Thank you for taking the time to reply in detail to my post.
Assuming the validity of the model that posits two, discrete kinds of guilt, without overlap, one healthy and useful, leading to contrition and attempts to ameliorate, and the other counterproductive and pathological, leading to further crimes, still, a population as large as that of Israeli Jews is not likely to be composed of a huge majority of one and very few of the other. A group numbering in the millions, one would think, would have plenty of folks representing both kinds of guilt.
“The comparison with SA is appropriate but only up to a point. For Israeli Jews the existence of Israel is a matter of life and death. They believe that without Israel all Jews will perish. This is why from their point of view they cannot *afford* to reflect too deeply or take any reflections to their logical conclusion. The logical conclusion will mean an end to an exclusively Jewish state and the creation of a one state for all. To most Israeli Jews this translate to annihiliation. It is really important to understand all of this when we try to make sense of what Israel does and what it is. I am intimately familar with this because I was a product of Israeli upbriniging and education and for a long long time was still immersed in the same psychology, even long after I left.”
No doubt, you have first hand understanding of Israeli Jews, but I think you dismiss the analogy with white South Africans, particularly the Boers, too easily.
For the Boers too had a notion that the existence of the apartheid State was a matter of life and death for their people. They too believed that racial equality would lead to the destruction of their people, and, perhaps also similar to many Israeli Jews, there was also a strong religious element at work here.
Apartheid, like Zionism, was many things. It had a secular, pseudo scientific side. It was also grounded in the Boer historical experience, which, while not the same as the Holocaust, did involve taking on the British Empire at its height, and then being subjected to near genocidal measures (concentration camps, forced clearing of villages, killing of civilians) as that Empire was unable to crush the Boer Rebellion in any other way.
Also like the Jews, perhaps even more so, the Boers are and were always a relatively small group, when viewed in a worldwide context. For the Boers, they were surrounded by Black Africans who, naturally enough, hated them. And, beyond that, by an indifferent Western world, ready, as they saw it, to sell them out to gain favor with a larger constituency. Sounds familiar, right, viz a viz Israeli Jews and the Arab and Muslim worlds and the West? And both Israel and the RSA went hyper military, all the way to the point of nuclear weapons, to address their fears. Both also had “an enemy within” as well as enemies outside of its borders. Both also routinely violated the sovereignty of their neighbors, again, as they treated their own fears as license to do unto others anything that appeared to assuage those fears. Etc, etc.
Furthermore, there was a strong religious, messianic, persecution complex component to apartheid as well, again, similar to Zionism.
I would also point out that, unlike the Zionists, the Boers actually did have a three hundred year history in the land of South Africa. Unlike the Zionists, the most ancient of which got off the boat in Palestine in the late 1800’s, with many more arriving much later, right down to the present day, the Boers were, by the late 20th century, truly indigenous to Africa, and, perhaps more importantly, literally had nowhere else to go. And, of course, there were few Boers elsewhere, unlike the still large Diaspora Jewish population. And so the notion that their very survival as Boers was bound up with the suprematist nature of their polity was even stronger than that it is for Jews in Israel.
Thus, all the things in life that matter, material, spiritual, community, history, etc, were bound up in apartheid. And yet it fell to sanctions, eventually.
Edited to add, re your further comments, that apartheid was also very much a cult, that the education system in the RSA was much like what is described in Israel, that young men in the RSA were called upon to do terrible deeds in the townships, in the bush, and across the borders, etc.