‘Ha’aretz’ article in Hebrew suggests that racism is inherent in Zionism

There is a great piece up at the Haaretz Hebrew site by Yonatan Mandel, a researcher in the Department of Politics and Government in Beersheba and the Van Leer Institute in Jerusalem. Sol Salbe of the Middle East News Service, Melbourne Australia, translated it, and Ofer Neiman sent it along. My excerpt involves the Ulpana Hill controversy, in which West Bank settlers are facing eviction because their homes were built on Palestinian land. 

This debate is nothing short of astounding. There’s the Israeli government sitting on top of private Palestinian land, and negotiating with the Jewish settlers such details as the compensation level, the number of houses that will be built instead for them as well as moving them into other areas under the responsibility of the “Coordination of Government Activities in the Territories Unit of the Civil Administration in Judea and Samaria”.

It seems as if the Arabs, the ones who actually own the land, are not a party to the dispute. Nobody offers to build ten buildings in the West Bank to compensate them for any building constructed on their land illegally. Nor has anybody suggested them an even fairer compromise proposal, whereby in return for the five buildings that were built illegally in the Arab area beyond the Green Line, the owners will be given five legal buildings for their use in Israel proper inside the Green Line. Such proposal will of course never be considered. Not only does Israel never compensate Palestinians for construction it mainly talks to them in the language of destruction. But the absence of such proposals from the Israeli discourse, and the general absence of Arabs in the discussion, indicate that something in Epstein’s critique has not faded yet, despite the 105 years that have elapsed. The Zionist movement, and now Israel, still do not see the Arabs. So even in 2012, it still seems to have remained the “hidden question”; it remains and annoying buzz that there is really no need to address. The problem is that today there are far fewer ears that can hear the crying. 

About Philip Weiss

Philip Weiss is Founder and Co-Editor of Mondoweiss.net.
Posted in Israel Lobby, Israel/Palestine, Media

{ 45 comments... read them below or add one }

  1. seafoid says:

    the Arabs this, the Arabs that

    Not calling them Palestinians is already a strong sign of Ziocaine abuse

    • piotr says:

      I think this is too picky. After all, Americans, Canadians etc. are “Anglo-Saxon nations” (sorry, Quebecers etc.), and Palestinians are an Arab nation. And there are tricky questions “are Beduins Palestinians”. Thus while it is true that some old-fashioned Zionists insists on avoiding word “Palestinian”, the word can be used innocently. And in this article, it is.

      • pabelmont says:

        Are Bedu “Palestinians”? Why not, if they were born in Palestine? Arabs? Of coruse, if Arabic is their language.

        How about asking if Yemeni and Moroccan Jews whose native language is/was Arabic are “Arabs” (whatever in the world else does “Arab” mean than a native Arabic speaker)?

    • W.Jones says:

      English speaking Anglicans in America, Australia, Jamaica, and Canada are not called “English”.

      Arab-speaking followers of Judaism across the Middle East aren’t simply called Arabs.

      But Arab-speaking Christians and Muslims in the Holy Land are simply called “the Arabs” by writers like the author as the term of choice.

      What happened to all the millions of people who spoke Aramaic and Coptic across the Middle East before the Arab conquests? Before, they were Phoenecians and Syrians, etc. but now they are just Arab invaders from the Arabian deserts?

      • homingpigeon says:

        As with the question of what defines a Jew, the definition of being an Arab can vary depending on the time and place and who is asking the question and what point they are trying to make with the answer. No one definition is complete and all definitions will have exceptions that don’t fit. ts has at times referred specifically to the nomadic tribes. It can also be a reference to having an Arab male ancestor in the case of several African communities. It also refers to people who speak Arabic. The historian Hourani wrote that anyone who speaks Arabic and considers himself an Arab is an Arab.

        I know “Arabs” who say that their ancestors were Berber or Armenian but that they are now Arabized. I also know Berbers and Armenians who make it clear that they are still Berber and Armenian. I have heard Iraqi Jews arguing with each other about whether or not they are Arab.

        So yes, the millions of people across the middle east who spoke Aramaic and Coptic who gradually adopted the Arabic language and culture for the most part consider themselves as Arabs, even if they are Christian. Then again some Lebanese Christians will make a case that they are really Phoenician. The Zazidis in Iraq – small mysterious minority – are mostly Kurdish but there are two villages that speak Arabic and will identify as Arab, definitely depending on who is asking and what they intend to do with the answer.

        Palestinians are a geographic subset of the Arabic speaking community and are not troubled by being referred to as Arab. But then of course you have the Druse who threw in their lot with the Zionists. They will tell you they are Arab if you are an Arab asking them in Arabic – but if you are an Israeli asking them in Hebrew they will say they are Druse. Individual Druse repudiating the collaboration with Israel will tell you they are Palestinian Arab Druse. Other Palestinian minorities who may or may not refer to themselves as Arab include Uzbeks, Chechens, Circassians, Bukharis, Bosnians, Armenians, Chaldeans, and Assyrians. Some might even call themselves Israeli. And for good measure you’ve got a few hundred Samaritan Palestinians who speak Arabic and consider themselves the only true Jews in the world, the rest being imposters. Go figure.

        I suppose my points are that people are usually what they define themselves to be and that the situation can lend itself to lots of useless arguments about ethnicity.

        • W.Jones says:

          Homingpigeon,

          You made alot of good comments.

          I would add though that it is not clear they are really all Arabs in the same sense however.

          There is Galicia in northern Spain, and there is Galicia in Western Ukraine. However, it appears they are not really Galicians in the same category: Galicia in Spain it seems to me was likely named after groups of Gauls, a large ethnicity in Europe centuries ago.
          Galicia in West Ukraine, on the other hand, was named after the city of Galych there. The general opinion is that Galych wasn’t named after the Gauls, but rather something else, like “Gals”- a Greek word for salt as there were salt mines in the area.

          So while both groups of people could call themselves Galicians, they really are in completely separate categories of the term.

          Similarly when it comes to the terms of Jews and Arabs, it sounds from your remarks that people can belong to completely different categories even when using the same one of these terms

          For example, a person who accepted Judaism and accepted this as their identity is one in a completely different category of the term than someone who has a Jewish ethnic background going back to the ancient Kingdom of Judah. It seems to me most logical to only consider someone from the second category Jewish in a biological sense.

          So I would only consider someone biologically English, French, or Arab if at least one of their ancestors came from England, France, or Arabia.

          Everyone else who simply joined an English, French, Jewish, or Arab community outside those homelands would only belong to those groups in a cultural sense. Thus, strictly speaking, Palestinians lacking descent from Arabians are not biologically Arab.

          Regards.

          P.S. Based on genetic tests and cultural similarities, my impression is that the Bedouins may actually be biologically “Arab”, descended in part from nomadic Arabian tribes. This was mentioned in a genetic study by Hebrew University, which concluded many Palestinians had Jewish ancestry. Ironically and sadly, these results didn’t seem to have much effect on improving such an “ethnic” State’s treatment of Palestinian villages.

  2. ahadhaadam says:

    well duh… the colonialist never sees the natives as people. He realizes they exists only when they resort to (counter) violence.

  3. seafoid says:

    Israel Jewish institutional hatred of Palestinians is systematic

    link to haaretz.com

    Israel admits it revoked residency rights of a quarter million Palestinians
    Many of those prevented from returning were students or young professionals, working aboard to support their families.
    Israel stripped more than 100,000 residents of Gaza and some 140,000 residents of the West Bank of their residency rights during the 27 years between its conquest of the territories in 1967 and the establishment of the Palestinian Authority in 1994.
    As a result, close to 250,000 Palestinians who left the territories were barred from ever returning.

    link to haaretz.com

    What is not common knowledge in the Beltway is that the Kirk Amendment got its start in the Jerusalem office of MK Einat Wilf (Atzmaut ), who toiled for months, together with AIPAC lobbyists and Kirk’s staff, to promote the change.
    Last September, as the Palestinians prepared their unilateral bid at the UN, Wilf met with representatives of the pro-Israel lobby in Israel.

  4. yourstruly says:

    even though it subsequently (yielding to pressure from the u.s. government) reversed itself, the u.n.g.a. had it right when it equated zionism with racism. how could it be otherwise, given the one about a land without a people for a people without a land?

  5. Where is the racism? A thief or robber isn’t necessarily racist toward his victim.
    I was once mugged by a black guy in New York City. I don’t think I was mugged out of racism but because I was a dumb German tourist.

    • I doubt he had a separatist, supremacist agenda for his mugging. Or that Palestinians are dumb tourists, much as though you’d like to believe it.

    • Woody Tanaka says:

      The racism (really bigotry which is the equivalent of racism) is that it posits benefits to one group and legal liabilities and detriments to another based on their ethno-religous background, in contravention to their rights as people.

    • piotr says:

      Prejudice against dumb people used to be very common, and while the dumb people experience big political gains, it still happens. Elitist muggers.

    • Basilio says:

      That’s because the Jews there are not stealing from each other. They’re stealing from the Arabs. Also, racial epithets are often used towards Arabs. When whites in North America stole from the Indians they were racist towards the Indians. There’s no doubt about it. They weren’t randomly stealing from other whites. That should clue you in.

  6. Looking for racism in Israel

    The best take on that was Adam Horowitz’ on-the-street interviews in Jerusalem. Especially the woman in the white dress he interviewed. She plainly stated that Jews are on the top of the hierarchy of mankind.

    • American says:

      “She plainly stated that Jews are on the top of the hierarchy of mankind.”

      hummm…..be careful who you step on your way up, you’re going to meet them on your way down.

      • Basilio says:

        I don’t know where you’re quoting that from. It’s not in the article.

        • @Basilio – Do you mean where I am quoting from?

          I quoted from Adam Horowitz’ video “Where ya from?” – Interviews in Jerusalem. (You can search the video of the interviews on this web site.)
          The Israeli lady in the white dress said this in the interview:

          - “We, the Jewish people, are the chosen nation.”
          - “You people [she took Adam for a Christian American] don’t recognize that there is a hierarchy and on the top of the hierarchy is the Jewish nation.”
          - “We are the most unique and special” – “The Jews are on the top”

        • American says:

          It’ not a quote it’s an old truism…….meaning something like the people you screwed over or cheated to get ahead aren’t going to offer you any sympathy or help when you fall back down to the bottom.

        • klaus, do you mean “‘Where ya from?’: On-the-street interviews with Jewish Israelis” by Deppen Webber?

          link to mondoweiss.net

          i do not think this is ‘adam’s video’.

        • Yes Annie, thanks for the link. (I didn’t know how to link it.)
          But who is Deppen Webber?

        • (I didn’t know how to link it.)

          do you know how to copy/paste? all you have to do is copy the url and paste it into the comment. let me know if you do not know how to find a url.

          Deppen Webber is one of our contributors.

          if you want to know more i would suggest you google his name. this link pops right up:

          link to mondoweiss.net

        • Mooser says:

          Thank you Klaus, for warning us about Jewish supremacist tendencies. Of course, one would think the warning is unnecessary, considering how ethno-religious supremacism is a Jewish-exclusive trait.

    • YoungMassJew says:

      And I bet a majority of Jews (youngish) in America would most likely say similar things if interviewed… Seriously, nothing drives me crazy more than when Jews think their superior just because of their inate Jewishness. I’ve met too many Jews with the mentality that just because their Jewish, and supposedly smart of course, that they just know what they’re talking about and talk down to minorities, especially people of color. Or that they can get into the minds of African Americans and just know that they’re anti-Semitic. I once heard someone, I won’t say exactly who because they’re a member of my family and I actually like this person as I think he’s just ignorant not racist, say that a black recepionist who gets fired will sue the Jewish doctor regardless of the circumstances of the firing because black people have just an innate bias against Jews. I’ve never had any problems with African Americans as I would say they’re equally as friendly as any other ethnic group, maybe even more friendly among white people because they have to worry about being seen through the “angry black person” stereotype.

      • Avi_G. says:

        I’ve never had any problems with African Americans as I would say they’re equally as friendly as any other ethnic group, maybe even more friendly among white people because they have to worry about being seen through the “angry black person” stereotype.

        There is also a sort of Stockholm Syndrome at work in such cases. African Americans — having been enslaved and discriminated against in the past — have come to see the so-called white man as superior, they admire his accomplishments and admire his culture as he, the proverbial white man, becomes their role model.

        This same relationship exists in other countries that have a majority-minority population.

      • aiman says:

        “I’ve met too many Jews with the mentality that just because their Jewish, and supposedly smart of course, that they just know what they’re talking about and talk down to minorities, especially people of color.”

        This has got to be one of the most fantastical myths that is continually peddled even by some scientific journals. For example, in Moorish Spain the Muslim philosophers were the mentors of Jewish philosophers. That was not because the Moorish philosophers were more biologically brilliant but their cultural and political environment allowed them to exercise their minds in particular ways. Similarly, people in African countries have not had those social and political arrangements that Europe has had. That Jews are more intelligent than Gentiles is a myth in the same vein. It is about the atmosphere and accommodation of fields of employment, social opportunities, familiarity with the preferred academic/public sphere vocabulary and the socio-economic landscape.

        Furthermore, the majority have made no contribution to the Enlightenment that they sometimes lord on top of others. For example, the eternally bigoted and supremely ignorant writer Sam Harris tells us that “you can wander blindfolded into a Barnes & Noble, and the first book you pick off the shelf will have more wisdom than the Quran.” Saul Bellow was on record saying: “Who is the Tolstoy of the Zulus? The Proust of the Papuans? I’d be glad to read him.” How these fools are considered “rational” and intellectual is beyond me.

        • MRW says:

          aiman,

          Not only would Saul Bellow be incapable of reading the “Tolstoy of the Zulus,” because he can’t speak the language, but he is woefully ignorant of history. Timbuktu was the site of three universities with over 20,000 students in one univ. alone. It housed one of the world’s greatest libraries. Scholars the world over made the trek to it, and the King of the Tauregs was a learned, educated, and visionary man.

          Meantime, Bellow’s ancestors were trading chickens and eggs in a shtetl, and getting orders from a rabbi because they couldn’t (were not allowed to) read.

          “Legacy of Timbuktu” Exhibit Heading to Texas
          Timbuktu Manuscripts

          Millions of ancient manuscripts from Timbuktu and West Africa radically changed the image and legacy of Africans and African Americans in world history. Dismissed for centuries as simple and illiterate by the West, a flood of recently resurfaced documents in Africa clearly prove the existance of higly literate and complex societies that valued education more than their vast reserves of gold.

          The Legacy of Timbuktu exhibit will walk visitors thorugh the highly literate culture that flourished in the City of Timbuktu beginning in the 14th century [actually 800 AD], clearly refuting stereotypical depictions of a strictly oral history tradition. The most significant benefit of the exhibit is the documented knowledge that African Americans will learn, particularly the youth, of the literacy of their ancestors and the positive contributions that Africans made to the world community.

          The feature attraction of the exhibit will be a display of rare African manuscripts that prove the dominance of literacy and learning characterizing Timbuktu for over 700 years. There is an estimated one million manuscripts that have been re-discovered in the West African country of Mali in recent years. There will also be interactive, instructional spaces designed especially for children. The exhibit will be supplemented with educational and outreach programs that deliver this critically important message outside of the museum walls.

          And

          The Malians and other West Africans are determined to write the history of West Africa from an African perspective and the translation of books with ancient African knowledge in the sciences, mathematics, letters, poetry, physics, medicinie and other important disciplines will help
          elevate Africa and Blacks worldwide.

          The University of Timbuktu was one of the most important universities during the Middle Ages and it followed a very ancient system of African education called the “age grade” system, where African communities were educated through a system of age levels till old age. This system included the very sophisticated system of trade guilds and secret societies where subjects like astronomy, metalurgy, crafts, playing musical instruments, learning to translate on “talking drums,” and “talking harps,” writing, reciting and telling history, leadership, healing and traditional medicine, civics and a number of important trades and skills were taught.

          According to African sources, some of the manuscripts are in a very fragile condition and the help of experts is needed to help save and preserve them. Many of these manuscripts are still kept in the university’s buildings, while others are being kept by African collectors. The sad outcome from this situation is that Africans are being exploited and coaxed to sell their heritage for a few dollars to foreign collectors who remove these fantastic treasures from the African continent. This tragic situation is very dangerous for the future of Africans in Africa and worldwide due to the great amount of scientifiç, medical, cultural and economical knowledge that these books contain.

          Apart from the period of 800 A.D. to 1600 A.D., when the books were written, the history of West Africa and its connection to ancient Mexico’s Olmec (Mende-Shi) civilization covers a period in African history that extends over ten thousand years, when much of the Sahara was wet, and great civilizations and cultures existed in West Africa and the Sahara.

        • aiman says:

          MRW,

          Timbuktu has a stupendous history indeed. My other point was that even if Timbuktu didn’t exist, that would still not justify racism. The knowledge we produce are responses to circumstances and framed within the social and political landscape not to mention the physical landscape. Saul Bellow’s remark was fundamentally racist because he made a claim to Tolstoy and Proust that never existed, even by scientific leaps. A universalist like the older Tolstoy would have found it morally insufferable to be related to anyone by such a (lack of) logic. Also Bellow cannot claim ownership over a tradition, whether literary or cultural, and neither can we. We are merely born into a culture or tradition. We don’t own it. That majority of us didn’t contribute to positive Enlightenment or theological ideals, even though we may enforce them. Some may try to change things for the worse, others make it better.

        • kamanja says:

          “Not only would Saul Bellow be incapable of reading the “Tolstoy of the Zulus,” because he can’t speak the language, but he is woefully ignorant of history. ”

          Saul Bellow’s dead.

      • Mooser says:

        “Seriously, nothing drives me crazy more than when Jews think their superior just because of their inate Jewishness.”

        Our problem, YoungMassJew, will not be even minimally ameliorated until we, far from feigning superiority, finally admit our inferiority and failure. Than, maybe, we might have something to work with. We can’t do anything until we are honest about who we are, as Jews. Of course, we can keep on pretending failure is sucess. It’s endemic with us.

    • aiman says:

      “She plainly stated that Jews are on the top of the hierarchy of mankind.”

      Yes and that is based on “the chain of being” which gained credence in the European Renaissance and went unchallenged, even today it has not been addressed and that’s why you have “worthy” and “unworthy” humans. Like imperialism, this ideology is based on arrogance and ignorance at once.

      That it is celebrated by Zionism is no surprise. But to be be fair there are a number of right-wing, religious and secular, ideologies that would not disagree with it either, each positioning themselves at the top.

  7. Linda J says:

    Repost: Ethiopians Protest March For Acceptance In Israel

    link to spyghana.com

    “Ms. Makurya, a mother of three, said “everything is determined by the colour of my skin.” For many Israelis, the idea that Jews could be racist toward other Jews is anathema. The 1991 airlift, known as Operation Solomon, brought 14,000 Ethiopian Jews to Israel within 36 hours and was greeted at the time with great celebration.”

  8. seafoid says:

    I just got a Ha’aretz sub. It must be hard to be a liberal journalist in Israel now. Life never stops. Processes work themselves out. Israel is already looking very disturbed and things are not going to get better.

  9. RoHa says:

    ” racism is inherent in Zionism”

    Gosh! Really?

    Who’d have thought it?

  10. YoungMassJew says:

    He says that African Americans “go after them” the Jewish doctors. When I called him out on it he goes “I mean white doctors.”

  11. ssalbe says:

    A couple of points
    On the use of the words Arabs: When the original article was written there was only a single Arab nation. The imperialist powers of Britain and France created constructs as Palestine, Syria, Lebanon, Jordan (or more precisely Trans-Jordan) etc a few years later.
    On Haaretz: only about a half of the opinion pieces in the Hebrew Haaretz are published in the English edition. Only some of the news get published. Anyone who have picked up both (especially the Friday weekend editions) would immediately tell one is a lot more weighty than the other. The Middle East News Service that I run try to get some of others translated as well as circulate other hard-to come by stories. My belief is that regardless of politics, everyone will benefit from a greater understanding of Israel and Israelis. [My Arabic is not up to the same standard.]
    The best way to keep up with my news output is to friend me of Facebook:
    link to facebook.com

    • seafoid says:

      link to haaretz.com

      On Tuesday, the South Sudanese didn’t dare go outside, and neither did the Eritreans or the northern Sudanese. For a moment, Eilat turned white.
      The population authority’s eternal spokeswoman, Sabine Haddad, sent an SMS to reporters: “56 in Eilat.” She is the one who organized this hunting party for the media, to show xenophobic Israelis who thirst for mass deportations that their government is “doing something.” More than a few Eilat residents cheered Koby’s team on Tuesday. Others complained that it was too little, too late, using racist, hate-filled language that’s unfit to print.

      The mayor was careful with his language, but not so Eilat residents: The city is filled with signs demanding that the “infiltrators” be expelled – “every last one of them,” as resident Simon Ben-David told me.
      “The fire started in Eilat,” he said. “They bring diseases. I’ve turned from a father into a bodyguard for five children who are afraid to go to the beach alone.”
      Of course they’re afraid. When you frighten others, you’re afraid.

      • seafoid says:

        What is happening to Judaism?

        Israel is deporting refugees to this country :

        link to msf.org.uk

        South Sudan: refugees die in search for water
        Date Published: 12/06/2012 02:18

        People have died as more than 15,000 Sudanese refugees stranded without food or drinking water walked a further 25km to find safety in South Sudan’s Upper Nile State. They are fleeing fighting between the Sudanese Armed Forces and armed groups in neighbouring Sudan.

        Around 35,000 refugees have crossed the border over the past three weeks, as temperatures in the region hit 37˚C.They arrived to find refugee camps that were already overcrowded and struggling to provide enough water for the 70,000 refugees in the area.

        Update 14/06/2012: refugees describe the dire conditions they are facing.

        Medical emergency
        “We went early on Tuesday morning to provide medical assistance and rehydration points along the route,” says Doctor Erna Rijnierse, MSF’s medical team leader.

        “It was a truly shocking sight as we witnessed some of the weakest dying as they walked – too dehydrated for even the most urgent medical care to save them.”

        She adds: “The scale of what is happening here is shocking, even for experienced emergency team members who have seen a lot.”

    • seafoid says:

      Salbe

      Calling them Arabs is deliberate. Arabs don’t belong in Erez Israel.
      And there was no “Arab nation” during the colonial era. There were Ottoman vilayats.

    • Mooser says:

      “My belief is that regardless of politics, everyone will benefit from a greater understanding of Israel and Israelis”

      Yes, but wind sprints and mile-a-day give the most benefit. That way when you see them coming, you can get away quicker. What’s to understand? Zionism is racism, theft and murder, and uses the troubles of the Jews as its fuel. That’s four strikes, and they were out at three.

  12. homingpigeon says:

    This racism thing isn’t so simple. I remember reading in a book, The Thirteenth Gate, that a Japanese newspaper published a piece talking about how the Jews were clever businessmen, controlled the levers of power in the West, were the majority of smart lawyers, could bring down governments, make or break banks, destroy currencies, etc etc. A western rabbi living in Tokyo went to the editor of the paper to complain and say that this was anti-Semitic and hurtful to Jews and he shouldn’t be publishing things like that. The editor was puzzled and confused about why the piece was a problem, as the writer had gone to such lengths to praise and complement the Jewish people.

  13. talknic says:

    One can spend a lot of time arguing about Zionism, Judaism, Jews, what they are, what they mean, where we came from, what our DNA might be etc etc etc. Ditto Arabs, Palestinians, refugees etc etc etc.

    As of May 15th 1948, it’s all rather meaningless in the eyes of the UN Charter, Conventions & Laws Israel is obliged to uphold. UNSC res 476 adequately covers the West Bank / East Jerusalem issue. It is based on the law. Only the US veto vote in the UNSC prevents the law having full effect.

    If Israel was not in breech of the law, the arguments would likely not be happening. The Israeli/Jewish lobbies would not be spending huge amounts of effort and money ensuring the US senate retains the US Veto vote

    If Israel was not in breech of the law (acting outside of Israel since May 15th 1948), the the UN would be fully supportive of Israel’s sovereign rights, defense et al.

    If Israel was not in breech of the law, there’d be non of the “self-hating Jew” crappolla. There’d be no wedge being driven through the Jewish community as there is now. Never before have we been so divided and confused, because of one thing and one thing only: Israel’s policies towards the Palestinians and their rightful territory. Policies which, in my opinion, are based on Deuteronomy 20:15 and the Declaration of the Establishment of the State of Israel //THE STATE OF ISRAEL will be … based on freedom, justice and peace as envisaged by the prophets of Israel//

    There’s no mention of democracy anywhere in the Declaration, there is however mention of a constitution under which a Government was to have been elected. In 64 years, Israel has never been able to reconcile being a democracy and being a Jewish State. Instead there has been a permanent state of emergency since 1948 and an ever growing polarization of the Jewish people.

  14. seafoid says:

    link to haaretz.com

    A primer for the civics matriculation (bagrut ) exam that was administered Monday suggested as an answer to a practice question that “the association of Jewish girls with Arabs is liable to undermine their right to life and security.”

    The book, published by Reches Educational Projects, is one of many such volumes pupils use to prepare for the exams. These primers are popular because they review specific topics that the Education Ministry has announced will be tested in a given subject.

    In this volume there is a sample question that presents the following topic for pupils to address:

    “A recently published letter, written by the wives of rabbis, calls on Jewish girls to keep their distance from Arabs. There are those who support this letter, while there are others who argue that the letter is improper.”

    The pupils are asked to express their opinion on the issue and back their opinion up with two arguments based on concepts in civics.

    As part of a correct answer in support of the letter, the book suggests the following argument: “Jewish girls associating with Arabs is liable to lead to romantic relationships and even to marriage. This assimilation of Jewish girls with members of the Arab minority will undermine the preservation of a Jewish majority in the State of Israel.”

    As a second argument it suggests: “Jewish girls associating with Arabs is liable to endanger their safety for nationalist reasons, and is liable to undermine their right to life and security