Thank you. This is very informative. One question lingers with me. I had a colleague who was raised in Haifa and reported that he served in the Irgun. He said one that when he was a child there were only Arabs in Haifa; Jewish, Muslim and Christian Arabs. I may be wrong, but I’m assuming that my colleague and his buddies shared a common geneology or genetic traits (Different for example from Persian Jews or Muslims). Of course the first language of my friend and his friends was Arabic.
From the essay, the Jewish nation is not identified by Judaism or any other religious practice, but by some underlying genetic or geneological traits.
How then do Arabs, whose religious practice of Judaism traces back to well before the common era fit into this idea of a Jewish nationality? Are they grandfathered? Assuming that the tale of Roman expulsion is true, aren’t they the ones who stayed and then refused the pressures of conversion?