Since the U.S. election discussions of the possibility of a Muslim registry and how it can be resisted have exploded, including pledges by several public figures to register as Muslim. Max Geller says public declarations of solidarity can be inspiring, but symbolism will never be a substitute for direct action: “We must collectively resist and collectively risk perhaps everything we have to protect everyone whose lives were made much more perilous on November 8th. How such collective action will look is unclear, but centering American Muslim leadership so that we can effectively strategize and plan is more important right now than trafficking in sentimental symbolic pledges.”