(Jeffb: This is in response to your last post in this thread, since the site won’t allow a direct link to it.)
Clearly there are expert disagreements on the issue of whether the 1st Amendment applies abroad (i.e., it’s not a “new one”):
“But to suggest that the Establishment Clause can never apply beyond our borders would be an emasculation of that critical pillar of the First Amendment that ensures religious liberty for all Americans and whose underlying principle of governmental neutrality informs a proper understanding of religious liberty abroad,” Walker said.
The Chicago Council on Global Affairs report cited in the above link is in PDF here:
Also, you haven’t clearly answered whether Israel is a religious Jewish state or an ethnic one. Possibly there is no answer to that question, in the same way as there is no consensus as to what defines the condition of being Jewish.