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A US veteran reflects on protesting alongside Palestinian human rights activists in Hebron

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I hadn’t been shot at in seven and a half years. In the week prior, some tear gas cans were fired by the Israeli army at my fellow Veterans For Peace members and me in the Palestinian town of Bil’in. But for a former tough guy Marine, that doesn’t count.

Hebron was different.

For over a decade, peaceful, non-violent Palestinian residents of Hebron, along with friends and allies from Palestine, Israel, and foreign countries, have marched through the streets of Hebron annually to demand the re-opening of their former main market place on Shuhada Street. What many hope is one of the several first steps in a process to restore dignity and human rights to the Palestinian people.

Each year the peaceful march is stopped violently by the Israeli military and police forces, as similar non-violent resistance is violently met by the Israeli military and police forces throughout all of occupied Palestine.

At this year’s march, my comrades and I, including organizers of the march, were roughly one-third of the way from the head of the protest of several hundred people, and, when we wound through the streets of Hebron, linked arm in arm, and made blind turns, walking deeper into the old city. As we descended down a hill and bent to the left, weapons were fired and the crowd came back toward us.

Explosions from concussion grenades echoed off the concrete streets and stone buildings, and the white wispy fingers of tear gas followed the crowds. The gas soon ballooned into thicker clouds of chalky white. My mate on my right arm, I now know is no simple activist. Issa Amro is his name and he said “let’s go”, and we did. Through the tear gas and toward the gun line of the Israeli army and police, we went.

Issa Amro (center) leads members of Veterans for Peace and CODEPINK during the annual Open Shuhada Street march. (Photo: Ellen Davidson)

Amro scares Israel. If the Trump administration weren’t so ignorant and arrogant Amro would rightly scare them as well because he is an archetype of popular non-violent leadership against oppression, occupation and fascism. Recognized as a Human Rights Defender by the European Union, Amro is currently facing 18 charges in an Israeli military court. These charges are largely nonsense, meant to silence Amro and take him away from being a witness to the world and prevent his role in fighting for a Free Palestine.

In a report issued last November, Amnesty International stated:  “The deluge of charges against Issa Amro does not stand up to any scrutiny,” and the group noted that some of the charges were previously made against him and already dismissed, were charges for which he was not physically present. Or, they were charges for actions that are not internationally recognizable criminal offenses. Amro is a very real threat to Israel, and if it—a racist apartheid state— is not to go the way of the Jim Crow South or pre-1994 South Africa, then it must do everything it can to silence him.

Amro works professionally as an electrical engineer. From what I understand, he’s a pretty good one, as he travels and lectures on the subject internationally. It was while studying electrical engineering at college when the Israeli military closed his university. Amro started then as a leader of the Palestinian nonviolent resistance. At his school, he led his fellow students who remained on campus to sleep there in protest until the military left. The Israeli forces relented, and the university was reopened. Issa understood the asymmetric power of nonviolent resistance, the moral authority of it, and he began to study the classic leaders of non-violent resistance and change so that he could lead and inspire his own people in their struggle for freedom. He started his organization Youth Against Settlements in Hebron a decade ago, founded a kindergarten, and is in the process of opening a cinema. He is constantly targeted and harassed by the Israeli military and settlers in Hebron and throughout Palestine, and, for good reason, he is incredibly effective.

I spent ten years in the Marine Corps. I went to Iraq twice and Afghanistan once. I’ve traveled a lot, been on television, and for a time revolved in a world of big shots and important people in Washington DC and New York City. But true leaders, people whose presence is unordinary, occur less often than we would like and, as we in America know, selfless and dedicated leaders cannot be manufactured by the military rank on one’s shoulder, the attention of a TV camera lens, or the ballots of voters.

Matthew Hoh recovering after being tear gassed for a second time in Hebron. (Photo: Ellen Davidson)

In Hebron, I was with a leader. Amro said “let’s go, “and we went, into the gas and towards the guns of a fascist state, towards an Israeli military that wantonly kills Palestinians not just without repercussion, but also with the conscious financial reward of my own government.

The gas was too much for us on that first attempt to reach the army and police line, an effort we were making just to speak with them. We retreated, back up the street from where we came, our eyes sealing shut, our chests convulsing, and everything else burning from the gas. We regrouped around a corner where a fortunate breeze helped dissipate the gas. Between the seven members of Veterans For Peace, we had nearly 60 years of military service between us. We all looked to Amro.

A few minutes passed, the street below us was quiet, no one else continued to march, no one else was making a move to restore the lost dignity and rights to the people of Hebron. “Let’s go,” Issa said again. And we went. We linked arms again, down the hill and around the bend towards the gun line of the Israeli police and the army. No words from the army or police, no movement at all from them. As we got closer some shouts from us, “we are unarmed,” “we want to talk.” Those of us whose arms weren’t linked had hands and fists raised in the air, perhaps to show defiance, but also to show our absence of weapons and to plead with the soldiers and police not to shoot.

Halfway down the street, maybe 50 yards after the turn, the first tear gas cans rush directly over our heads. The cans are fired level at us so that we were forced to duck. If struck in the head or chest, we could be killed. Many Palestinians have died that way, on our trip I met the relatives of several who were murdered in that manner. Amro doesn’t duck. He stood tall, said, “Don’t do that” and kept us advancing. As we moved, having to duck further, we were fortunate that the gas canisters, just several feet off the ground, passed wide of us. The gas, some from American corporations, is more powerful than the human body and we had to retreat once again.

And here it is. Here is why Israel is scared of Amro. After ten minutes, when the gas wore off because that magnificent and benevolent breeze has worked its wonders, we walked for a third time to that same gun line. The army and police have killed people in Hebron, they have done so routinely and often; the murder of a wounded Palestinian by an Israeli soldier in Hebron has recently been one of the major news stories in Israel and Palestine. A costume of the soldier who murdered the Palestinian was a top choice among Israelis for the Purim holiday.

Veterans for Peace’s Tarak Kauff walks toward the Israeli army and police line inhaling tear gas. (Photo: Ellen Davidson)

Often at demonstrations, after the gas and the concussion grenades are used and a greater degree of force is desired, the Israeli army and police will add the use of live and rubber ammunition. This is something we witnessed them do in the village of Nabi Saleh the following week—for those of you who have not been gassed in Palestine, the gas the Israeli army and police forces use is of a potency well beyond anything any of us in Veterans For Peace had ever encountered in the U.S. military, or U.S. law enforcement—At that point Israeli army and police had shot directly at us, and we were lucky not to have been severely injured or killed. Although there was a very strong possibility that we would now encounter rubber bullets or live ammunition. Yet we went back onto to the street because Amro led us there once more.

The Israeli army and police held their fire this time and we reached their line where we encountered a heavily armed and armor plated phalanx comprised primarily of apparent scared and confused 18 and 19-year old conscripted soldiers and border police officers. Nothing came of our attempts to speak with the army and police, as they quickly deployed squads to raid Palestinian homes, which punished the residents of the city for the actions of those who demanded dignity and human rights that day.

Matthew Hoh. (Photo: Matthew Hoh)

It was by no means a wasted effort to have endured the gas to reach their line, as I now understand very well that it is madness to assume that Israel’s occupation can endure, particularly if it were to ever lose its backing from its patron the U.S. As we stood in front of those young, terrified boys and girls, some not much bigger than the rifles they carried, the actuality of the legendary and mythic “Israeli Defense Forces” was evidently morally and ethically haphazard, and the folly of the occupation was too clear.

Israel is dependent on a massive infusions of cash and patronage from one of the wealthiest nations in the world, as political shielding from—well deserved—sanctions that the near entirety of the rest of the world seeks to enact against the Israeli government as a response to the decades-long Israeli governmental crimes against the Palestinian people. To keep control within its borders and within the lands it illegally occupies, Israel must heavily arm tens of thousands of teenagers, many of whom have no interest in the fundamentalist, sexist and racist views of the far hard right in Israel, a nationalist movement that takes orders from an invisible real estate agent in the sky who demands the theft and occupation of Palestinian lands. Such a position is morally bankrupt, strategically impossible and bound to collapse. Dissolution of America’s support of Israel’s apartheid and occupation is the most important element in this eventual collapse.

Desperation is now clear in Israel’s actions, how else to describe the bill passed this past week to ban the Muslim call to prayer?

Men and women, like Amro were raised under occupation, harassed, silenced, humiliated, arrested, imprisoned, beaten, and tortured. Every action the government of Israel can take to keep alive the occupation and the apartheid state, they have been on the receiving end.

When Dick Cheney spoke of going to “the dark side” I now no longer believe he spoke of Star Wars, but believe he was referencing the policies of Israel. What has occurred has not been a stamping out of a Palestinian people, a destruction of the Palestinian nation, or a subdued land of collaborationists and cowards. Rather Israel’s terrorism has grown a generation of non-violent popular leaders.

Throughout our time with the non-violent popular resistance in Palestine we met and worked with men and women committed to restoring dignity and human rights to their people. Many of them were of the caliber, temperament and quality of Amro: able to inspire, capable of transferring confidence and infusing hope. These Palestinian men and women are what terrify Israel; and as the Trump administration moves further along a path akin to Israel’s, President Trump and his legions will see as well a rise of such leaders from within the American people—of that I am sure.

Israel is pursuing its charges against Amro in military court. A petition has been started to remind the United Nations that Amro is a designated and recognized international human rights defender and as such, the United Nations, and its member states, have certain obligations to him.

Please take a moment to add your name to the petition and then share it with your friends and allies. Amro is a tremendous leader and he, like many other, will end the occupation of Palestine through their non-violent resistance, so long as we follow them, support them and stand with them.

About Matthew Hoh

Matthew Hoh is a former State Department official who in 2009 resigned in protest from his post in Afghanistan over US strategic policy and goals in Afghanistan. Prior to his assignment in Afghanistan, Matthew served in Iraq; first in 2004-5 in Salah ad Din Province with a State Department reconstruction and governance team and then in 2006-7 in Anbar Province as a Marine Corps company commander. When not deployed, Matthew worked on Afghanistan and Iraq policy and operations issues at the Pentagon and State Department from 2002-8. Matthew’s writings have appeared in the Atlanta Journal Constitution, Defense News, the Guardian, the Huffington Post, USA Today, the Wall Street Journal and the Washington Post. The Council on Foreign Relations has cited Matthew’s resignation letter from his post in Afghanistan as an Essential Document. Matthew is a member of Veterans For Peace.

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12 Responses

  1. John O
    John O on March 16, 2017, 12:43 pm

    Duly signed, Matthew. Sadly, I guess a holiday in Israel is now out of the question for me.

  2. eljay
    eljay on March 16, 2017, 12:44 pm

    Thank you, Mr. Hoh, for shining a brighter light on the justice-, accountability- and equality-hating evil that is Zionism. That it exists at all is a disgrace; that the U.S. (among others) supports and defends it and its oppressive, colonialist, (war) criminal and religion-supremacist “Jewish State” construct is an even greater disgrace.

  3. amigo
    amigo on March 16, 2017, 1:42 pm


  4. Kathleen
    Kathleen on March 17, 2017, 3:37 pm

    Thank you Matthew for your willingness to fight for human rights and social justice. Thank you for this well written and moving piece. Hope folks are sharing this one with others.

  5. mariapalestina
    mariapalestina on March 17, 2017, 5:40 pm

    As someone who was teargassed in illegally occupied Palestine several times I agree IDF teargas is not ordinary teargas. Nor are IDF “rubber bullets” rubber. They are steel ball bearings with a very thin rubber coat, and they can be and often are lethal. I still have one of the ones that hit me in Al Ram in 2004, when Israel had just started to build its apartheid wall there.

    Issa Amro, at whose August 2007 Hebron wedding I was privileged to be a guest, is definitely a Palestinian hero, which is why he is so feared by the zionist state. His life will continue to be a living hell so long as this occupation is allowed to continue. May God keep him safe.

    Happy to sign the petition. Thank you.

  6. DaBakr
    DaBakr on March 18, 2017, 4:03 pm

    Great Palestinian hasbara piece. All the right elements including and up to the description of the Israeli soldiers as “terrified and confused” children. Right. “Former tough guy” U.S. marine whines on and on about how he and his comrades ‘could have’ been injured. Could have been hit with rubber bullets. (Don’t remember too many rubber bullets being used in iraq). And anyway, the whole protest is a coordinated and choreographed protest. The marchers always know approximately what will happen when they approach the soldiers. And if the goal of Israel was to ‘kill’ protesters I don’t think ‘benevolent’ winds would have made much of a difference.

    *p.s. those’scared and terrified idf soldiers probably were taught by their ‘zionazi’fascist’ masters how to compensate for wind with tear gas. Perhaps they just chose not to unless hoh wants to change his description of the idf as not only terrified and confused but also really stupid in which case he can keep dreaming about how ‘lucky’ he was.


    • Mooser
      Mooser on March 18, 2017, 5:01 pm

      “Great Palestinian hasbara piece.”

      How is it “Palestinian”, “DaBakr”?

      The man who wrote it, Matthew Hoh, is an American, a former State Department official and US Marine Corps company commander.

      • beruga
        beruga on March 19, 2017, 12:01 am

        You’d think people like him would respect American veterans more given all the, let’s say, “benefitial” to Israel wars they engage in and the ones they have yet to engage in

        It’s almost like they treat Americans as something that can be easily moved, a tool to be discarded once useless, hmmmm….

    • eljay
      eljay on March 18, 2017, 9:57 pm

      || @aak: Great Palestinian hasbara piece. All the right elements including and up to the description of the Israeli soldiers as “terrified and confused” children. Right. … ||

      Yup, there’s no way a group of young Zionists…
      – wearing Captain Israel underpants;
      – toting weapons of summary execution;
      – oppressing an indigenous population; and
      – overseeing the colonization of their lands,
      …could ever be “terrified and confused”.

  7. Ossinev
    Ossinev on March 19, 2017, 9:19 am

    “Great Palestinian hasbara piece”
    Palestinians don`t do Hasbara. Only braindead,brainwashed Fascist Zionists do Hasbara.
    Palestinians do courageous stoicism and resistance against overwhelming odds – you know just like all those courageous Jews who resisted the Nazis.

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