Law should realize by now, that I've made extensive use of court records, the US Code, official government documents (many obtained via FOIA lawsuits) and official declassified archives to either reveal government wrongdoing or debunk and discredit false official statements (made by both Republican and Democrat administrations) on a variety of subjects.
Keith: The Clinton campaign hired Fusion GPS to dig up dirt on Trump and that is what Steele provided, relying on hearsay and innuendo. This is McCarthyism on steroids. ... If you have to point a finger at someone, forget Putin and look at Robert Mercer ... This is what real capitalism looks like. ... not Putin. In fact, Putin has been the target of CIA/Soros hostility since at least 2014 when he was singled out for stopping the rape of Russia by the US under Yeltsin.
Putin, his family, and his inner circle appear to be some of the most successful capitalists in the world. They literally climbed over a pile of corpses while "raping" the Russian economy back in the 1990s. The guy has a personal fortune that's conservatively estimated @ 70 billion dollars. He has 20 palaces, a fleet of 58 airplanes,and 4 yachts. See for example: "No one knows Putin's exact net worth, but many speculate he's the wealthiest person on the planet — his $1 billion palace and $500 million yacht explain why" https://goo.gl/f78wv8
The "Panama Papers" revealed $2 billion dollars worth of illicit Putin-related transactions that were conducted through a single off-shore law firm. See Revealed: the $2bn offshore trail that leads to Vladimir Putin https://goo.gl/ezqBPj Deutsche Bank was fined $630 million for a $10 billion dollar Russian mirror trading/money laundering scheme. Igor Putin, the President’s cousin, sat on the boards of two of the Russian banks which employed the laundering scheme, R.Z.B. and Promsberbank. https://goo.gl/ZGypaQ
The Russian connections of Robert Mercer's Cambridge Analytica, and its role in the Trump and Brexit campaigns, have been the subject of investigations in the both the UK and the USA. Mercer's and Bannon's activities in support anti-immigrant, anti-EU, and/or anti-NATO political movements are in perfect alignment with Putin's goals.
FYI, there are more than a few observers who have concluded that the reason so many financial experts can't explain the perpetual 70% annual return on investment from Mercer's Millennium hedge fund is because it's (yet another) front for a successful Putin money laundering operation. See for example: Robert Mercer — Money Launderer for Vladimir Putin https://goo.gl/KRYhDY
I'll cut this off here and address some of your other comments in separate posts.
Keith: The same Fusion GPS that hired Christopher Steele to produced the dodgy Steele dossier alleging potential Trump/Russia collusion? ... Fusion GPS was working FOR Russia? Are you serious?
I'm no Mooser. I do have occasional outbursts of dry humor. But other than that, I'm almost always serious.
FYI, ever since Senator Diane Feinstein unilaterally released the Judiciary Committee testimony of Fusion GPS co-founder Glen Simpson last January, it's been a matter of public record that he had hired Ed Baumgartner, the co-founder of (yet another) London, UK business intelligence company, "Edward Austin". Baumgartner, who is fluent in Russian, specialized in matters related to Russia-Ukraine and worked on both of the now-infamous Fusion GPS Trump/Clinton Foundation dossiers. He was initially hired by Fusion to serve as "an interface" with Russian lawyer Natalia Veselnitskaya, who speaks very little English. She, and the US legal firm representing Prevezon, had hired Fusion GPS to assist them in the matter of a pending "Magnitsky Act" asset forfeiture case in the Southern District of New York. Prevezon is owned by Denis Katsyv, a Russian-Israeli businessman based in Moscow. See for example: Meet the Russia specialist who worked on 2 of Fusion GPS' most controversial projects https://www.businessinsider.com/ed-baumgartner-fusion-gps-christopher-steele-russia-projects-2018-1
FYI, I read thousands of raw intelligence reports during my career in the military. So this sort of thing "is not my first rodeo". The only thing that stikes me as particularly "dodgy" about the so-called "Steele dossier" is (1) the fact that anyone is still hiring unlicensed private investigators billing themselves as "Business Intelligence" firms in this day and age (think about the various "Murdoch family News International", Hewlett Packard, and Anti-Defamation League spying scandals); (2) What were the real underlying motivations of so many high ranking Russian officials - serving in the Foreign Ministry, Intelligence Service, the State Duma, and the Presidential Administration - to "stovepipe" their stories to the opposing Presidential Candidates and "spill the beans" about so many top secret details of the Russian government's efforts to groom and recruit Donald Trump and meddle in the US election on his behalf? FYI, Any time a high ranking Russian government official reveals something of enormous intelligence value to an outside investigator, there is always the very real possibility that outsider is being used. It's very likely the Russians had ulterior motives, which are unrelated to the original intent or desires of the Republicans, Democrats, or western press organizations who funded the investigation.
Phil and Donald: The case demonstrates the sheer arrogance of the Trump-Netanyahu axis. They are going for broke. And the liberals who obsess about Putin’s supposed control seem unable to spot which groups really have influence on Trump.
That notion has been overtaken by the subsequent revelations in the Mueller investigation. See: Speed Read: ‘Obama Jews’ and Other Shocking Highlights From New Manafort Docs https://www.thedailybeast.com/manafort-docs-obama-jews-and-other-shocking-highlights-from-the-ex-trump-aides-downfall
The Russians had Fusion GPS compile blackmail material on both Presidential candidates and both the Republican and Democrat party campaign chairmen - together with Barack Obama’s former White House counsel - were acting as unregistered agents of the Russian-backed Ukraine propaganda campaign. Manafort also enlisted (then) Israeli Foreign Minister Avigdor Lieberman to make this statement:
Message from the Israeli Foreign Ministry
Israel is concerned about the recently signed agreement between the Batkivshchyna Party and the extremist Freedom Party, whose antisemitic attacks repeatedly aroused resentment both in Ukraine and in Israel.
So, in the past, the head of the "Svoboda" movement glorified "the struggle against the Muscovites and Jews." The expression of such views resembles the dark pages of the history of the last century, which led humanity to the tragedy of the Second World War.
Israel condemns anti-Semitic manifestations of any kind and expresses the hope that common sense prevails. http://www.mfa.gov.il/mfarus/foreignrelations/bilateral%20relations/israelfsu/ukraine/pages/israel_ukraine_extremism.aspx
The Dailybeast and Guardian reported '"Manafort, “with secret advance knowledge of that Israeli statement,” bragged as he shopped it around the U.S., “I have someone pushing it on the NY Post. Bada bing bada boom.”
Publicly, Manafort’s message was that “the Jewish community will take this out on Obama on election day if he does nothing.” But privately, through a lobbyist envoy to the Obama administration, he conveyed that Ukraine had “worked to prevent the Administration’s presidential opponent from including damaging language in the Israeli statement, so as not to harm the Administration.” Message: You and all your Jews can trust the valiant Viktor Yanukovich.'
hophmi: LOL. How are Palestinians a protected class? They’re not a race, a religion or an ethnicity.
FYI, US immigration law has recognized Palestinian nationality, ever since the the Palestine Mandate Convention was ratified in 1925. See for example, U.S. Code TITLE 8, CHAPTER 12, § 1101. Definitions, which says “(a) As used in this chapter— (14) The term “foreign state” includes outlying possessions of a foreign state, but self-governing dominions or territories under mandate or trusteeship shall be regarded as separate foreign states.
In addition, any person of Arabian ethnic ancestry may be protected from racial discrimination under 42 U.S.C. § 1981, ever since the Supreme Court decision in Saint Francis College v. Al-Khazraji https://supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/481/604/#tab-opinion-1957112
See for example, "Lawsuits Alleging Religious and National Origin Discrimination involving the Muslim, Sikh, Arab, Middle Eastern and South Asian Communities"
National Tire & Battery (CDO) filed 6/26/15, resolved 10/19/15 ($22,000) - Defendant, an operator of auto service centers, subjected Charging Party, a mechanic, to harassment because of his religion (Islam), and national origin (Arab and Palestinian).
Swift Aviation Group (PXDO) filed 9/4/12, resolved July 24, 2013 ($50,000) - Defendant, an aeronautical services company, located at Phoenix Sky Harbor Airport subjected Charging Party to harassment ("I don't know why we don't just kill all them towelheads" and derogatory jokes about terrorists and Arabs) because of his national origin (Turkish/Palestinian) and religion (Islam) which resulted in his constructive discharge after defendant failed to stop the harassment.
Monocle Restaurant (CTDO) filed 4/14/10, resolved 5/16/11 ($35,000) - Charging Parties, two waiters, were harassed because of their religion (Islam) and national origins (Palestinian and Moroccan).
Project Group of Illinois (CHDO) filed 3/29/07, resolved 10/9/08 ($25,000) - Charging Party, a Palestinian Muslim, was subjected to derogatory remarks about her head covering and was referred to as a terrorist.
Sequa Corporation d/b/a Chromalloy Castings (MMDO) filed 9/30/02, resolved 3/31/04 ($52,000) - Charging Party is Palestinian. He was discharged days after 9/11.
Nathan: The “mandated state of Palestine” is your terminology.
Hersh Lauterpacht (a legal advisor to the Jewish Agency for Palestine) spent decades writing about the statehood of Palestine under the heading "Mandated States" in the volumes of his "Annual Law Review" and "International Law Reports".
FYI, every time a party questioned Palestine’s statehood in any connection with a legal case before an international or national Court, dealing with the period prior to November of 1947, the decisions uniformly held that Palestine was a State – no “ifs, ands, buts, or maybes”.
Article 434 of the Treaty of Versailles stipulated that Germany was required to recognize the dispositions made concerning the territories of the former Ottoman Empire, “and to recognize the new States within their frontiers as there laid down.” The other Central powers and some of the treaty articles that required them to recognize the new states were:
*Bulgaria Article 60 of the Treaty of Neuilly;
*Hungary Article 74 (2) of The Treaty of Trianon
*Austria Article 90 of The Treaty of Saint-Germain-en-Laye
Turkey and the US ratified the Treaty of Lausanne. The US also ratified the Anglo-American Palestine Mandate Convention. It did, and still does, recognize Palestinian nationality and statehood as a matter of inter-temporal law. In 1995 the State Department published a Memorandum of Conversation between William Crawford Jr. and Mr. Shaul Bar-Haim from the Israeli Embassy (February 7, 1963) regarding Jerusalem. Bar-Haim said “The use of the term “Palestine” is historical fiction; it encourages the Palestine entity concept; its “revived usage enrages” individual Israelis”. Crawford replied “It is difficult to see how it “enrages” Israeli opinion. The practice is consistent with the fact that, ”in a de jure sense”, Jerusalem was part of Palestine and has not since become part of any other sovereignty. That it was not a simple matter, since there was a ”quota nationality”, in regard to which U.S. legislation and regulation continue to employ the term Palestine. See Foreign Relations of the United States, 1961-1963, Vol. Xviii, Near East, United States. Dept. of State, G.P.O., 1995, ISBN 0160451590, page 341.
US immigration law, U.S. TITLE 8, CHAPTER 12, § 1101. Definitions says “(a) As used in this chapter— (14) The term “foreign state” includes outlying possessions of a foreign state, but self-governing dominions or territories under mandate or trusteeship shall be regarded as separate foreign states.
Here are a few examples of the legal consequences of those treaties:
*The decision of the United States District Court for the District of Columbia in Kletter v. Dulles (1950):
The contention of the plaintiff that Palestine, while under the League of Nations mandate, was not a foreign state within the meaning of the statute is wholly without merit.
When the Congress speaks of a ‘foreign State,’ it means a country which is not the United States, or its possession or colony- an alien country- other than our own, bearing in mind that the average American, when he speaks of a ‘foreigner,’ means an alien, non- American. Uyeno v. Acheson, D.C., 96 F.Supp. 510.
Furthermore, it is not for the judiciary, but for the political branches of the Government to determine that Palestine at that time was a foreign state. This the Executive branch of the Government did in 1932 with respect to the operation of the most favored nations provision in treaties of commerce.
*The former Attorney General of Palestine, a Jewish expert on international law named Norman Bentwich, published an article in the British Yearbook of International Law in 1946. Bentwich explained that the Courts of Palestine had just decided that title to the properties shown on the Ottoman Civil list had been ceded to the government of Palestine as an ”allied successor state’‘ and that Article 60 of the Treaty of Lausanne could not be legally challenged in the Courts of Palestine. The article is available online, See Professor N. Bentwich, “State Succession and Act of State in the Palestine Courts”, XXIII British Year Book Of International Law, 1946, pages 330-333.
*Hersh Lauterpacht also reported on that same case. You might recall that Zionists insisted that Jewish settlers in Palestine be allowed close settlement on surplus “State lands” of Palestine in accordance with the explicit terms of Article 6 of the Mandate. The Courts of Palestine ruled that the Mandate was only legally enforceable in so far as it had been incorporated in domestic enabling legislation. The Palestine Treaty of Peace (Turkey) Amendment Ordinance, 1926, added Article 60 of the Treaty of Lausanne to the Schedule of the Treaty of Peace (Turkey) Ordinance, 1925. Article 60 of the Treaty of Lausanne stipulated that:
The States in favour of which territory was or is detached from the Ottoman Empire after the Balkan wars or by the present Treaty shall acquire, without payment, all the property and possessions of the Ottoman Empire situated therein.
The Supreme Court of Palestine settled a dispute with the heirs of the Sultan when it ruled that Turkey’s ratification of the Treaty of Lausanne was a valid act of state that ceded lands and properties on the Ottoman civil lists to the successor states, including Palestine. It was not a matter that was subject to private claims or challenges in the Courts of Palestine. See Hersh Lauterpacht (editor), International Law Reports, Volume 14, Cambridge University Press, 1951, pages 36-40.
*Norman Bentwich had already written another article which explained that the coming into force of Article 30 of the Treaty of Lausanne on August 26, 1924 allowed the governments of the States of Palestine, Syria, and Iraq to issue Nationality Acts. According to Bentwich, the guiding principle adopted was that Ottoman subjects habitually resident in the detached territories became ipso facto nationals of the State to which the territory had been transferred. http://heinonline.org/HOL/LandingPage?collection=journals&handle=hein.journals/byrint7&div=10&id=&page=
*The International Law Reports annual summarized a decision by the Mixed Courts of Egypt which had ruled that the former Ottoman territories placed under Mandate had the character of regular States, and that their inhabitants possessed the nationality of those States in accordance with Article 30 of the Treaty of Lausanne. The Court held that the Arab plaintiff had Palestinian nationality, and was a foreign subject in Egypt. — Reports: Gazette des Tribunaux – Mixtes, 1926, p. 119; 53 Clunet (1926), p.1069 cited in Case No 34 “Mandated States”, John Fischer Williams, Hersh Lauterpacht (editors), International Law Reports, Volume 3, Cambridge University Press, 1929, page 48 http://books.google.com/books?id=MFexbdGJeh8C&lpg=PA48&pg=PA48#v=onepage&q&f=false
All of those cases and many more are cited in volume 1 of the US State Department’s (aka Whiteman’s) Digest of International Law, GPO, 1963. It contains an entire Chapter devoted to the various types of States, including the "Mandated States".
You should also be aware of the fact that Palestine was not a Jewish state, since Article 6 of the mandate instrument specifically prohibited Jewish settlement of any "State land or Waste land" required for public use.
Phil and Donald: "Kenneth Marcus, the longtime Israel advocate who now heads the office of civil rights at Trump’s Education Department, is reopening a case that the Obama administration dismissed, of alleged anti-semitism on the part of Palestinian solidarity activists at Rutgers in 2011."
But Zionism isn't an inherently "ethnic" characteristic, since there have always been anti-Zionist Jews and anti-Zionist Jewish religious streams. Marcus and the State have a legal duty to accommodate them too.
For example, Marcus has noted that "Congress elected not to prohibit religious discrimination in Title VI, and anti-Semitism is, among other things, a form of religious discrimination." ..."In late 2004, OCR finally determined that Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 prohibits anti-Semitic harassment at federally funded public and private universities, except to the extent that the harassment is exclusively based on tenets of the student's religious faith. In other words, OCR policy now treats anti-Semitic harassment as prohibited racial or ethnic harassment except when it is clearly limited to religious belief rather than ancestral heritage."
So Christians, Muslims, and even Secular Humanists are entitled to claims of equality and non-discrimination, while condemning Zionism, on purely "religious" grounds. Kenneth L. Marcus, (then) Staff Director, U.S. Commission on Civil Rights noted that the Office of Civil Rights (OCR) issued a public “Dear Colleague” letter informing recipient institutions of its new enforcement approach to take action when institutions fostered anti-Semitic or Islamophobic atmosphere on school campuses. This guidance letter, issued to over 20,000 colleges, universities, public school districts, and state education departments, announced OCR’s decision to “exercise its jurisdiction to enforce the Title VI prohibition against national origin discrimination, regardless of whether the groups targeted for discrimination also exhibit religious characteristics” and thus “aggressively investigate alleged race or ethnic harassment against Arab Muslim, Sikh and Jewish students.” See Kenneth L. Marcus, Anti-Zionism as Racism: Campus Anti-Semitism and the Civil Rights Act of 1964, 15 Wm. & Mary Bill of Rts. J. 837 (2007) http://scholarship.law.wm.edu/wmborj/vol15/iss3/4
Phil and Donald: "Yes imagine a discrimination standard for anti-Palestinianism, one that would define hateful statements about Palestinians as civil rights violations."
FYI, the United States government has legally recognized Palestinian national origin in our immigration and naturalization laws ever since we ratified the Palestine Mandate Convention. That means Palestinian national origin has always been a "protected characteristic under our civil rights laws, from their inception. So it is violation to make hateful statements about Palestinians. See for example:
"Lawsuits Alleging Religious and National Origin Discrimination involving the Muslim, Sikh, Arab, Middle Eastern and South Asian Communities" https://www.eeoc.gov/eeoc/litigation/selected/religion_nationalorigin.cfm
*National Tire & Battery (CDO) filed 6/26/15, resolved 10/19/15 ($22,000) - Defendant, an operator of auto service centers, subjected Charging Party, a mechanic, to harassment because of his religion (Islam), and national origin (Arab and Palestinian).
*Swift Aviation Group (PXDO) filed 9/4/12, resolved July 24, 2013 ($50,000) - Defendant, an aeronautical services company, located at Phoenix Sky Harbor Airport subjected Charging Party to harassment ("I don't know why we don't just kill all them towelheads" and derogatory jokes about terrorists and Arabs) because of his national origin (Turkish/Palestinian) and religion (Islam) which resulted in his constructive discharge after defendant failed to stop the harassment.
*Monocle Restaurant (CTDO) filed 4/14/10, resolved 5/16/11 ($35,000) - Charging Parties, two waiters, were harassed because of their religion (Islam) and national origins (Palestinian and Moroccan).
*Project Group of Illinois (CHDO) filed 3/29/07, resolved 10/9/08 ($25,000) - Charging Party, a Palestinian Muslim, was subjected to derogatory remarks about her head covering and was referred to as a terrorist.
*Sequa Corporation d/b/a Chromalloy Castings (MMDO) filed 9/30/02, resolved 3/31/04 ($52,000) - Charging Party is Palestinian. He was discharged days after 9/11.