And the Settlers, from the Diaspora; should they go back, too? No, because God loves them so much. Arab farmers, planting and caring for olive trees, they must go; while punk suprema-Jews, destroying olive trees, they'll stay. Yeah, because clearly, that's what The Land wants. Jews need a Homeland, as there we're the Masters. Power; sweet.
It wasn't the same Reform Jews, as those who'd rejected Jewish nationalism, who accepted Zionism. It was a generation later; and, it included newly-immigrated European Reform Jews, who weren't integrated Americans. Although there were some early-20th-century Reform Jews who did put up a good fight against Zionism, there were enough who yielded to the excitement of the new cause, to enable tipping the movement away from its founding principles. And it was, to some degree, a reaction to America slamming the door to further Jewish immigration, because of America's difficulty in digesting all those tribal luftmenschen, prone to either radical socialism or shyster capitalism. Zion was attractive, as someplace else to direct the tide of European Jews; and, as an anti-assimilationist, Gentile-free, health-ghetto utopian experiment. It seems possible, so far, for Reform Jews to live in their progressive pockets, within the fundamentalist-military-nationalist Israeli mainstream; while living their zio-utopian dream. But Reform-Zionism has no future among Diaspora youth, who can see Zion for what it really was destined to become.
No-one wanted to divide the Land. The Zionists agreed to Partition, only because they saw it as their first step in getting all the land. The American Zionists went to the small, 3rd-world, UN-member nations, who of course supported Palesitinian self-determination, and threatened them, that if they voted against partition, the Zionist lobby would then prevent their receipt of any US aid. Magnes clearly saw that Partition would result in endless war and hatred. He begged President Truman, to oppose any unnatural partition, and for the US to instead take up the Mandate, and organize Jews and Arabs to govern Palestine together. But Truman was a Protestant rube who wanted Jews' 'return' to the Holy Land, where Jesus could find them all. Wait; does this mean, we can't just sit back, and let the US President solve all our problems? No, that's treasonous crazytalk! Hail to the Chief.
"Someday Returning to Zion," for Jews, was an abstract belief in reunification in the distant future, as a means of preserving tribal identity and loyalty in the Diaspora. The idea of a Jewish state was broadly considered highly dangerous, sure to provoke antisemitic backlash. But when nationalism, which had been seen as "false messiah," swept through Europe in the 19th century, Jews weren't all immune. In the 20th century, successful/integrated Diaspora Jews, fearing for their status, fought back against Jewish nationalism; but were outnumbered by the new waves of poor immigrant Jews, excited by the prospect of a Jewish land-grab. Everyone knew that Arabs would need to be removed; but, brown-skinned, rural people, in general, weren't considered fully human. Magnes was one of the few Americans to actually move there, with his family; and, unlike the Europeans, for whom racism was the norm, he could see that the only realistic path of peace, was bi-nationalism. But being 'right,' and $2, will get you a cup of coffee; as they say. '2000-Year-Return,' was re-crafted for defending the indefensible. As predicted, a state is turbocharging global antisemitism; and, the Diaspora increasingly recognizes this liability; especially now early Israeli secularism has waned, and religious-nationalism dominates. But still, many good folks, like this lady in white, just can't let go her identity-nation's beachfront property. It's safe to assume, Diaspora Zionists will hang on to their ethno-colony; 'til finally forced, by political realities, to loose their ownership grip, and let it return to its own people.
"Them", clearly and specifically refers to settlers and colonialists; while those (few) Jews who want a binational state, are, by definition, neither of those. In the long run, binationalism is indeed the 'realistic' path, to a sustainable homeland for Israeli Jews, as an equal community, sharing, with that of the Palestinians, the whole of Palestine. There's nothing in the poem, indicating that the enemy are all/any Jews, per se. She calls for an Arab Palestine; but not, necessarily, exclusively so. Though, naturally, Jews who want an exclusively Jewish land, will read their own terrorism into her resistance.
Each Jew can read the Old Book, by him/herself, and take away whatever seems relevant. Sure, some Jews find a real-estate deed; but that's what they're looking for. Early USAmericans found God's approval of chattel slavery. So what? That's not 'Judaism'; that's only: a very old book, containing ancient ideas. Nazis could easily have found God's approval of genocide, there, if needed. Maybe they did. Puritans of the Massachusetts Colony certainly did. It's an historically-interesting tome, filled with some beautiful poetry and lots of crazy old crap. It's a book, written/edited by many different people, who told the truest myths they could imagine, in their time. The Palestinian 'Arabs'--who are possibly descendants of the biblical 'Israelites'--reject European occupiers; which they'd do, regardless of which foreign settler-colonialists showed up. If some folks believe that God wants them to possess other people's land; that's a big problem, for everybody else. Everyone can believe whatever they want; but, if they make trouble, they'll get trouble. As the Old Book says, "Pride goeth before destruction, and an haughty spirit before a fall." AIPAC's clearly asking for it; and, no doubt, God will accommodate.
The 'troublemakers' of early Zionism--the small group called 'Brit Shalom' (Covenant of Peace), later 'Ihud' (Union), including most notably Martin Buber and Judah Magnes, of Hebrew University--were promoting this same idea: a single, bi-national state, with autonomous-yet-co-dwelling communities of Jews and Arabs. They were seriously hated by most other 'Palestinian' Jews, of course, who simply wanted the Arabs to get 'relocated' elsewhere. But those few eggheads could clearly see, Jewish hegemony in Palestine wasn't a long-term sustainable path. After Britain gave up the mandate, Magnes flew to Washington DC and begged Truman to take it up and facilitate transition to a bi-national political order, which the Brits had never wanted to do. But, because Democrats needed the Jewish vote, in NY and Chicago...Truman pissed the chance away. Magnes predicted two centuries of war between Jews and Arabs, in the event of the establishment of a Jewish state in Palestine; and, so far, his prediction seems clear-sighted. I guess the take-away is: proclaim your truth, no matter how much abuse is heaped on your head; because, someday, in the far future, people will say, "Yeah, those few nuts, as it turns out, they were actually the wise men, crying in the wilderness."