Gamal, Excuse me, but what exactly is your argument with the content of my comment? I am baffled, there was too little content in your comment for me to fully see what you might be trying to get at. I wish you would read my comments more carefully. Also , did you read the article I provided a link to ? To be clear I believe both the Palestinians Arabs, both Christian and Muslim, and Israeli Jews have national rights , the right of self determination in what was, until partition in 1948, Palestine. Neither the Palestinians nor the Israeli Jews have anywhere else to go but what used to be called Palestine. I say that with particular regard to Israeli Jews whose families came from Arab lands and a Arabic culture . Where BUT Israel CAN they now go , if they wish to remain and maintain their religion and Arabic culture in the Middle East where they originated ? Can you tell me where they should go ? Which Arab country could they return too? The Arabic countries aren’t offering Arab Jews a ” right of return” far from it . Even if Arabic Jews were positively welcomed to return by any Arab country, would those Arabic Jews be safe ? Would their physical safety be possible ? How about freedom to take part in those Arab societies openly without having to hide their Jewishness , as the Jews of Lebanon must do ? So , by and large Arabic Jews mostly live in Israel ( also in North African countries of course. ) They have nowhere else to go but a big ghetto in Israel. ==.=== A big concern of mine is the fact that religious and / or ethnic minorities in the Muslim majority Middle East really seem to struggle to survive alongside the Muslim population. Look at what befell the Greek community in Egypt or for that matter the persecution of Christian Copts, or the fact that most of the refugees who have fled Iraq since 2003 are Christian, ( of course , bearing in mind that responsibility for the instability in Iraq since 2003 lies squarely at the feet of the American led invasion and occupation coalition army) Look at the situation in Syria where you could say Sunni Muslims with the aid of Sunni Muslim Arab states are ganging up on the minority Alawites in Syria? Also in Syria , some fighting seems to have broken out between the Kurds and their fellow Arab Syrians. You ask , rhetorically of course, ( seriously? ) if Iraqi and Egyptian Muslims must be allowed national rights in Palestine since Jews of Arabic background in Iraq and Egypt are allowed them in Palestine. I take it this is what you meant, I find that argument to be facetious in the extreme. The WHOLE of the Middle East appears to belong to the Muslims. When people in the media talk about the Middle East they refer to it as Arab Muslim Middle East, the Arab ( Muslim) world, as part of the wider ISLAMIC world so therefore this idea that the Muslims of the Middle east are hard done by, doesn’t sit well == === I also know about the history of the Jews of Iraq, who made up a third of the population of Baghdad in 1917, the jews had a history in Iraq dating back to 597 B.C. In 1947 the Jewish population centred in Baghdad numbered 118,000. In 2013 , only about seven remain. A history of several thousand years of jewish life in Iraq brought to an end. Of course , you might argue it was all the fault of Zionism, and certainly I can see Zionism was a prime mover in destabilising the Jewish Community of Iraq. However, things were going wrong for the Jews of Iraq well before 1948. The rise of ARAB nationalism, not just Jewish nationalism , plus the cynical manipulations and colonial, imperial rivalries of the British and Germans playing out in Iraq after the collapse of the Ottoman Empire also contributed significantly to the plight of Iraq’s Jews. It is reductive to blame it all on Zionism and to say that because of Zionism ,Arabic Jews must be punished for Zionism ,or their history ignored or downplayed by many including on this website which seems to be dominated by the viewpoint of mostly Ashkenazi Jews who are very assimilated and anti- Israel and very much at home in the West. I see it as being rather hypocritical of such a white person or an assimilated anti- Zionist Jew of Ashkenazi background to pontificate on the evils of what they call ” white privilege ” over the native non white Palestinian population , pillorying Israel for it’s treatment of black Jews and other black migrants in Israel , ( come to think of it, why doesn’t Mondoweiss systematically label Ethiopian Jewish Israeli’s as “ALIEN” interlopers in Palestine in just the same way they persistently label European Jewish Israeli’s as “ALIEN” to the Middle East? Surely by MW standards both ethnic varieties of Israeli Jew ought to be crudely labelled and libelled as “interlopers”— must be all that white man’s guilt Mondoweiss suffers from ) while at the SAME TIME systematically IGNORING the opinions and circumstances and presence and the very EXISTENCE of Arabic Jews in the Jewish diaspora and in Israel. I think Mondoweiss would benefit from much more input from non Ashkenazi , Jews of Arabic background. On a website which claims to be an honest investigation into the Middle East from a chiefly JEWISH point of view, why then ,aren’t non Ashkenazi views and experiences heard from more often on Mondoweiss? That was the point, in part ,of my earlier comment on this thread about the whole notion of ” privilege”.