The heart of the matter has always been holding to the pipe dream of a “pure” ethnic state. Yet such has been a major part of Judaism since its beginning. Only in the 1800’s when Jews were emancipated were the Jews faced with an existential question they had not faced previously: Should the assimilate to the extant they would be participating members of the larger society as a whole, or should they retreat within their own self-imposed “ghetto”? Before this time, there was no worry. the larger society as a whole allowed or more likely, forcibly imposed this segregation of Jewish society from its neighbors. But, what happens when those artificial barriers are lifted? Zionism is the reaction to emancipation. It is the creation of an artificial “ghetto” or “shtetl”. Yet reality has a nasty habit of reasserting itself. Will the Jews give Palestinians equal rights in Israeli society? If they do, no matter how much Netanyahu and his friends beg and threaten, Israel will cease to be a “Jewish” state. Frankly, one of the things I despised about the Obama administration was the use of the phrase “Jewish state”. A state is a state is a state…it is not up to the US or anyone else to define it. If Israel wants to keep the land and transfer the indigenous population, a regional war will ensue and the idea of Israel will be buried under all the bodies. Finally, it the Jews decide to keep the land and make the Palestinians residents of “bantustans”, the world will sanction Israel endlessly and it will cease to be a modern state in any sense of the word.