Certainly not the Arabs, according to the leading Zionist expert on 1948. In fact, not even a general call to arms was issued!
“Through the civil war, the mufti and the AHC never issued a general call to arms or a blanket order to attack “the Yishuv.” Neither did the Arab states. British intelligence assessed that at the Arab League’s Cairo Conference in December 1947 the Arab leaders agreed that “the campaign must not start prematurely, for the Arabs are not ready, neither organized or armed. The first real move should be made in May, by when the Mandate will have terminated.” It appears that the Arab leaders were primarily motivated by fear of antagonising the British.
The mufti and AHC desisted from ordering a general assault on the Yishuv, at least in the civil war’s first three or four months, probably in large measure because of their inability to raise another full-scale military enterprise so soon after the crushing defeat in 1939 and because of Palestinian unpreparedness. But they also took account of the needs of Palestinian peasantry – to defer large-scale fighting until after the harvests of citrus fruit in the Costal Plain in winter 1947-1948 and, perhaps, the start of the grain harvest in spring 1948 – and the minatory British presence. The mufti repeatedly told visiting notables to keep their powder dry until a general assault was ordered several months hence. But the order was never issued. The mufti was probably pre-empted by the start of the Haganah offensive in early April 1948.
In mid-December 1947, one HIS informant told his controller that “the AHC had had no intention of starting disturbances on the scale that they had reached … But they had made a mistake in announcing a three-day strike without taking account of the character of the Arab public; because the Arab going on strike for a protracted period is [prone to be] sucked into all sorts of acts of hooliganism and criminality [pirhahut uviryonut].”
In late December, Husseini reportedly sent Jerusalem NC leader Hussein al-Khalidi a letter explicitly stating that the purpose of the present violence was to “harass (and only to harass)” the Yishuv, not full scale assault. ” Benny Morris – 1948 [p. 97-8]