It is the first responsibility of a government to protect its citizens. On one hand, Israel is doing a pretty good job fulfilling its responsibility. On the other hand, Hamas has totally abdicated its responsibility. In the years since the last war in Gaza, Hamas has shown it expected another war by constructing tunnels, acquiring rockets, expending its arsenal, and training its military forces. However, during that time, it did nothing that would protect the people it is responsible for in the upcoming conflict. Based on the two previous wars, it could be expected that Israel would bomb Gaza. However, apparently Hamas did not build any bomb shelters. During the bombing of both the UK and Germany during WWII, the respective governments opened up tunnels, such as subways, where they existed. Hamas apparently has not opened up its tunnels to protect the Gaza residents. Hamas apparently never prepared any evacuation plans by working with UNRHA or any NGO to set up safe areas. When warned by Israel that an attack on Sheja’iah was imminent, Hamas apparently failed to take any action to evacuate the residents. Caught between Israeli firepower and Hamas’ abdication of its responsibility to protect, there was a human tragedy in Sheja’iah. I have sadly concluded, that Hamas’ absolute and total failure to fulfill its basic responsibility to protect indicates that it is not a government. Rather, it is a non-state actor, and the terrorist organization that the civilized world has classified it.